ClinMed International Library

The ClinMed International Library is a repository and an open access publisher for medical research that covers a wide range of areas in Clinical Medicine. ClinMed serves as a global platform for medical practitioners and research scholars to foster their learning and professional acumen through an extensive portfolio of research articles and publications that can be accessed without any restrictions.

Dedicated to clinical medical research, we now publish over 70 quality peer-reviewed journals making all the articles freely accessible. The manuscripts submitted to ClinMed will be processed through standard parameters and international peer review systems. This has enabled us to establish new milestones in the global research arena in terms of cogency and integrity, and to disseminate highly credible and accredited research content for researchers, scholars, and practitioners across the globe.

We ensure that all researchers and authors publishing their papers with us retain copyrights, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License that permits the unrestricted use and re-use of the content with proper citation.



  Last Updated: December 03, 2021

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All articles are fully peer reviewed, free to access and can be downloaded from our ClinMed archive.

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 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-4630/1410122

Spinal Anesthesia: Much More Than Single Shot of Hyperbaric Bupivacaine

Luiz Eduardo Imbelloni, MD, PhD, Marildo A Gouveia, MD, Nathália Maluf Ghorayeb, MD, and Sylvio Valença de Lemos Neto, MD, PhD, MBA

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 11, 2021

There is significant and renewed attentiveness in the use of regional anesthesia techniques for many common surgeries. The vast majority of anesthesiologists world wide use the routinely the hyperbaric solution of bupivacaine for almost all types of surgery. However, they ignore that spinal anesthesia has more to offer. A different kind of technique for a different kind of patients. The understanding of spinal anesthesia in relation to sensory and motor blocks with hyperbaric and isobaric soluti...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5777/1510091

Olecranon Fractures - Review of Treatment and Complications

Henrique Sousa, Ricardo Oliveira, Moisés Ventura, Renato Ramos, Rita Grazina and Andreia Ferreira

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: July 25, 2021

Olecranon fractures are common upper extremity fractures usually subject to surgical fixation. Several options exist for olecranon fracture treatment, tension band, plating, intramedullary nail and fragment excision with triceps advancement are the most used but no technique is suitable for the management of all olecranon fractures and each one is associated with more or less prevalence of the most common complications, namely loss of motion, nonunion, malunion, infection, wound dehiscence, inst...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710052

Intra-Oral Incision in Facial Cellulitis without Fluctuation: A Case Report

Sarah Arafat, M.Sc, Mona Abdel Aziz, M.Sc, Heba A Shawky, PhD and Ahmed M Salloum, MD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 29, 2021

A 14-years-old girl was admitted to the emergency department of Alexandria university hospital, suffering from facial cellulitis, closing her left eye, without fluctuation trismus, dysphagia and fever for 2 days. It was assumed by the physicians who examined her that the cause of facial cellulitis is ophthalmic infection, and was given antibiotic therapy and eye-drops for 3 days with no improvement (Figure 1). Then, the patient was referred for maxillofacial consultation. By taking history, ther...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4555/1710016

A Case of Chronic Hypertension with Superimposed Preeclampsia in Hypertensive Emergency

Gitanjali Kumari, Vaishali Taralekar, Aniket Kakade, Jyoti Rathi and Naval Dudum

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 30, 2021

Preeclampsia is defined as BP > 140/90 mmHg on 2 occasions 4-6 hours apart, which occurs in pregnancy after 20th week of period of gestation, which involves multi organ system. Hypertensive emergency is a spectrum of Preeclampsia which is an acute crisis. We present a case, from our clinic, of a pregnant woman who was referred here with Hypertensive emergency, she was a known case of chronic hypertension with superimposed preeclampsia in hypertensive emergency, and was managed effectively with A...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-9004/1410208

A Suspected Ovarian Cancer in a Postmenopausal Woman That Turned Out to Be a Broad Ligament Leiomyoma with Extensive Hydropic Degeneration

Thoshya Polepalle, Navindi Hasara Fernandopulle and Jaydip Raut

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 26, 2021

Leiomyomas affect 30% of all women of reproductive age. They can be of uterine or extrauterine origin. Broad ligament leiomyomas are a type of extrauterine leiomyomas, its incidence comprising less than 1%. It can undergo degenerative changes. Extensive hydropic degeneration is a rare occurrence and is commonly reported in association with pregnancy. It is a close mimic of malignancy due to its rapid growth and atypical imaging appearances 3 which can lead to diagnostic challenges. We present a ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4474/1710073

Decompressive Surgery for Craniovertebral Foramen Magnum Stenosis with Medullary Compression in Paediatric Skeletal Dysplasia Syndromes

Cristiano Antunes, Paulo Pereira, Daniela Alves, Rui Vaz and Josue Pereira

Article Type: Case Reports and Case Series | First Published: July 23, 2021

More than 450 skeletal dysplasias have been described including Achondroplasia. Due to defective ossification of the occipital bone and upper cervical spine, neural structures may be compressed, causing increased morbidity/mortality during childhood, mainly from sleep apnoea and other respiration abnormalities, myelopathy, syringomyelia, hydrocephalus, and even sudden infant death. This highlights the importance of early and effective treatment of craniovertebral stenosis in infants with skeleta...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4474/1710067

The Relationship between Reoperative Prognostic Nutritional Index Levels and Risk of In-Stent Restenosis following Cerebrovascular Bare-Metal Stent Implantation

