ClinMed International Library

The ClinMed International Library is a repository and an open access publisher for medical research that covers a wide range of areas in Clinical Medicine. ClinMed serves as a global platform for medical practitioners and research scholars to foster their learning and professional acumen through an extensive portfolio of research articles and publications that can be accessed without any restrictions.

Dedicated to clinical medical research, we now publish over 70 quality peer-reviewed journals making all the articles freely accessible. The manuscripts submitted to ClinMed will be processed through standard parameters and international peer review systems. This has enabled us to establish new milestones in the global research arena in terms of cogency and integrity, and to disseminate highly credible and accredited research content for researchers, scholars, and practitioners across the globe.

We ensure that all researchers and authors publishing their papers with us retain copyrights, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License that permits the unrestricted use and re-use of the content with proper citation.



  Last Updated: December 01, 2020

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All articles are fully peer reviewed, free to access and can be downloaded from our ClinMed archive.

Articles Search by   Keyword   |   Journal title   |   Author name   |   DOI

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-567X/1510045

Time to Major Adverse Reactions of Anti-Retroviral Drugs and its Predictors among Cohort of Patients Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy in Hosanna Hospital, Hosanna, Ethiopia: Retrospective Cohort Study

Likawunt Samuel Asfaw and Fikre Enquselassie

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: December 08, 2018

Antiretroviral therapy (ART) suppresses viral reproduction and stop progression of the disease process. Antiretroviral drug adverse reactions negatively influence antiretroviral treatment outcome. Incidence, type and time antiretroviral drug adverse reactions occur is not well documented. The purpose of this study was to investigate time to major antiretroviral drugs adverse reactions and its predictors among patients receiving ART in Hosanna, Ethiopia....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-4630/1410082

Efficacy and Safety of the Intraosseous Vascular Access in out-of-Hospital Emergencies: A Prospective Study of the Pre-Hospital Emergency Service (SUEM 118) of Padua from 2012 to Today

Andrea Paoli, Marco Lorenzini, Annalisa Boscolo, Andrea Spagna and Carlo Ori

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 06, 2018

Several scientific associations recommend the use of the intraosseous access as a valid alternative to the intravenous route, which is often difficult to find in emergency conditions, as a safe and effective way for drugs and fluids administration and for blood sampling. Rapid intravascular access is of paramount importance in both in and out-of-hospital emergency care. Quick treatment of medical and traumatic situations, along with correct resuscitation maneuvers, can decrease the mortality and...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-570X/1410056

Mechanical Stimulation Increases the Proliferation and Differentiation Potential of Human Adipose-Derived Stromal Cells

Susanne Jung, Lauren Bohner, Kathrin Spindler, Marcel Hanisch, Johannes Kleinheinz and Sonja Sielker

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 05, 2018

Dynamic conditions stimulate the bone remodeling process by improving the nutrients transport and increasing the expression of osteogenic cells. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of mechanical stimulation on the osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stromal cells. Bone fracture defects require an interventional treatment which is dependent from the size of the injured site: Whereas smaller bone defects may be spontaneously solved and comprise minimal intervention...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3664.1410026

Pharmaceutical Particle Engineering via Nano Spray Drying - Process Parameters and Application Examples on the Laboratory-Scale

Arpagaus Crpagaus

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 05, 2018

Spray drying plays a crucial role in the processing of pharmaceutical products such as pills, capsules, and tablets as it is used to convert drug-containing liquids into dried powdered forms. Nano spray drying is in particular used to improve drug formulation by encapsulating active ingredients in polymeric wall materials for protection and delivering the drugs to the right place and time in the body. The nano spray dryer developed in the recent years extends the spectrum of produced powder part...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-3634/1410098

Insulin Acts as Stimulatory Agent in Diabetes-Related Escherichia Coli Pathogenesis

amelija Madacki-Todorovic, Izet Eminovic, Nadira Ibrisimovic Mehmedinovic and Mirza Ibrisimovic

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 05, 2018

In general, diabetic patients are more prone to microbial infections, which is believed to be caused due to high glucose levels in blood which compromise components of the immune system. However, it is little known about role of therapeutic insulin administration on dissemination of infectious diseases in people with diabetes mellitus. The study included the clinically isolated strains of Escherichia coli (E. coli) with biofilm forming capacity as well as referent non-biofilm former E. coli stra...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-2951/1410131

The Profile of an Adult with Congenital Heart Disease

John Jairo Araujo

Article Type: Short Review | First Published: December 01, 2018

Congenital heart disease is the most frequent malformation. In the most recent data has a prevalence of thirteen cases per 1,000 children and six cases per 1,000 adults. Great strides in pediatric cardiovascular surgery have increased the number of survivors, especially in adulthood. Nowadays more adults are living with congenital heart disease than children, particularly in developed countries, and more than two thirds fall into the categories of moderate and high complexity defects. This growi...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacvd-2017/1710012

Why Atherothrombosis is in Principle a Hematologic Disease: The Effect of Disorders and Drugs which Affect Thrombosis on the Development of Atherosclerotic Plaques

Gregory D Sloop, Gheorghe Pop, Joseph J Weidman and John A St Cyr

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 01, 2018

The authors hypothesize that thrombosis causes both the complications of atherosclerosis as well as the underlying lesion, the atherosclerotic plaque. Atherosclerotic plaques develop from the organization of mural thrombi. In this process, circulating progenitor cells trapped within the thrombus differentiate into myofibroblasts which synthesize collagen, and endothelial cells which form granulation tissue. Eventually, all or most of the thrombus is replaced by collagen. Thus, conditions and dru...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510084

Vulvar Pruritus: Variability of Clinical Evaluation and Management

Sarah L Bedell, Ashli A Lawson, William F Griffith and Claudia L Werner

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: November 30, 2018

We characterize the evaluation and initial management of patients with vulvar pruritus, including elements of history-taking, physical examination, laboratory testing, and treatments. We propose an algorithm for approaching this common clinical problem in a systematic way. A retrospective chart review of patients with vulvar pruritus who presented to Gynecology or Vulvology Clinic at Parkland Health and Hospital System in 2012 informed this descriptive study....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5823/1510115

Continuity of Care Model for Older Adults

Carmen M Sarabia Cobo

Article Type: Editorial | First Published: January 04, 2019

In 2000, the world population of people over 60 was 600 million and the projection for 2050 is 2,000 million. This means the consequent increase in chronic, degenerative, debilitating and, therefore, the increase in consultations and hospitalizations for this population. It is important that the elderly dependent suffer numerous hospital admissions that may lead to return to his home in different conditions that he entered. It is therefore necessary to emphasize something important for nurses: t...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5823/1510114

Difficulties in Clinical Nursing Education: Views of Nurse Instructors'

Gulten Sucu Dag, Hulya Firat Kilic and Refia Selma Gorgulu

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 03, 2019

The study was conducted to determine the difficulties that nurse instructors' experiences in clinical education. This is a descriptive study. The sample of this study was comprised of 199 nurse academicians. A socio-demographic data collection form and a survey on the difficulties that nurse instructors' experiences in clinical education form was developed by researchers to be used for data collection in an electronic environment. It was determined that the difficulties of nurse instructors' exp...

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