ClinMed International Library

The ClinMed International Library is a repository and an open access publisher for medical research that covers a wide range of areas in Clinical Medicine. ClinMed serves as a global platform for medical practitioners and research scholars to foster their learning and professional acumen through an extensive portfolio of research articles and publications that can be accessed without any restrictions.

Dedicated to clinical medical research, we now publish over 70 quality peer-reviewed journals making all the articles freely accessible. The manuscripts submitted to ClinMed will be processed through standard parameters and international peer review systems. This has enabled us to establish new milestones in the global research arena in terms of cogency and integrity, and to disseminate highly credible and accredited research content for researchers, scholars, and practitioners across the globe.

We ensure that all researchers and authors publishing their papers with us retain copyrights, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License that permits the unrestricted use and re-use of the content with proper citation.

  Last Updated: February 26, 2021

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Articles Published

All articles are fully peer reviewed, free to access and can be downloaded from our ClinMed archive.

Articles Search by   Keyword   |   Journal title   |   Author name   |   DOI

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5831/1510033

Multiobjective Optimal Control of the COVID Virus Outbreak

Lakshmi Sridhar

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 20, 2021

The number of fatalities caused by the COVID virus is not only extremely high but also increasing at an alarming rate. The many strategies that are being used throughout the world, to control the pandemic, are being overwhelmed mercilessly by the global pandemic. In this paper three different optimization strategies are used to determine the best strategy that can minimize the damage. It is also demonstrated that for one value of the number of infected subjects two values of recovered and perish...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2690-3172/1710011

Reversal Training Discloses Gender Differences in a Spatial Memory Task in Humans

Laura Tascón, Irene León, Rubén Fernández and José Manuel Cimadevilla

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 21, 2021

Over the past few years spatial memory has been studied using virtual reality-based tasks. Reversal learning has been widely used in spatial orientation tasks for testing, among other things, new learning and flexibility. By means of a reversal-learning protocol, we assessed spatial memory in men and women. A total of sixty participants (half of them women) performed a task that included two phases: during the acquisition phase participants were asked to find one or three rewarded positions in t...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2690-263X/1710009

Hangover Syndrome: Pathogenesis and Treatment

Razvodovsky YE

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: January 13, 2021

It was shown, that there is a significant gap in the understanding of pathogenesis of HS, which hamper the elaboration of means of metabolic correction of this condition. The target of majority of currently existing means of treatment of HS is one of the pathogenic mechanisms of HS. The effectiveness of majority of currently existing medicine is not supported by the results of clinical trials. The actual task of future research is the detailed investigation of pathogenic mechanisms of HS. This w...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5823/1510152

Stigma Experiences of Psychiatric Nurses and Coping Strategies: A Qualitative Study

Sibel Çaynak, İlkay Keser and İlhan Günbayi

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: January 13, 2021

Individuals with mental disorders have been stigmatized from the past to the present. This situation continues to negatively affect the quality of care and the quality of life by keeping a large number of patients out of seeking appropriate professional help. Individuals with mental disorders are very sensitive to the attitudes of health staff. Negative attitudes of health workers may be an important factor negatively affecting patients' ability to receive needed professional help and the guidan...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3966/1710034

Unjustified Referral of Adult Patients with Hypertensive Crisis from a First Level of Care to the Emergency Department

Rodriguez-Zuñiga Jorge, Garcia-Hernandez Jorge Alfredo, Lopez-Vilchis Lizeth Liliana, Ruiz-Mondragon Alberto and Sanchez-Martinez Fatima Alondra

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: January 23, 2021

Hypertensive crisis is one of the main complications of systemic arterial hypertension, which is defined as severe elevation of blood pressure, with figures of more than 220/130 mmHg, these in turn are divided into urgency and emergency, which occurs when there is damage to a target organ. According to the literature, the majority of hypertensive crises that occur are of an urgency type, reported in up to 80% of cases, the latter do not require a rapid decrease in blood pressure, taking up to 72...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3966/1710033

The Influence of Iterative Reconstruction Technique on the Diagnosis of Coronary Artery Calcification

Ahmed Khamis AlShamakhi, MSc, Rakesh Malhari Jamkhandikar, MD, Yahya Mohammed AlWahshi, MD and Sathiya Murthi Panchatcharam, MSc

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: January 23, 2021

This study was performed in a single center and written informed consent was obtained from all patients. Thirty-one consecutive patients (26 men/5 women) underwent CT calcium score to rule out CAC. Image data were reconstructed with both; filtered back projection (FBP) and different levels of IR algorithms. Both the qualitative and quantitative image quality and subjective diagnostic performance were compared; Agatston scores and calcium density were measured for a total of 100 coronary arteries...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5777/1510086

Maxillofacial Injuries due to Motorcycle Accidents Caused by Stray Animals: An Etiology ‘Kept Out Of Sight’: A Report of 5 Cases

D.S. Thalakiriyawa, BDS, R.M.S.H.B Medawela BDS, W.M.S.N.Weerasinghe BDS, S.A.K.J. Kumara BDS, MS and N.S.S. Jayasuriya BDS, MS

Article Type: Case Series | First Published: December 31, 2020

The oral and maxillofacial region occupies the most prominent position of the human body rendering it vulnerable to injuries quite frequently. These injuries are commonly associated with high morbidity resulting in increased costs of care and varying degrees of physical, functional, and cosmetic disfigurement. Multiple etiologies of oral and maxillofacial trauma include road traffic accidents, falls, assaults, industrial injuries etc. out of which road traffic accidents is the commonest etiology...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4474/1710054

The Efficacy of the Echelon 10 Pre-Shaped Microcatheter for Delivering a Stent in Difficult Conditions

Ryuzaburo Kanazawa, Takanori Uchida, Tetsuhiro Higashida, Yuichi Takahashi, Naoyuki Arai, Hidenori Ohbuchi and Tomoyuki Yoshihara

Article Type: Technical Note | First Published: December 31, 2020

In some endovascular procedures, the insertion of stent delivery catheters (SDCs) is difficult. We demonstrated the efficacy of the Echelon 10 MicroCatheter (90-degree angle; Medtronic, Dublin, Ireland) during such procedures. We used the Echelon 10 MicroCatheter during difficult procedures to navigate SDCs to the distal artery from the aneurysm. The purpose of this was to reduce mechanical stress on the aneurysmal wall. The SDC was inserted by means of an exchange technique with an intermediate...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4053.1510031

Pharyngoplasty in the Treatment of Sleep Apnea: Efficacy of Surgical Techniques

Carlos S Ruggeri, MD and Sebastian López

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 31, 2020

In sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (SAHS) a superior airway collapse can occur in the anteroposterioror lateral direction. The primary or secondary decrease in the tone of the dilating muscles of the pharynx, due to the negative pressure produced by the contraction of the diaphragm cause the collapse. Pharyngoplasty surgical techniques try to improve lateral collapse by repositioning the muscles that constitute the pharyngeal lateral wall, mainly the palatopharyngeal (PP), palatoglossal (PG) and u...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3658/1510185

Antibiotic De-escalation Practice in General Intensive Care Unit Penang General Hospital

Shiao Hui Lim, Chen Chuan Kuai and Chew Har Lim

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 11, 2021

De-escalation of empirical antibiotic therapy according to results of microbiological cultures will effectively target the causative pathogen, besides reducing broad-spectrum antibiotic exposure and minimizing the selection pressure on the development of resistant microorganisms. Primarily, the study aimed to assess the practice of broad-spectrum antibiotic de-escalation in General Intensive Care Unit (GICU). Secondary objectives were to describe the indication of broad-spectrum antibiotics use,...


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