Type II First Branchial Cleft Cyst Presenting as Parotid Mass: A Case Report
Mayand Vakil, MD, Aron Kandinov, MD and Evelyne Kalyoussef, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 03, 2021
Branchial cleft cysts are frequent causes of congenital neck masses-second only to thyroglossal duct cysts. Often asymptomatic, these masses can be missed until adulthood. The branchial apparatus is comprised of 3 parts: Arch, cleft, and pouch; these parts develop into the soft tissue, cartilaginous, and bony structures the mandible and neck. Incomplete obliteration is thought to result in branchial anomalies. First branchial cleft anomalies (FBCA) are quite rare, comprising less than 8% of all ...
Recurrent Anal Abscess in a Young Male Patient with Autosomal- Dominant Hyper IgE Syndrome
Federico Lovisetto, Andrea Guala and Zonta Sandro
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 31, 2021
Here we present the case of a 17-year-old male patient affected by autosomal-dominant Hyper IgE Syndrome (ADHIES) who underwent to incision and drainage of recurrent anterior anal abscess. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case about recurrent perianal infection in autosomal- dominant Hyper IgE Syndrome. Hyper IgE Syndromes (HIES) are a rare primary immunodeficiencies characterized by elevated serum IgE, with an estimated incidence of 1 in 500000 to 1000000 individuals. The HIES are c...
Dyshidrotic Eczema: Difficulty of Etiological Diagnosis and Therapeutic Management
S. Belmourida, M. Meziane, N. Ismaili, L. Benzekri and K. Senouci
Article Type: Image Article | First Published: April 07, 2021
Dyshidrotic eczema or acute palmoplantar eczema is a common cause of hand and foot dermatitis in adults. It is a recurrent vesicular eruption affecting the soles, palms, or both. It is very pruriginous and generally appears suddenly. It creates vesicles that, on physical examination, can look similar to “tapioca pudding”, which is the characteristic clinical feature of this disorder. It is more common in young adults and affects men and women equally. In this report, we present the case of a...
A Human-Pathogen Model for COVID-19 Outbreak: Flattening Epidemic Curve in Kenya
Viona Ojiambo, Mark Kimathi, Samuel Mwalili, Duncan Kioi Gathungu and Rachel Mbogo
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 31, 2020
This work introduces a deterministic model of COVID-19 spread aimed at analyzing non-pharmaceutical interventions in Kenya. The model accounts for symptomatic, asymptomatic and environmental transmission. Using the SEIR (Susceptible-Exposed- Infected-Recovered) compartmental model with additional component of the pathogen, the dynamics of COVID-19 outbreak is simulated while focussing on the impact of different control measures in the reduction of the basic reproduction number. The resulting sys...
A Rare Case of Ovarian Tumor
Gitajali Kumari, Vaishali Taralekar, Suchita Dhabadkar and Jyoti Rathi
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 05, 2021
Ovarian cancer is the third most common cancer in Indian women, accounting for 3% of all malignancies and 6% of deaths from cancer. It is fifth most common cause of death from malignancy in women. Ovarian cancer is associated with low parity and infertility. Because parity is inversely related to the risk of ovarian cancer, having at least one child is protective for the disease, with a risk reduction of 0.3 to 0.4. This case is presented to highlight the varied presentation of ovarian masses an...
A Case of Incarceration of the Gravid Uterus & the Ehlers- Danlos Syndromes with Literature Review
Morgan H Campbell, BS, Adam T Sandlin, MD, Paul J Wendel, MD and M Luann Racher, MD
Article Type: Case Report with Literature Review | First Published: April 05, 2021
Incarceration of the gravid uterus (IGU) poses significant risk for maternal and fetal complications during pregnancy. Several risk factors have been implicated in the development of an incarceration of the gravid uterus; however, the association between IGU and the Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDS) has not been reported. A 28-year-old female at 24 weeks gestational age presented with concern for preterm labor. IGU was diagnosed and she underwent surgical reduction of the incarceration via midline l...
A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Patient with Deep Infiltrating Endometriosis
Ulrich, Amanda, MD, Arabkhazaeli, Moona, MD, Dellacerra, Gary, DO, Malcher, Flavio, MD and Lerner, Veronica, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 05, 2021
Endometriosis is a prevalent condition that affects women’s health-related quality of life worldwide and deep infiltrating endometriosis represents a subset of these patients who are most severely affected. Due to the complex nature of deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) a preoperative suspicion for the condition allows for coordination of a multidisciplinary approach to surgical planning, a key to successful surgical resection. We describe three patient cases to highlight the importance of ...
Serum Glucose, Bilirubin, Liver Enzymes, Renal Parameters, Protein Profile and Some Electrolytes in Adult Male Domestic Rabbits Intoxicated with Chlorpyrifos
Maged M Yassin, Tareq O Adas and Mohammed M Yasin
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: March 05, 2021
Chlorpyrifos is a broad-spectrum chlorinated organophosphate pesticide with a multipurpose use worldwide. However, its use and/or misuse could put a real threat on non-targets including humans and domestic animals. To assess the toxic effect of chlorpyrifos on serum glucose, bilirubin, liver enzymes, renal parameters, protein profile, and some electrolytes in adult male domestic rabbits. The oral LD50 of chlorpyrifos was determined, and then a daily dose of 1/10 LD50 was given orally to rabbits ...
Clinical and Laboratory Profile of Dengue Fever in Elderly Patients Admitted in a Tertiary Hospital from 2013 to 2018
Mary Rose Villalon, MD, FPCP, Miguel Ramos, Jr. MD PhD, FPCP, FPCGM and James Dionisio Tiu, MD, FPCP, FPSMID
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 31, 2021
Philippines is among the top southeast Asian country that is endemic to Dengue Fever based on DOH reported cases - from a reported 152,224 in 2017 to an increase in 216,190 in 2018. Most studies in the country are derived from the pediatric and/or young adult population hence, there is a dearth of data describing our elderly patient with dengue. This is a retrospective observational study of elderly individuals diagnosed with Dengue Fever admitted at St. Luke’s Medical Center, E. Rodriguez, Qu...
Uncontrolled Hypertension and Associated Factors among Hypertensive Adults in Bale Zone Public Hospitals, Ethiopia
Feyissa Lemessa and Miressa Lamessa
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: March 31, 2021
Although blood pressure control has tremendous public health benefit, and has effective treatments, the global rate of uncontrolled blood pressure remains high. In sub-Saharan Africa including Ethiopia uncontrolled blood pressure resulted in a significant morbidity and mortality. Unfortunately, uncontrolled hypertension among adult hypertensive patients remains unclear and has been inadequately studied in Ethiopia, in the study area in particular. This study assessed uncontrolled hypertension an...