ClinMed International Library

The ClinMed International Library is a repository and an open access publisher for medical research that covers a wide range of areas in Clinical Medicine. ClinMed serves as a global platform for medical practitioners and research scholars to foster their learning and professional acumen through an extensive portfolio of research articles and publications that can be accessed without any restrictions.

Dedicated to clinical medical research, we now publish over 70 quality peer-reviewed journals making all the articles freely accessible. The manuscripts submitted to ClinMed will be processed through standard parameters and international peer review systems. This has enabled us to establish new milestones in the global research arena in terms of cogency and integrity, and to disseminate highly credible and accredited research content for researchers, scholars, and practitioners across the globe.

We ensure that all researchers and authors publishing their papers with us retain copyrights, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License that permits the unrestricted use and re-use of the content with proper citation.

  Last Updated: June 17, 2021

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Articles Published

All articles are fully peer reviewed, free to access and can be downloaded from our ClinMed archive.

Articles Search by   Keyword   |   Journal title   |   Author name   |   DOI

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-3634/1410140

Hospital-Acquired Diabetic Ketoacidosis (HADKA) - An Analysis Comparing Two Major Australian Hospitals

Ushank Ranasinghe and Shamasunder Acharya

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: May 10, 2021

We conducted a retrospective study looking at patients over 18 yrs who developed hospital- acquired Diabetic Ketoacidosis (HADKA) in two major hospitals in Hunter New England Health, NSW Australia between 1st July 2014 and 30th June 2018. The data were obtained from patient electronic medical records. The HADKA criteria were pH ≤ 7.3, bicarbonate ≤ 18 mmol/L, and positive ketones (urine or plasma). A subset of patients was defined as ‘inferred HADKA’ when there was no documented ketone l...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-3634/1410139

Magnitude of Diabetic Foot Ulcer and Associated Factors among Diabetic Patients Who Attended Diabetic Follow-up Clinics in Gamo and Gofa Zones, Southern Ethiopia

Asegid Regas, Befikadu Tariku, Esekezaw Agedew and Busera Seman

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: May 03, 2021

The most common and devastating complication of diabetes mellitus that affect the lower extremities among people with diabetes is a diabetic feet ulcer. Diabetic foot ulcer increases develop multiple risk factors like foot infections, prolonged healing time, poor quality of life, gangrene, and lower limb non-traumatic amputations. Worldwide, the incidence and magnitude of diabetic foot ulcer rapidly increase since the diabetes disease dramatically increased and it reached an epidemic level. Howe...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3419/1410151

Assessment of Pivka II as Tumour Marker in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Anuj Parkash, Parul Singla and Ashok Kumar Ahirwar

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 10, 2021

The most commonly used tumor marker in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP). It has been routinely used for monitoring the prognosis of disease, but not for its detection. There is always a quest of new biomarkers for detection of HCC. The present study has been designed to determine the level of prothrombin induced by vitamin K absence-II (PIVKA II) in sera of patients suffering from HCC. The aim of this study is to evaluate the PIVKA II as a biomarker for HCC indepen...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-2951/1410224

Interatrial Block and Intermittent Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Patient Treated with Flecainide

Athanassios Antonopoulos, MD, PhD, FESC and Giulia Ricci Lucchi, MD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 05, 2021

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disorder affecting both upper and lower motor neurons. Cardiovascular consequences related to ALS are relatively under appreciated. Autonomic dysfunction in ALS is common. In fact, patients with ALS often exhibit bulbar dysfunction impacting centrally mediated vagal and sympathetic nerves with resultant greater autonomic dysfunction. The consequences of disruptions in the autonomic reflex loop on the cardiovascular system include chronot...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5696/1410065

Evaluating Bone Mineral Density in Pediatric Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Survivors: A Tertiary Care Hospital Experience

Ersin Toret, Burcu Dural, Yeter Duzenli Kar, Zeynep Canan Ozdemir, Ilknur Ak Sivrikoz and Ozcan Bor

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 30, 2021

Acute leukemias are the most common malignancies seen in children and they account for one third of childhood cancers. Children who survived ALL, experience reduced bone mineral density (BMD) due to the disease, long-lasting glucocorticoid usage, chemotherapy toxicities, nutritional deficiencies and physical immobility. The decreased BMD have determined at all stages of disease. This retrospective cross-sectional study purposes to analyse the results of BMD in children who have completed their A...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5696/1410064

