ClinMed International Library

The ClinMed International Library is a repository and an open access publisher for medical research that covers a wide range of areas in Clinical Medicine. ClinMed serves as a global platform for medical practitioners and research scholars to foster their learning and professional acumen through an extensive portfolio of research articles and publications that can be accessed without any restrictions.

Dedicated to clinical medical research, we now publish over 70 quality peer-reviewed journals making all the articles freely accessible. The manuscripts submitted to ClinMed will be processed through standard parameters and international peer review systems. This has enabled us to establish new milestones in the global research arena in terms of cogency and integrity, and to disseminate highly credible and accredited research content for researchers, scholars, and practitioners across the globe.

We ensure that all researchers and authors publishing their papers with us retain copyrights, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License that permits the unrestricted use and re-use of the content with proper citation.

Recent Publication

A Plausible “Penny” Costing Effective Treatment for Corona Virus - Ozone Therapy
"Novel coronavirus" SARS-CoV-2 is rapidly spreading worldwide with a significant mortality rate. There is real threat of a global pandemic of an easily transmissible disease, with a significant morbidity and mortality, from this epidemic if not another in the future. According to the World health Organization, SARS-CoV-2 carries at least a 14-day incubation period.

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 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3397/1410107

In Vivo Small Bowel Length is Longer than in Formalin-Fixed Cadavers

Randal Zhou, MD, Bruce A Orkin, MD, FACS, FASCRS, James M Williams, PhD, Anthony Serici, BS, Jennifer Poirier, PhD, Walid El-Bermani, MBChB, PhD, Ronald Bohn, PhD and Areta Kowal-Vern, MD, FCAP, FASCP

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 03, 2020

Surgeons require accurate ranges of normal small bowel length (SBL) to benefit patients. The relationship between cadaveric SBL and in vivo human SBL is not known. We hypothesized that cadaveric SBL is significantly different compared to human SBL. SBL was measured prospectively in 167 formalin- fixed cadavers; and studied in 118 without intestinal surgery. A standardized and reproducible method of small bowel measurement was utilized in both in vivo and cadaveric subjects. Small bowel was measured in situ from the Ligament of Treitz to the ileocecal valve. These measurements were compared to ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-3634/1410116

Effect of CoQ10 Supplementation on Oxidative Stress and Muscle Bioenergetics in Type II Diabetes: A Pilot Study

Joohee Sanders, PhD, Sinclair Smith, PhD and Carsten Sanders, PhD

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: January 30, 2020

To compare oxidative stress, mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation capacity, microvascular function, and exercise performance of type II diabetics (T2D) to that of control subjects and to determine whether Co-enzyme Q10 (CoQ10) supplementation has any effects on these measures. Noted reduction in MDA seen in healthy, older individuals suggests a positive antioxidant effect of CoQ10 supplementation. However, when PAD is present, as can be the case of T2D, two weeks of CoQ10 supplementation at 200 mg·day-1 may not be long enough or potent enough to produce similar effects....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510118

Prevalence of Hepatitis C Virus and Other Comorbidities in Dialysis Population of Elbasan City, Albania

Elezi Brunilda, Topi Skender, Abazaj Erjona, Bolleke Erjola and Kasa Marsida

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 27, 2020

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with increased morbidity and mortality among patients on dialysis (HD). The aims of this study were to estimate the presence of HCV and other comorbidities in the dialysis population of Elbasan city, and to compare the survival outcomes of those patients who started dialysis with haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. In the present study, we have used a socio-demographic questionnaire to collect data from HD patients. We studied 108 dialysis patients in dialysis Centre for 1 year. Software SPSS version 20.0, were used to analyzed and evaluate th...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-567X/1510058

Prevalence of Malaria and Some Opportunistic Infections in Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) Patients with CD4 Below 200 in Faith Alive Hospital, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria

Dawet A and Onaiyekan OE

Article Type: Research article | First Published: January 27, 2020

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection leads to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) resulting to a progressive decline in the immune system of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) making them susceptible to a variety of opportunistic infections which eventually leads to death. This study aimed at determining the prevalence malaria and some opportunistic infections in HIV/AIDS patients with CD4 count below 200 attending Faith Alive Hospital, Jos, Plateau State. The testing for opportunistic infections was done using thick and thin blood films for haemoparasites, formal ether conc...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-567X/1510057

Pre-analytical Errors in the HIV Anti Retro Viral Therapy (ART) Laboratory of Teaching Referral Hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Abay Sisay Misganaw, Mulugeta Worku, Chala Bashea, Mamaru Nigus, Yisak Yoseph, and Habtamu Molla

Article Type: Brief Report | First Published: October 18, 2019

To assess the magnitude and associated factor of pre-analytical error in the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) antiretroviral therapy (ART) laboratory of a teaching referral hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. A cross-sectional descriptive study design was used from May 1, 2018 to Jun 30, 2018 by using both quantitative and quantitative data collection approach. Data was entered, cleaned using Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS) version 21 for Microsoft Windows. Among the 427 specimens submitted for laboratory testing, 41 (9.6%) were not accepted for requested laboratory diagnos...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-570X/1410065

The Blood Levels of the Amino Acid Kynurenine and Indoloxigenase are Predictive of Acute Graft Versus Host Disease (aGVHD)

Ferreira DC, Silva IDCG, Lo Turco EG and Oliveira JSR

Article Type: Research article | First Published: January 25, 2020

The main barrier to the success of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD). The risk factors for aGVHD are mainly clinical and can be improved if additional biological factors are incorporated, such as the metabolomic profile. It is known that the levels of various metabolites measured are important in the process of immunoregulation. In our population study we investigated the systemic metabolic profile for 26 (Group I) allotransplant recipients. The metabolomics study was carried out by Targeted Mass Spectrometry. Plasma samples of the 26 pat...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410129

