ClinMed International Library

The ClinMed International Library is a repository and an open access publisher for medical research that covers a wide range of areas in Clinical Medicine. ClinMed serves as a global platform for medical practitioners and research scholars to foster their learning and professional acumen through an extensive portfolio of research articles and publications that can be accessed without any restrictions.

Dedicated to clinical medical research, we now publish over 70 quality peer-reviewed journals making all the articles freely accessible. The manuscripts submitted to ClinMed will be processed through standard parameters and international peer review systems. This has enabled us to establish new milestones in the global research arena in terms of cogency and integrity, and to disseminate highly credible and accredited research content for researchers, scholars, and practitioners across the globe.

We ensure that all researchers and authors publishing their papers with us retain copyrights, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License that permits the unrestricted use and re-use of the content with proper citation.

ClinMed International Library

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Articles Published

All articles are fully peer reviewed, free to access and can be downloaded from our ClinMed archive.

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 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4061.1510028

Heath Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in Shrimp Acetes Sp. and Cincalok Collected in 2007 from Pantai Klebang, Peninsular Malaysia

Chee Kong Yap, Wan Hee Cheng, Mohd Hafetz Ali, Rosimah Nulit, Shih Hao Tony Peng, Mohamad Saupi Ismail and Chee Seng Leow

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 31, 2019

Sampling in Pantai Klebang, Melaka was done on 12th January 2007. The samples collected were Acetes sp. and the cincalok. The Acetes sp. was bought from the fishermen, while the cincalok was bought from the roadside. All collected shrimp samples were kept frozen until dissection was carried out. The frozen samples were thawed at room temperature and later on, cleaned with double-distilled water (DDW). The shrimps selected from the analysis had body lengths between 2.00-2.50 cm. Since most literature reported the shrimp's species from Malacca is Acetes indicus but further validation is required...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4061.1510027

Health Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in Fish (Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus) from Two Lagoons in Southwestern Nigeria

Bassey OB and Chukwu LO

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 10, 2019

Pollution by heavy metals in aquatic ecosystems has become the central focus of environmental research, due to the threat it poses to consumers of fishery sources. This study seeks to assess the levels of accumulation and potential human risk associated with heavy metals in Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus from Ologe and Badagry lagoons Southwestern Nigeria. The metals (Cr, Cd, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, and Pb) in fish samples were analyzed with atomic absorption spectrometer (AAS), while the estimated daily intake (EDI), target hazard quotient (THQ) and target cancer risk (TR) were also estimated. All metal...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-461X/1710025

Assessment of Mitochondrial and Nuclear Genes for Molecular Detection during Early Trichinella spiralis Infection

Silvio J Krivokapich, Cinthia L Gonzalez Prous, Graciana M Gatti and Patricia A Arbusti

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: August 31, 2019

Early serological diagnosis of trichinellosis is affected by a long-term immunological "silent" period following infection. This emphasises the need for the development of sensitive diagnostic methods to be used when antibodies cannot be detected. In this study, we assessed the usefulness of three DNA sequences as a direct diagnosis method to detect early infection with Trichinella spiralis in peripheral blood by SYBR green real-time PCR using a murine model. Primers were designed from a nuclear repetitive DNA element (Rep), the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) region, an...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-461X/1710024

Results of the First Phase of Educational Intervention in Schoolchildren of Marianao Municipality on Intestinal Parasitosis 2017-2019

Osvaldo Batista Rojas, MSc

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: August 31, 2019

An intervention study was carried out, quasi-experimental, retro-prospective with the students of the Primary School "Hugo Camejo" and their parents in the period 2017-2019. The universe was constituted by 627 students and the sample by the 83 schoolchildren of 4th grade, with the objective of developing an intervention strategy to increase the level of knowledge about intestinal parasitosis. Reaching the following conclusions: Only half of the children before the intervention had adequate hygienic habits. The majority of the respondents have an average level of knowledge about parasitism befo...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510142

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction with Platelet Rich Plasma: Systematic Review

Laura FERNANDEZ, Roberto SEIJAS, Albert PEREZ-BELLMUNT, Paolo RAGAZZI, Olivier PEILLON and Pedro ALVAREZ