COVID-19 and Aplastic Anemia: Friend or Foe

Mohd Mustahsin, Zeba Siddiqi, Ajay Mishra and Garima Singh

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 28, 2021

Aplastic Anemia is a rare hematological disorder caused by bone marrow failure leading to pancytopenia. These patients are frequently treated with immunosuppressive therapy which may protect them in developing hyper-inflammatory response which is commonly seen in moderate and severe COVID-19 patients. On the other hand these patients are at high risk for infection and infection related complications. Here we are reporting an adult aplastic anemia patient who developed uncomplicated course of COV...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4512/1710056

COVID-19 Cover Pages May Cause Nocebo Effects on Public Health: First Observations on the Connection between Media and Health Data across Cultures

Joachim Grzega

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 10, 2021

Based on the observation that language use can harm health, the paper looks at the public health situation in late 2020 as compared to the situation in spring 2020 - the health situation is mainly defined via A) The weekly deaths 2020; B) The weekly deaths 2020 compared to the 2016-2019 average; C), The death rates measured as weekly z-scores at the national level, and as additional indicators; D) The death rates attributed to COVID-19; E) The intensive care unit days attributed to COVID-19; and...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5823/1510158

Views of Nursing Students Who Have Experienced Caring for Psychiatric Patients on Mental Illness and Stigma: A Phenomenological Study

Ceyda Başoğul, RN, PhD

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 15, 2021

The phenomenological method was used in the study as the qualitative research design. The research was conducted with 23 students who completed the theoretical part of the psychiatric nursing course and its clinical practice in the nursing department of a university in Turkey. The data were collected through individual in-depth interviews and analyzed by content analysis method. In this study, the research efforts were continued until data saturation was achieved, and in this respect, the data s...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4008/1710011

The Importance of Microorganisms and Their Effects on Medicinal Plants and Their Various Applications

Abdlmanam Fakron, Idress Hamad Attitalla, Mohamed Younes A Hassan and Sumeet Dwivedi

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: April 30, 2021

Since photosynthesis is the primary process through which light energy absorbed and converted into organic matter, thus, plant chlorophyll pigment (forms A and B) plays an essential role in the progression absorbed solar energy and synthesis of organic matter in a plant. Therefore, this paper aims at the extent to which the optical activity of chlorophyll molecules monitored and methods (non-destructive and destructive) for quantification of chlorophyll content in plants. These methods using to ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4466/1710033

Management of Uncontrolled Atrial Fibrillation in COVID Patient

Muhammad Zubair Khan, MD, Shaheer Zahid, MD, Sona Franklin, MD, Jamaluddin Saeed, MD, Vincent M Figueredo, MD, Steven Kutalek, MD and James Kilcoyne, DO

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 10, 2021

COVID-19 virus does not directly affect the heart. The virus can cause systematic inflammation that can lead to severe cardiac complications like uncontrolled atrial fibrillation (AF), which carries high mortality among patients. We present a case of an 82-year-old female from nursing home with advanced dementia and multiple comorbidities. She initially screened negative for COVID-19 in the nursing home, however her repeat test was positive. Soon after admission she developed progressive, hypoxi...


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New Issues


International Journal of Clinical Cardiology

ISSN: 2378-2951 | ICV: 89.24

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021


Obstetrics and Gynaecology Cases - Reviews

ISSN: 2377-9004 | ICV: 88.42

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021


Journal of Hypertension and Management

ISSN: 2474-3690 | ICV: 87.69

VOLUME 7 | ISSUE 1 | 2021


International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research

ISSN: 2377-3634 | ICV: 87.97

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021


Journal of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology

ISSN: 2474-3658 | ICV: 91.55

VOLUME 7 | ISSUE 4 | 2021

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Heather Yerdon, BS, Lauren Mutter, MD, Rick Tivis, MPH, Trevor Olsen, PhD and Anna Suessman, DO


A Neural Mobilization Treatment Strategy for Patients with Neurogenic Claudication Related to Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A Prospective Case Series

Reid Gehring, PT, ScD, Joan Potter-Brunet, PT, DPT, Phillip Sizer, PT, PhD, Kerry Gilbert, PT, ScD and Jean-Michel Brismee, PT, ScD


Spontaneous Proximal Tibiofibular Joint Ganglion Cyst as a Rare Cause of Acute Foot Drop: A Case Report

Nirguna Thalla, MD, MBA, W Daniel White, MD, J Taylor Mansfield, DO, Jason M Souza, MD and Matthew E Miller, MD


Flow Related Aneurysm in Hemangioblastoma and Literature Review of Hemorrhagic Rate and Management Strategy

Choo Heng Tan, FRCS, Felicia HZ Chua, MBBS, MRCS and Peter Y wang, FRACS


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