Decompressive Surgery for Craniovertebral Foramen Magnum Stenosis with Medullary Compression in Paediatric Skeletal Dysplasia Syndromes
Cristiano Antunes, Paulo Pereira, Daniela Alves, Rui Vaz and Josue Pereira
Article Type: Case Reports and Case Series | First Published: July 23, 2021
More than 450 skeletal dysplasias have been described including Achondroplasia. Due to defective ossification of the occipital bone and upper cervical spine, neural structures may be compressed, causing increased morbidity/mortality during childhood, mainly from sleep apnoea and other respiration abnormalities, myelopathy, syringomyelia, hydrocephalus, and even sudden infant death. This highlights the importance of early and effective treatment of craniovertebral stenosis in infants with skeleta...
The Relationship between Reoperative Prognostic Nutritional Index Levels and Risk of In-Stent Restenosis following Cerebrovascular Bare-Metal Stent Implantation
Qiang Fang, Yun Yang, Jiajun Wei, Ligen Fan, Zhuoxi Xie, Zhouming Zhu and Hao li
Article Type: Clinical Research | First Published: May 27, 2021
In-stent restenosis (ISR) is a key parameter influencing long-term stent use in patients that have undergone cerebrovascular stent implantation, and it additionally impacts surgical treatment outcomes. Inflammation is a key driver of ISR incidence, To date, however, no studies have evaluated the relationship between ISR and prognostic nutritional index (PNI), which is based upon lymphocyte counts and serum albumin levels and is closely linked with inflammatory activity. In this study, we therefo...
Magnitude of Overweight, Obesity and Associated Factors among Middle Aged Urban Residents of West Ethiopia
Alemu Adeba, Dessalegn Tamiru and Tefera Belachew
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: July 28, 2021
Obesity becomes the major public health problem worldwide and unhealthy lifestyles are the most risk factors of it. People wrongly perceive central obesity as an indicator of wealth group in western Ethiopian; however it is a midfielder for cardio-metabolism disorders. Thus, study aimed to assess the prevalence of overweight, obesity and associated factors among middle aged urban residents of west Ethiopia. A community based cross sectional study was applied. Data was collected from 266 particip...
Acute Hip Pain: Calcium Pyrophosphate Crystal (CPPD) Iliopsoas Bursitis
Torrente-Segarra V, Bonet M, Fuentes I and Mateo L
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 29, 2021
We describe a 78-year-old daily hiker woman with no previous significant clinical records presented with a history of acute hip pain, limping, with no previous trauma. Clinical examination showed inability to extend lower left limb, intense pain at hip mobilization with intense limitation of hip range of motion. X-Ray showed severe coxofemoral osteoarthritis with typical CPPD calcification (Figure 1B) and radiocarpal joint calcification (Figure 1C), Ultrasonography revealed both a large hypo-ech...
Nailfold Capillaroscopy by Digital Microscope in a Guatemalan Population with Systemic Sclerosis
Luis Adolfo Kramer, Juan Pablo Araica, Yeny Maldonado, Marvin Bustamante, Idania Escalante, Alex Lopez and Abraham García Kutzbach
Article Type: Analytical Cross-Sectional Study | First Published: July 28, 2021
The aim of this study is to determine the usefulness of the low-price digital microscope in the identification of vascular changes in the nail bed of patients with systemic sclerosis and its relationship with autoantibodies involved. Nailfold capillaroscopy (NFC) was performed with a digital microscope at 40x, 200x magnification in 12 patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), of which seven are limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis (lcSS), five are diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSS) and tw...
Relationships among Psychological Impairment, Pain Severity and Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders among Hospital Maintenance Engineers in a Nigerian Tertiary Hospital
Adekola B Ademoyegun, Chidozie E Mbada, Oluwatobi A Sonuga, Babatunde Y Adewuyi, Ishanosen A Aghedo, Timothy A Ojo, Mistura I Olaoye, Haruna Moda and Francis Fatoye
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 28, 2021
Hospital maintenance engineers are heterogeneous group of workers responsible for a wide variety of duties including maintaining equipment, heaters, refrigerators, air-conditioners and ventilation systems, and they are susceptible to adverse health hazards. This study was aimed to characterize and correlate psychological impairment, pain severity and Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WMSDs) among hospital maintenance engineers in a Nigerian tertiary hospital. A total of 111 (76.6% response...
Retrospective Evaluation of Post-Hip Arthroplasty and Knee Infections: Frequency, Associated Risk Factors and Developments
Maria Letícia Braga, Juliana Fulgêncio Henriques, Marco Antônio Percope de Almeida, Soraya de Almeida Sanches, Roberta Maia de Castro Romanelli, Paulo Henrique Mourão and Wanessa Trindade Clemente
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 28, 2021
The related infection to the orthopedic prosthesis implant is the main cause of faults or failures associated with arthroplasties and include aseptic loosening, dislocation, prosthesis or bone fracture. These infections are difficult to eradicate and persist until the removal of the foreign body. The objective of this work is to make a descriptive analysis of cases of primary arthroplasty of the hip and knee and the possible risk factors associated with surgical site infection (SSI). This is a c...
Prevalence, Demographic, Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes of Elderly Patients with Community Acquired Pneumonia Admitted in a Tertiary Medical Center: A Retrospective Cohort Study
Shirley Paz B Bernal, MD, Joel Santiaguel, MD and Adolf Lim-Teodoro, MD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 23, 2021
To determine the prevalence, demographic data, clinical characteristics, microbiologic profile, clinical outcomes and risk factors of mortality among elderly with Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP). This study was a retrospective cohort analysis utilizing data from January to December of 2018 among 159 elderly patients admitted with CAP in a tertiary hospital in the Philippines. Demographics, clinical characteristics, microbiologic profile was assessed using percentage and frequency. Chi-square ...
Educational Diabetic Care Program: Clinical and Biochemical Evaluation One Year after the End of the Program
Mario Alberto Gonzalez-Ballesteros, Patricia Teresa Reyes-Gabino, Juan Carlos Espinoza-Rodriguez, Maria Valeria Jimenez-Baez and Luis Sandoval-Jurado
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 30, 2021
Diabetes mellitus is a global public health problem, millions of deaths per year are directly related to this condition and it is the fourth leading cause of death from disease. The increase in causes for type 2 diabetes reflects a lifestyle adopted by people and without referred prevention strategies therefore constitute a priority objective of therapeutic and educational interventions. To evaluate the clinical and biochemical parameters in the patients of the diabetic patient care program at t...
COVID-19 Can Exacerbate Pattern Hair Loss and Trigger Telogen Effluvium – The Role of Proteoglycan Replacement Therapy with Nourkrin® in Clinical Treatment of COVID-19 Associated Hair Loss
Aida Gadzhigoroeva, Daniela Guzman Sanchez, Alireza Firooz, Hamideh Moravvej, Nelly Espinoza, Yulia Romanova, Hugo Vicente Martínez Suárez, Marcela Mattos Simoes and Nikolay N Potekaev
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: July 26, 2021
The unfolding coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has increased the incidence of several dermatological disorders, including diffuse hair loss. Research revealed an escalated incidence of pattern hair loss (PHL) and telogen effluvium (TE) in COVID-19 patients. Psychological stress, systemic inflammation and oxidative stress are potential culprits. Reduced anagenic expression of proteoglycans is a potential mediating mechanism that connects hair loss to critical health conditions such as COVID-19...