Vaping Associated Lung Illness: A Case Series

Joanna Sesti, MD, Safiyya Quintiliani, MD, Christine Minerowicz, MD, Delyse Garg, MD, Shabiah Martin, MD1, Karim Akl, MD, Claudio Guerrieri, MD, Sabiha Hussain, MD, Christina Migliore, MD, Pratik Patel, MD, Marc Linder, MD, Thiruvengadam Anandarangam, MD and Subroto Paul, MD, MPH

Article Type: Case Series | First Published: January 25, 2020

Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use, also known as vaping, has gained popularity among young adults. It has been promoted as a safer alternative to conventional cigarette smoking. Recent reports, however, have linked e-cigarette use to lung dysfunction. We report a series of four patients who were recently treated within our hospital system for vaping associated lung illness (VALI). All four were young, healthy individuals with no significant past medical histories. Lung biopsies were performed on three of these patients and the results are reviewed in the article. All patients were treated...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410128

Giraffe Patterns in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Adem Dirican, MD, Pinar Yildiz Gulhan, MD, Duygu Zorlu, MD, Hulya Bayiz, MD, Yagmur Saritas, Medical Student, Tugce Uzar, Medical Student, Sevket Ozkaya, MD and Nurhan Koksal, MD

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 27, 2020

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic and progressive lung disease characterized by severe fibrosis and poor prognosis. We aimed to reveal to different radiological findings of IPF and to describe a different perspective on the complexity of diagnosis. We retrospectively evaluated patients with IPF between January 2015 and April 2019 in the Department of Pulmonary Medicine, VM Medical park Samsun Hospital, Samsun, Turkey. Totally 51 patients were included in this study; 35 (68.6%) were male and 16 (31.4%) were female. The mean age was 70.8 years (min, 50-max, 86). The mean FVC, FEV1...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5734/1510106

Epstein-Barr Virus in Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Chilean Patients

Gina Pennacchiotti, Camila Alvarez, Rodrigo Montes, Marcela Carcamo, Raul Saez and Maria Jose Martinez

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 01, 2020

Squamous cell carcinoma is the most frequent malignancy in the oral cavity. Although the role of tobacco and alcohol in the process of carcinogenesis is widely considered, viral participation in carcinogenesis is scarcely studied. Our aim was to detect the Epstein-Barr virus presence in fresh tissue samples from adult patients with oral cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma and its relationship with clinical and socio-epidemiological variables. A cross-sectional study was carried out for two years in all untreated patients derived to the Chilean National Cancer Institute. A fresh sample of the tumour...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4512/1710035

Efficacy, Effectiveness and Efficiency in the Health Care: The Need for an Agreement to Clarify its Meaning

Enrique Burches, MD, PhD and Marta Burches, MD

Article Type: Commentary | First Published: January 25, 2020

There is great interest in ensuring that health system resources are used effectively. Dictionary says efficacy, effectiveness and efficiency are synonymous. Curiously, it is in many scientific fields where there has been imposed an artificial interpretation of these terms. Efficacy, in the health care sector, is the capacity of a given intervention under ideal or controlled conditions. Effectiveness is the ability of an intervention to have a meaningful effect on patients in normal clinical conditions. Efficiency is doing things in the most economical way. Therefore, it would be more correct ...

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Imaging Modality and Management of Hepatic Injury in the Trauma Setting

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Acute Simultaneous Renal and Ovarian Vein Thrombosis Mimicking Renal Colic and Associated with Factor V Leiden: Case Report and Review of Literature

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Featured Journals

Clinical Medical Reviews and Case Reports Editor-in-chief: Prof. Wei Wang

International Journal of Surgery Research and Practice Editor-in-chief: Prof. Brian Richard Davis

International Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy Editor-in-chief: Prof. Faris Farassati

International Journal of Clinical Cardiology Editor-in-chief: Prof. Breijo-Marquez

Journal of Genetics and Genome Research Editor-in-chief: Prof. Ming Zhan

Obstetrics and Gynaecology Cases - Reviews Editor-in-chief: Prof. Leslie Iffy

International Journal of Cancer and Clinical Research Editor-in-chief: Prof. Sulma I Mohammed

International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research Editor-in-chief: Prof. Masayoshi Yamaguchi

International Journal of Anesthetics and Anesthesiology Editor-in-chief: Prof. Ike Eriator

International Journal of Sports and Exercise Medicine Editor-in-chief: Prof. J David Prologo

Journal of Rheumatic Diseases and Treatment Editor-in-chief: Prof. Bruce M Rothschild

International Archives of Urology and Complications Editor-in-chief: Prof. Ajay Singla

International Journal of Psychology and Psychoanalysis Editor-in-chief: Prof. Joaquim JF Soares

Journal of Obesity and Weight-loss Medication Editor-in-chief: Prof. Timothy Koch

Trauma Cases and Reviews Editor-in-chief: Prof. William Min

Clinical Medical Image Library Editor-in-chief: Prof.

International Journal of Transplantation Research and Medicine Editor-in-chief: Prof. Lydia M Petrovic

Journal of Otolaryngology and Rhinology Editor-in-chief: Prof. John E. Nathan

Journal of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology Editor-in-chief: Prof. Ryuichi Morishita

International Journal of Critical Care and Emergency Medicine Editor-in-chief: Prof. Yasushi Shibata

International Journal of Womens Health and Wellness Editor-in-chief: Prof. Erich Cosmi

International Journal of Brain Disorders and Treatment Editor-in-chief: Prof. Terry Lichtor

International Journal of Clinical Biostatistics and Biometrics Editor-in-chief: Prof. James Michael Hardin