Antibody Development through SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Vaccination in India
Arjun Ghosh, Kaushik Saha, Amal Das, Suchandan Bhattacharjee, Arijit Pani, Gostha Gopal Shee, Piyali Ray, Dipak Singh, Soumika Biswas, Somnath Murmu, Subhasish Dutta, Anuleena Dasgupta, Anushka Ghosh, Suborno Jati, Dhrubajyoti Chattopadhyay, Malini Sen and Gourisankar Ghosh
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 19, 2021
In this study, we examined the spread of SARS-CoV-2 infection and the dose-dependent efficacy of the COVID-19 vaccine Covishield (Oxford/AstraZeneca). During the period between December 2020 and February 2021, we tested the level of natural infection among individuals by estimating the reactivity of their sera towards SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) and nucleoprotein (N) proteins. The seropositivity of the population in different communities ranged from 17% to 51%, depending on their connectivity to the ne...
Lessons from the Past: Methodological Issues Arising from Comparison of the Disease Burden of the Influenza A (H1N1) Pandemic 2009-10 and Seasonal Influenza 2010-2019 in the United States
James A Koziol, Ph.D. and Jan E Schnitzer, M.D.
Article Type: Brief Report | First Published: July 19, 2021
Annual influenza outbreaks constitute a major public health concern, both in the United States and worldwide. Comparisons of the health burdens of outbreaks might lead to the identification of specific at-risk populations, for whom public health resources should be marshaled appropriately and equitably. We examined the disease burden of the 2009-10 influenza A (H1N1) pandemic relating to illnesses, medical visits, hospitalizations, and mortality, compared to influenza seasons 2010 to 2019, in th...
Emerging Strain (H5N8) of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus: An Impending Pandemic Threat
Yusuf Amuda Tajudeen, Nimat Toyosi Ajide-Bamigboye and Iyiola Olatunji Oladunjoye
Article Type: Commentary | First Published: July 19, 2021
The rapid evolution and spread of the highly pathogenic avian influenza HPAI A(H5N1) viruses is a global threat not only to poultry farming and wildlife conservation but also to the public health communities as a result of the animalhuman (zoonosis) cases of its genetic reassortant (H5N8) recently detected in seven poultry workers in Russia. However, considering the increased fatalities in poultry and wild birds, and the potential of zoonosis in escalating to a deadly pandemic, there is a need f...
COVID-19: Experience of the Epidemic Treatment Center in Ziguinchor, Southern Region of Senegal
Kalilou Diallo, Mame Aissé Thioubou, Bruce Shinga Wembulua, Yaya Kane, Mame Ngoné Coly, Abdou Badiane, Simon Joel Manga, Denis Barboza, Habib Sarr, Mamadou Cherif Aidara, Ansoumana Diatta and Noel Magloire Manga
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 15, 2021
The 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) started in December 2019 in China and has become few months later, a public health emergency of international concern, then became a pandemic. In Senegal, the first cases were declared in March 2020. The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of the disease in Ziguinchor, southern region of Senegal and to identify the factors associated with the death of the cases. Descriptive and analytical cross-sectional s...
The Impact of Age, Sex, and Race on the Association of Risk Factors and Mortality in COVID-19 Patients
Sadie Solomon, BS, Sarah Hochman, MD, Rahayma Sheikh, BA, Jennifer Lighter, MD, Michael Phillips, MD and Anna Stachel, PhD, MPH
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 30, 2021
Several comorbidities and demographic factors are associated with mortality in Covid-19 patients. However, limited analysis exists of interactions between comorbidities and demographics for Covid-19 outcomes. Retrospective analysis of adult patients with laboratory-confirmed Covid-19 from March 3rd - May 31st 2020 at NYU Langone Health. Patients selected had visited emergency departments, outpatient testing clinics, or were discharged from an inpatient location as of May 31st 2020. We assessed t...
Knowledge, Attitude and Lifestyle Practices Pertaining to Hypertension among the People of Ahoe-Ho
Bernard Sefah, Addison Onyame, Christopher Ankrah, Patrick Tetteh Adjetey and Mavis Deladem Nutornutsi
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 28, 2021
Hypertension has been on high prevalence recently in developing countries of which Ghana is of no exception. Over the period, hypertension education has mostly been geared towards people who already have been diagnosed of the condition leaving most of the general population in the dark. This untargeted portion of the population tend to predispose themselves to the condition as they ignorantly involved themselves in high-risk activities. A cross-sectional descriptive research design was adopted t...
Do Age Perception and Network Externalities Help to Explain the Age-Based Digital Divide?
Carol C McDonough, PhD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 21, 2021
Older adults as a group, globally, have a significantly lower rate of internet use than the overall population. Concerns about this age-based digital divide have increased because of the COVID pandemic, since tele-health has been an effective method of delivering medical care to older adults. This study examines the effects of age perception and network externalities on the internet use decision of ablebodied older adults. Data were obtained by in-person interviews of older adults at senior cent...
Unusual Presentation of an Access-Induced Steal Syndrome in a Chronic Hemodialysis Patient
Klaus Fuerste, Friederike Kessler and Rolf Dario Frank
Article Type: Clinical Image | First Published: June 28, 2021
A 77-year-old male presented to our hospital with a two week history of worsening ulcerations on the dorsum of his left hand (Figure 1a). No deficit in sensory or motor function was detected. The patient suffered from end-stage renal disease and was treated with hemodialysis via a tunnelled catheter in the right jugular vein. Five months before, a left brachiobasilic arteriovenous fistula (AVF) had been created. At presentation, the blood flow in the left brachial artery was 900 ml per minute. P...
Imbalances Caused by SARS-CoV-2 during Pregnancy: Considerations for Long-Term Obstetric and Gynecological Care
Joao Victor Farias da Silva, MSc and Valdeci Elias dos Santos Jr, PhD
Article Type: Commentary | First Published: June 30, 2021
SARS-CoV-2, responsible for the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2 and the current pandemic, is one of seven species of coronavirus that infect humans and is among the three that are potentially fatal. Its pathophysiology, although not fully understood, has been characterized by causing immunological imbalance, inflammatory storm, tissue damage with pulmonary impairment and potential dysfunction of multiple organs and disorders in the coagulation system. Even after the ...
Level of Awareness on Menstrual Health among University Students in Mauritius
Azraa Jadwat, Uzma Bibi Bassa, Anastachia Rungusumy and Mahesh Shumsher Rughooputh
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 30, 2021
Menstruation is an important constituent of a female’s reproductive health and wellbeing. With the ease of access to information on the web and modern culture and practiced norms, the biopsychosocial aspects of menstrual health are changing. The objective of this study is to know the level of awareness of menstrual health among university students based in Mauritius and identify aspects that could be addressed to promote menstrual health. A randomized sample of 658 students (507 females, 151 m...