Craniofacial Fibrous Dysplasia of the Mandible: A Case Report and Literature Review
Nicolás Yáñez, Maximiliano Bravo and Francisco Javier Pinedo
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 05, 2021
A 47-years-old female patient was referred to our unit due to an incidental radiographic finding of a mixed radiolucent-radiopaque lesion in the right mandible ramus. Complementary blood tests, an updated panoramic radiography and a cone beam computed tomography were performed. The incisional biopsy’s histopathological report described a craniofacial monostotic fibrous dysplasia of the mandible. The fibrous dysplasia is a low prevalence fibroosseous lesion that can affect one or more bones, ca...
Management of Severe Traumatic Brain Injury in Children by Decompressive Craniectomy: Technical Note and Therapy Concepts
Hejazi N, MD and Al-Kassab M, MD
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: July 28, 2021
The goal of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic role of decompressive craniectomy for severe brain injury in children. Between 1993 and 2020 we treated 37 children with severe brain injury (Glasgow Coma Scores lower than 8) and primary intracranial pressure of 30 mmHg or higher. In all cases follow up data could be obtained. Mean age was 6.5 years (range 2 years - 16 years). Initial computerized tomography scans of all patients demonstrated diffuse brain injury with generalized brain swel...
Resolution of Posterior Fossa Extradural Haematoma by Conservative Treatment: A Case Report
Krishan Kumar Sharma and Asgar Ali
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 28, 2021
Surgical intervention in posterior fossa extradural haematoma (PFEDH) carries very good results. But there are no defined indications for surgical evacuation when patient is asymptomatic and normal neurologically, even in the guidelines for surgical management of traumatic brain injury by ‘the brain trauma foundation & the congress of neurological surgeons’. Haematoma volume > 10 ml, haematoma thickness > 15 mm, perimesencephalic cisterns obliteration, fourth ventricle displacement and hydro...
Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of General Practitioners Regarding Ear Infections in Lomé (Togo)
Winga Foma, Essobozou Pegbessou, Warou Dolou, Mèhèza Bamassi, Bathokedeou Amana and Essohanam Boko
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: August 07, 2021
This paper describes how Togolese general practitioners deal withear infections by assessing their level of knowledge about the disease. Furthermore, this research work identifies their attitudes and practices regarding presumptive symptoms of ear infections. This study was conducted in the municipality of Greater Lomé, the capital of Togo. It was a cross-sectional study with a descriptive aim which took place over a period of six (06) months using a questionnaire filled in the presence of the ...
Acetabular Fracture Involving the Quadrilateral Surface in the Elderly Treated with Supra-Pectineal Buttress Plate: A Center Experience
Henrique Sousa, João Dinis, Pedro Seabra, José Ricardo Oliveira, André Sarmento, David Sá and Rui Lemos
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 13, 2021
Due to their osteopenic bone, specific fracture patterns involving the quadrilateral plate are very frequent in acetabular fractures in elderly patients. This has led to a growth in the use of both anterior intrapelvic (modified Stoppa) approach and infra and supra-pectineal quadrilateral buttress plates was seen in recent years. All cases of acetabular fractures of patients aged > 65 treated with supra-pectineal quadrilateral buttress plate between 2015-2020 were retrospectively reviewed. Letou...
Differences in Myofascial Trigger Points and Algometry in Craniocervical Muscles among Children with and without Headache: A Comparative Study
Raquel Vega-Plá, Aitziber Rubio-Aramendi, Silvia Cardiel-Sanchéz, Isabel Albarova-Corral, Sara Cabanillas-Barea and Miguel Malo-Urriés
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 13, 2021
Headache is the most frequent neurological symptoms in children. The relationship between craniocervical muscles and headache has been studied in adults, however, studies in children are limited. The present study aimed to examine and compare the presence of active and latent myofascial triggers points in head, neck, and shoulder muscles and pain pressure thresholds in children with headache and healthy controls. A comparative study with non experimental design was conducted. A total of 126 par...
Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Blood Transfusion in Nigeria: Efforts and Challenges
Innocent Tidisha Lawrence, Faiva Edward, Matthew Michael Ijarafu, Sanusi Muhammad Salisu, Adeniyi Dada, Suleiman Muhammad Gidado, Gregory Lawrence Ijafu, Dauda Ayuba and Don Eliseo Lucero-Prisno
Article Type: Commentary | First Published: August 06, 2021
The deadly Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), caused the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, which resulted in major disruption in the global health care system at all levels. Nigeria with an increasing population and worsened health indices has been affected massively in every sphere of life including health and economy. This research, the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on blood transfusion in Nigeria, has been able to look at the status of blood transfusion in Nigeria pre COVID-...
NEUROCOV/PSYCCOV: Neuropsychiatric Phenomena in COVID-19 - Exposing Their Hidden Essence and Warning against Iatrogenesis
Luiz Gonzaga Francisco de Assis Barros D’Elia Zanella, MD
Article Type: Hypotheses/Review | First Published: August 06, 2021
This article is a small review with a hypothesis to be considered, focusing on neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPSs) in COVID-19 patients. Almost 2 years passed by of dealing with COVID-19 patients it is undeniable how patients suffer from continuous pain and how it lasts a long time to return to the previous neurologic status they had before infection; they have been admitted at the hospital with psychiatric symptoms or neurological symptoms without a historical morbid past these before, and soon th...
Prognostic Factors for Viral Hepatitis B in Oran: Prediction with Cox Model
Lakhdar Zemour, Amina Belghitri, Nassima Amani, Lynda Mallem and Nori Midoun
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: August 04, 2021
Viral hepatitis B is a major public health problem worldwide. Their magnitude stems from their frequency and their short- and long-term health impact due to their evolutionary potential and therefore their complications. The objective of our work is to establish the epidemiological profile of viral hepatitis B in western Algeria and to identify the main prognostic factors associated with the progression of liver fibrosis. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in Western Algeria. I...
A Case of Heidenhain Variant of Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Mimicking A Charles Bonnet Syndrome
Gala Prado-Miranda, MD and Alonso Alvarado-Bolaños, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 13, 2021
Hallucinations are common in different clinical disorders associated with older age. The differential diagnosis of new onset complex visual hallucinations is vast. A case is reported of a 70-year-old man who presented with visual impairment attributed to retinopathy, that then developed complex visual hallucinations. Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) was initially diagnosed. Throughout the course if his disease, he developed rapidly progressive dementia associated with myoclonus and pyramidal signs....