Streptococcus salivarius Meningitis in Immunocompetent: A Case Report
Abdelrahman M Elsawy, Hani S Faidah and Elrashdy M Redwan
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 08, 2018
Streptococcus salivarius (S. salivarius) is a rare cause of purulent meningitis. We report a case of meningitis due to S. salivarius in 15-years-old Sudanese boy. Diagnosis was established based on Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings. The patient responded well to systemic antibiotics and recovered completely without any neurological complications after proper supportive measures. In this patient the meningitis caused by S. salivarius was thought to be spontaneous. The importance of bacteriological diagnosis and proper antibiotic treatment for S. salivarius meningitis is discussed....
Cadaver Pylorus Simulates Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis
Paul A Brisson, Cayla C DeLuca, Kaitlyn Lemes and Samuel C Purkey
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: August 08, 2018
Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) is a disorder of infants that results in an abnormal thickening of the pyloric sphincter. Surgical division of the pyloric muscle fibers under general anesthesia is the standard treatment. There is currently no realistic simulation model of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. Surgeons learn the procedure on live infants. Our objective was to determine if an adult embalmed cadaver pylorus, a readily available resource at most medical schools, could serve as a simulation model of HPS for the performance of an open infant pyloromyotomy....
Effects of the Miyakejima Volcano Eruption on Public Health
Mikio Shiozawa, Alan Kawarai Lefor, Naohiro Sata, Yoshikazu Yasuda and Hideo Nagai
Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: August 06, 2018
In June 2000, the Miyakejima volcano suddenly erupted, forcing evacuation of all inhabitants. We undertook this study to evaluate the effects on the health of inhabitants after their returning to the island 4 years after the eruption. We examined 269 inhabitants, who visited the Miyakejima Central Clinic, and specifically discussed symptoms related to exposure and anxiety related to the disaster....
Vitamin D Levels in Patients with Anaphylaxis with or without Asthma Compared to the General Population
Farrukh Sheikh, Agha M Rehan Khaliq, Qasim A Sheikh, Abdul Hadi Al Qahtani, Samia Al Hashim, Rand Arnaout and Rashid Amin
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 06, 2018
Vitamin D has immunomodulatory properties. Most of the evidence points towards a causal association between low vitamin D levels and the development of asthma and allergy but the results are not conclusive. We studied the vitamin D levels of patients with anaphylaxis and compared them to previously published vitamin D levels in the Saudi population....
Ellis Van Creveld Syndrome - A Diagnosis to be Considered in Every Case of Polydactyly
Praneet Lale, Neeraj Aggarwal, Mridul Agarwal, Raja Joshi and Reena Joshi
Article Type: Image Article | First Published: August 04, 2018
1 year 2-months-old female child presented to our institution with complains of rapid breathing, failure to gain weight and increase precordial activity. There is no history of consanguineous marriage. Antenatal, natal and post-natal history were not contributory. Elder sibling had similar history. On general examination patient had a short stature with bilateral postaxial polydactyly of hands and feet (Figure 1a and Figure 1b). Cardiovascular examination revealed increased precordial pulsations, loud P2, Ejection systolic murmur of grade 3/6 at left upper sternal border, grade 4/6 pansystolic...
Hypertension: Drug Adherence and Social Factors
Ana Correia de Oliveira and Paulo Santos
Article Type: Commentary | First Published: August 04, 2018
Hypertension is the most prevalent cardiovascular risk factor in the world, increasing significantly with aging. The treatment of arterial hypertension leads to the reduction of the risk of cardiovascular events, such as stroke and heart disease. In the adult population, the prevalence of hypertension is about 30 to 45%, varying between countries. In 2010, more than 1.3 billion adults age ≥ 20-years-old were hypertensive worldwide, representing an estimated global age-standardized prevalence of hypertension of 31.1%....
Management of Keloid Scars: Surgical Versus Medical Therapy
Abdulhadi Jfri and Ali Alajmi
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 04, 2018
Keloids are benign fibroproliferative tumors that occur as a response to any kind of injury to the skin to susceptible individuals. Keloid tissue extends beyond the margins of the wound which distinguish it from hypertrophic lesions. Keloids tend to grow symptomless, but still can often cause pain or itching. They have a functional, aesthetic, or psychosocial impact on patients, as highlighted by quality-of-life studies....
Prevalence of Urinary Schistosomiasis among Secondary School Students in Ifedore Local Government, Ondo State, Nigeria
Akinneye JO, Fasidi MM, Afolabi OJ and Adesina FP
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 04, 2 018
Schistosomiasis (Bilharziasis) is water borne parasitic disease caused by a blood fluke (trematode) of the genus Schistosoma. Adult schistosome worms live in mammalian host and the intermediate host is aquatic snail. Schistosomiasis ranks second to malaria in terms of prevalence and persistence with grave public health and socio-economic importance in endemic communities. This study assessed the prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis among students of five selected secondary schools in Ifedore Local Government of Ondo State. A total of four hundred and thirteen (413) students urine samples were...
'Stick to it' - Exercise Programmed Adherence as the Main Determinant of Successful Weight Loss Interventions
Santiago Tavares Paes and Renato Marques Bianchini
Article Type: Perspective Article | First Published: August 04, 2018
The regular practice of physical exercise can improve the functioning of energetic systems, increasing metabolic efficiency, which reduces the progression of the pathological effects of obesity. The increase in energy expenditure secondary to physical exercise occurs by stimulating the metabolic reactions and the enhancement of energy substrate use by active exercised muscles. There are many metabolic factors activated by exercise....