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 07, 2019

The aim of this study was reviewed the scientific evidence of the relationship that could exist between the use of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) after the reconstruction of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL). We performed a systematic using the following key words: platelet rich plasma AND anterior cruciate ligament. Abstracts were screened by a single reviewer. For those studies meeting the eligibility criteria, full-text articles were obtained. From 127 studies found only 5 articles were included in this systematic review. We found the presence of inflammatory diseases, DM, advanced osteoarth...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510141

A Comparison of Physical Activity Levels between On-Line and Campus University Students

Kelly R Rice, Justin S Fuller, Darren J Dutto, John M Schuna Jr and Timothy K Behrens

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 05, 2019

A total of 238 participants enrolled at a regional university in Oregon with a significant online presence (58% of student head count).PA levels of on-campus and online students were assessed during April 2014 via an online electronic questionnaire. PA queries were based on the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) questions regarding PA. Costs to treat diseases associated with a lack of regular physical activity have a distinctly negative impact on the American health care system. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention the total costs of treating all cardio...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510140

The Relationship between Anaerobic Power Output and Race Performance during Marathon Canoe and Kayak Competition

Andrew Hatchett, Charles Allen, Kaitlyn Armstrong and Brittany Hughes

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 26, 2019

Paddle sports are low impact activities that result in high aerobic demand. Although this sport relies on the aerobic system, with the addition of shorter distances in competition settings it has led to interest in the importance of anaerobic capacity. The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between anaerobic power and endurance paddle race performance. Fifty (n = 50) endurance paddle athletes completed a 13-mile course either by kayak or canoe. A modified Wingate anaerobic power assessment protocol was conducted using a canoe or kayak paddling adaptor. Canoers completed one...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510139

Burundi Population Awareness about Gout and the Pivotal Role Played by Physical Exercise in Prevent and Managing Gout Relating Problems

NGAYIMBESHA Adrien, BIZIMANA Jean Berchmans and GAKIMA Marie Stella

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 26, 2019

Prevalence and incidences of gout disease had shown an increasing trend all over the world including in developing countries. In underdeveloped countries like Burundi, there is no information about this disease situation, and the population may lack sufficient knowledge to prevent this metabolic pathology. Gout is a type of inflammatory arthritis that may sometimes be called gouty arthritis. Gout develops in some people who have high levels of uric acid in their body and bloodstream, a condition called hyperuricemia. When uric acid builds up in the joints, it can form needle-like crystals. Thi...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510138

Balance in Transitional Age Youth with Autism Spectrum and Neurodevelopmental Disorders during a 6-Week Comprehensive Wellness Program

Eve Spratt, MD, MSCR, Carrie Papa, Conner McDonald, COM, Martina Mueller, PhD, Nicole Gribben, MPH-PAPH, PhD Student, Carolyn Peterseim, COM, Mary Ashley Mercer, MD, Ali Serpe, MD, Tatiana Baier, PhD and Janis Newton

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 25, 2019

Young adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are at an increased risk of poor balance and coordination due to sensory deficits. Specifically, reactive postural control impairments have been well documented among individual’s with ASD, however, research suggests that interventions can improve these associated deficiencies. The Piece It Together (PIT) program is a community-based comprehensive program designed to provide wellness opportunities among teens and young adults with ASD and other mild Neurodevelopmental Deficits (ND). The PIT curriculum includes exercise, nutrition, stress manag...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410118

Posterior Vitreous Detachment Prevalence in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Hatice Daldal, Musa Yigit and Yavuz Bardak

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: August 31, 2019

142 eyes of 71 consecutive patients with COPD who are applied to ophthalmology clinic were included in the retrospective study from January 2012 to August 2013. Trauma, ophthalmologic surgery history, diabetic retinopathy, uveitis, chorioretinitis, retinitis pigmentosa, retinal detachment and tears in the anamnesis and ophthalmologic examination were excluded from study. The visual acuity of the patients was assessed using Snellen chart. Intraocular pressure was measured with applanation tonometry. Fundus examination was performed using +90D lens after pupil dilation with 0.5% tropicamide foll...

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