Side Effects and Drug Interactions of Marijuana
Carol Motycka, Marissa Glinton and Courtney Brennan
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: January 29, 2016
The use of marijuana as a medication continues to be debated around the United States with legalization being discussed in several states. Understanding the adverse effects and drug interactions of marijuana are important as more people look to using this substance as a form of treatment. Marijuana has been associated with several adverse effects when used both short term and long term. It is also a substance which may interact with commonly used medications. This article will discuss some of the commonly known adverse effects and interactions....
Exploring the Contribution of Treatment Factors to Preferences for Smoking Cessation Interventions
Souraya Sidani, Joan Brewster, Joyal Miranda, Shelley Walkerly and Emily Belita
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: January 23, 2016
Preferences for treatment affect the poor uptake, adherence, and outcomes of smoking cessation interventions. This study addressed the need to examine what smokers like and dislike about smoking cessation interventions. The study aimed to describe adult smokers' preferences for three interventions: nicotine replacement therapy, brief individual advice and group behavioral therapy, and to identify treatment-related factors underlying treatment preferences....
Sally the Cat: A Resident of a Continuing Care Facility
Sandra P. Hirst
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: January 11, 2016
During the past several decades, interest has grown in the contribution that animals make to the quality of life of older residents who live in continuing care facilities. These residents are typically over the age of 85 and have often co-existing acute and chronic health challenges. Explored through this paper are several salient issues specific to animal assisted interventions for older residents living in continuing care facilities. These include: the possible contribution of animals to residents' health and quality of life, the use of animal assisted interventions for older residents with ...
Educating Nursing Students for Practice in the 21st Century
Jennifer Mannino and Elizabeth Cotter
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: January 09, 2016
Nurses face a number of challenges in the 21st century. One major challenge pertains to nursing education, specifically to the entry into practice preparation of undergraduate nursing students. Not only do nurses need to be adequately prepared to care for an ever increasing complex patient population, but they are called upon to be leaders in healthcare. The ways in which nurses were educated during the 20th century are no longer adequate for dealing with the realities of health care today; and having a baccalaureate degree alone does not always prepare new graduate nurses for the complexities...
Profile of Rugby Injuries in High School Zimbabwean Adolescents
Matthew Chiwaridzo, Yemurai Masunzambwa, Nirmala Naidoo, Farayi Kaseke, Jermaine Dambi and Takura Matare
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 28, 2015
Background: Rugby is a popular sport played in many countries worldwide. There has been recent growing interest for the sport in Zimbabwe especially among adolescents. However, no study has been done to document the profile of rugby-related injuries among Zimbabwean adolescents between the ages of 10 and 19 years. The goal of the present study is to describe the injuries sustained by adolescent males during the 2014 high school rugby season. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted involving 275 male adolescents' rugby players who competed in the Super Eight School Rugby League in Harar...
Postural Dual Task Performance during Anti-Saccades in Healthy Children
Layla Ajrezo, Sylvette Wiener-Vacher and Maria Pia Bucci
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 21, 2015
Purpose:It is known from literature that postural stability in children is affected by a secondary task. In the present study we explored the effect of anti-saccades on postural sway in healthy children. Methods: 43 healthy children from 8 to 15 years old participated to the study. Postural stability was measured by Techno Concept platform and simultaneously eye movements were recorded by an eye tracker (Mobile T2). Children performed anti-saccades task (saccades away from the target), pro-saccades task (saccades toward the target) and a fixation task....
Non-operative Treatment for Extensive Skin Necrosis of a Neonatal Dorsal Foot caused by Extravasation
Hiromu Masuoka, Susumu Saito, Yoko Nakamura and Shigehiko Suzuki
Article Type: Short Communication | First Published: January 09, 2016
We herein describe two cases of non-surgical treatment for skin necrosis of the dorsum of the neonatal foot caused by extravasation. In both the cases, closure of the defects was achieved after 3 months of conservative treatment without any complications. Although the defects occupied almost all of the dorsal skin of the foot, no significant contracture disabling the toe or ankle occurred during the maximum follow-up period of 9 years. Non-surgical treatments could be an alternative treatment for neonatal skin necrosis caused by extravasation....
Biomechanical Stimulation Therapy - An Efficacious Method for Facial Scleroderma with Reduced Oral Aperture
Walter Berg, Ingo H Tarner, Gabriela Riemekasten, Ulf Muller-Ladner and Uwe Lange
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 26, 2016
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic, severe connective tissue disorder characterized by a microangiopathy and excess deposition of connective tissue matrix in the skin and internal organs. Skin involvement is the most conspicuous manifestation of SSc, and based on its extent two distinct disease subsets are recognized, diffuse cutaneous (dcSSc) and limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis (lcSSc), with lcSSc affecting only the distal extremities and the face and dcSSc also affecting the proximal extremities and the trunk....
Anti-inflammatory Effect of Antioxidant Pequi (Caryocar Brasiliense) Oil Capsules and Antioxidant Effect of Vitamin D and Physical Activity on Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients
Thais Muniz Montalvao, Ana Luisa Miranda-Vilela, Cesar Koppe Grisolia and Leopoldo Luiz Santos-Neto
Article Type: Case Series | First Published: January 09, 2016
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic inflammatory, complex, multisystem autoimmune disease of multifactorial origin. It is characterized by a large set of antibodies, especially antinuclear antibodies. Its incidence rate varies from 1 to 10 per 100,000 persons/year and its prevalence rate is 20-70 per 100,000. It is a more frequent rare disease in women between 15 and 45 years old. The cause of SLE is still unknown; however, there is a loss of the regulatory mechanisms which maintain self-tolerance to nuclear antigens, resulting in the deposition of immune complexes in tissues....
Inhalable Curcumin is an Efficacious Treatment Strategy for Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1-Induced Neuropathology
Article Type: Hypothesis | First Published: January 07, 2016
Turmeric, which is derived from the root of the Curcuma longa plant, is one of the most widely used spices worldwide. Scientists from various disciplines have long studied the medicinal benefits of a polyphenol extract from Curcuma longa, curcumin. It has been shown to have a broad spectrum of pharmacological activities in cancer, inflammation, and Alzheimer's disease (AD). In an epidemiological study, continuous curcumin intake improved cognitive function in aged individuals....