The Opinions of Patients Diagnosed Diabetes on Medical Nutrition Therapy: A Phenomenological Study
Leyla Muslu, Melek Ardahan and Ilhan Gunbayi
Article Type: Qualitative Study | First Published: May 20, 2021
For patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, medical nutrition therapy is one of the most essential components of a healthy life. The aim of this study was to investigate participants’ perceptions of the process of medical nutrition therapy. In this study, a qualitative phenomenological approach was adopted in order to explore in depth the experiences of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus during the medical nutrition therapy process, which is the most important component of diabetes treatme...
Development and Validation of Qualitative and Quantitative Analytical Method for Identification and Analysis of Amphetamines by Gas Chromatography
Esther Ricci Adari Camargo, Rodrigo Martins P.O. da Trindade, André Augusto R. Felgueiras, Marcella Zaim, Mônica Novaes Ferreira, Juliana Weckx Peña Muñoz, Helenice de Souza Spinosa, Lorena de Paula Pantaleon, Paula A. Faria Waziry and André Rinaldi Fukushima
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 22, 2021
During the last few years there has been an increase in consumption of psychostimulants, substances that augment brain activity, in Brazil and around the world. It’s noted that the utilization of these substances involves not only medical need, but also recreational purposes, being the latter identified as indication of substance abuse. Among these stimulants, there are anorexigenics, such as amphetamines and derivatives. Amphetamines are drugs that stimulate the central nervous system, capabl...
Spontaneous Proximal Tibiofibular Joint Ganglion Cyst as a Rare Cause of Acute Foot Drop: A Case Report
Nirguna Thalla, MD, MBA, W Daniel White, MD, J Taylor Mansfield, DO, Jason M Souza, MD and Matthew E Miller, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 10, 2021
Fibular neuropathy has several well understood causes. An extraneural ganglion cyst is a poorly understood cause of this clinically important neuromuscular condition. We report a case of a 50-year-old male who developed acute foot drop caused by a compressive ganglion cyst infiltrating the common fibular nerve at the proximal tibiofibular joint. Intraneural ganglion cysts or synovial cysts development affecting the deep fibular nerve has been reported in the literature. To our knowledge, an extr...
Seropositive Prevalence of Antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 in Rural Harnett County, North Carolina
Anita Subramanian, MD, Gualberto B Morco VI OMS IV, Piper Olmsted DO, Qinfeng (Sarah) Liu, PhD and Asif Zia MD, MPH, FACP
Article Type: Epidemiological Survey | First Published: May 03, 2021
Reported infections of SARS-CoV-2 likely underestimate the prevalence of infection in affected communities. Seroprevalence studies allow us to understand how the virus is spreading through this local community and help us to identify people with previous infections known or unknown. This study is an epidemiologic survey to evaluate seroprevalence data in a rural community. Participants were tested between September 2020 to March 2021 using a Biohit SARS-CoV-2 IgM/IgG quick test. The positive fin...
Clinical Efficacy of Ceftaroline Fosamil in Patients with Severe Pneumonia in Intensive Care Unit
María José Pérez-Pedrero Sánchez-Belmonte, Marcelino Sánchez Casado, Roman Hervey Piza Pinilla, Marta Fernández Arevalo and Maria José Sánchez Carretero
Article Type: Clinical Study | First Published: April 24, 2021
Severe community acquired pneumonia is entity with high mortality, it needs effective and early antibiotic therapy, and often the patients need admission in intensive care unit to receive respiratory support. Appearance of new antibiotics have been expanding the therapeutic efficacy, that approves of Ceftaroline fosamil to treat community acquired pneumonia have allowed to use it as a part of usual therapeutic arsenal and it have shown an earlier clinic response and higher cure rate. The goal of...
Factors Associated with Severe COVID-19 in an Epidemic Treatment Center at Dakar
Moustapha Diop, Papa Samba Ba, Moustapha Lo, Ndong Essomba, Betty Fall, Mathilde Ndèye Sarr, Mouhamadou Ndiaye, Bruce Wembulua, Fatou Kiné Mbaye Soumah, Ndèye Aissatou Lakhe, Becaye Fall, Abdourahmane Niang, Khardiata Diallo Mbaye, Louise Fortes Degenonvo, Ousmane Faye, Ndongo Dia, Abdou Rajack Ndiaye, Moussa Seydi, Amadou Alpha Sall and Mame Thierno Dieng
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 23, 2021
Coronavirus infectious disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a global public health issue due to a new coronavirus called severe acute respiratory syndrome virus 2 (SARS-Cov-2). It is a very contagious infectious disease with often benign symptoms. However, some patients present with severe clinical signs and are more at risk to die. The aim of this study was to assess the factors associated with severe COVID-19 in an Epidemic Treatment Center (ETC) at Dakar, Senegal. We conducted a prospective de...
Association of Calculated Area under the Curve or Cyclosporine C0 and C2 Level Monitoring in Pediatric Renal Transplant Patients
Kaan Savas Gulleroglu, Esra Baskin, Aydincan Akdur, Gokhan Moray and Mehmet Haberal
Article Type: Research Paper | First Published: April 24, 2021
Cyclosporine A (CsA) is highly variable pharmacokinetically and has a narrow therapeutic window; the serum level of patients treated with CsA must be monitored carefully. We investigated the trough and second-hour serum levels of CsA, the calculated area under the curve (AUC), and their association of those factors with chronic allograft dysfunction in pediatric patients. Fifteen renal allograft recipients (8 boys and 7 girls; mean age, 15.2 ± 3.5 years) who were undergoing treatment with cyclo...
A Neural Mobilization Treatment Strategy for Patients with Neurogenic Claudication Related to Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A Prospective Case Series
Reid Gehring, PT, ScD, Joan Potter-Brunet, PT, DPT, Phillip Sizer, PT, PhD, Kerry Gilbert, PT, ScD and Jean-Michel Brismée, PT, ScD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 03, 2021
mobilization treatment strategy in patients with Neurogenic Claudication (NC) related to degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis (LSS). Prospective case series. Seven older adults with NC related to LSS received a standardized treatment program. Outcome measures included the Swiss Spinal Stenosis questionnaire (SSS), Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS), time to First Symptoms (TFS) and Total Ambulation Time (TAT). Outcomes were assessed at the 7th visit and 3-months. Improvements were noted at the 7th...
Mycophenolate Adverse Effect Masquerading as Extensive Pneumatosis Intestinalis (PI) after Lung Transplantation
Fahid Alghanim, MD, Janaki Deepak, MBBS, Aldo Iacono, MD and Irina Timofte, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 13, 2021
Pneumatosis Intestinalis (PI) is a rare post lung transplant complication which is characterized by the presence of gas within the wall of the small and large intestine. PI in lung transplant recipients has been previously described and is associated with disease of varying clinical trajectories. Here we describe a case of PI in a lung transplant recipient that was attributed to immunosuppression with Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) as evidenced by the presence of increased crypt epithelial apoptosi...
The Mysterious Case of Missing Food from the Fridge: Sleep Eating on a Combination of Melatonin and Eszopiclone
Leilani Hernandez, MPH and Himanshu Agrawal, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 13, 2021
Here we present a case of SRED induced by addition of melatonin to eszopiclone. For this patient, melatonin time release 3 mg was added to eszopiclone 3 mg at night for treatment of insomnia. He reported taking the melatonin for two nights and both mornings he found evidence that he had been up at night eating with no memory of it. He stopped the melatonin after these two nights and his sleep eating immediately resolved. Notably, he continued taking the eszopiclone after melatonin discontinuatio...