Qiang Fang, Yun Yang, Jiajun Wei, Ligen Fan, Zhuoxi Xie, Zhouming Zhu and Hao li

Article Type: Clinical Research | First Published: May 27, 2021

In-stent restenosis (ISR) is a key parameter influencing long-term stent use in patients that have undergone cerebrovascular stent implantation, and it additionally impacts surgical treatment outcomes. Inflammation is a key driver of ISR incidence, To date, however, no studies have evaluated the relationship between ISR and prognostic nutritional index (PNI), which is based upon lymphocyte counts and serum albumin levels and is closely linked with inflammatory activity. In this study, we therefo...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510041

Magnitude of Overweight, Obesity and Associated Factors among Middle Aged Urban Residents of West Ethiopia

Alemu Adeba, Dessalegn Tamiru and Tefera Belachew

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: July 28, 2021

Obesity becomes the major public health problem worldwide and unhealthy lifestyles are the most risk factors of it. People wrongly perceive central obesity as an indicator of wealth group in western Ethiopian; however it is a midfielder for cardio-metabolism disorders. Thus, study aimed to assess the prevalence of overweight, obesity and associated factors among middle aged urban residents of west Ethiopia. A community based cross sectional study was applied. Data was collected from 266 particip...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3243.1510102

Acute Hip Pain: Calcium Pyrophosphate Crystal (CPPD) Iliopsoas Bursitis

Torrente-Segarra V, Bonet M, Fuentes I and Mateo L

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 29, 2021

We describe a 78-year-old daily hiker woman with no previous significant clinical records presented with a history of acute hip pain, limping, with no previous trauma. Clinical examination showed inability to extend lower left limb, intense pain at hip mobilization with intense limitation of hip range of motion. X-Ray showed severe coxofemoral osteoarthritis with typical CPPD calcification (Figure 1B) and radiocarpal joint calcification (Figure 1C), Ultrasonography revealed both a large hypo-ech...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3243.1510101

Nailfold Capillaroscopy by Digital Microscope in a Guatemalan Population with Systemic Sclerosis

Luis Adolfo Kramer, Juan Pablo Araica, Yeny Maldonado, Marvin Bustamante, Idania Escalante, Alex Lopez and Abraham García Kutzbach

Article Type: Analytical Cross-Sectional Study | First Published: July 28, 2021

The aim of this study is to determine the usefulness of the low-price digital microscope in the identification of vascular changes in the nail bed of patients with systemic sclerosis and its relationship with autoantibodies involved. Nailfold capillaroscopy (NFC) was performed with a digital microscope at 40x, 200x magnification in 12 patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), of which seven are limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis (lcSS), five are diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSS) and tw...

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New Issues

VOLUME 8, ISSUE 2

International Journal of Clinical Cardiology

ISSN: 2378-2951 | ICV: 89.24

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021

VOLUME 8, ISSUE 2

Obstetrics and Gynaecology Cases - Reviews

ISSN: 2377-9004 | ICV: 88.42

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021

VOLUME 7, ISSUE 1

Journal of Hypertension and Management

ISSN: 2474-3690 | ICV: 87.69

VOLUME 7 | ISSUE 1 | 2021

VOLUME 8, ISSUE 2

International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research

ISSN: 2377-3634 | ICV: 87.97

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021

VOLUME 7, ISSUE 4

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology

ISSN: 2474-3658 | ICV: 91.55

VOLUME 7 | ISSUE 4 | 2021

Featured Articles

Clinical Characteristics of Suspected COVID-19 in Pediatric Patients

Heather Yerdon, BS, Lauren Mutter, MD, Rick Tivis, MPH, Trevor Olsen, PhD and Anna Suessman, DO

DOI:10.23937/2474-3674/1510121



A Neural Mobilization Treatment Strategy for Patients with Neurogenic Claudication Related to Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A Prospective Case Series

Reid Gehring, PT, ScD, Joan Potter-Brunet, PT, DPT, Phillip Sizer, PT, PhD, Kerry Gilbert, PT, ScD and Jean-Michel Brismee, PT, ScD

DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510191



Spontaneous Proximal Tibiofibular Joint Ganglion Cyst as a Rare Cause of Acute Foot Drop: A Case Report

Nirguna Thalla, MD, MBA, W Daniel White, MD, J Taylor Mansfield, DO, Jason M Souza, MD and Matthew E Miller, MD

DOI:10.23937/2572-3243.1510095



Flow Related Aneurysm in Hemangioblastoma and Literature Review of Hemorrhagic Rate and Management Strategy

Choo Heng Tan, FRCS, Felicia HZ Chua, MBBS, MRCS and Peter Y wang, FRACS

DOI:10.23937/2643-4474/1710068


Featured Journals

Clinical Medical Reviews and Case Reports Editor-in-chief: Prof. Wei Wang

International Journal of Surgery Research and Practice Editor-in-chief: Prof. Brian Richard Davis

International Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy Editor-in-chief: Prof. Faris Farassati

International Journal of Clinical Cardiology Editor-in-chief: Prof. Breijo-Marquez

Journal of Genetics and Genome Research Editor-in-chief: Prof. Ming Zhan

Obstetrics and Gynaecology Cases - Reviews Editor-in-chief: Prof. Leslie Iffy

International Journal of Cancer and Clinical Research Editor-in-chief: Prof. Sulma I Mohammed

International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research Editor-in-chief: Prof. Masayoshi Yamaguchi

International Journal of Anesthetics and Anesthesiology Editor-in-chief: Prof. Ike Eriator

International Journal of Sports and Exercise Medicine Editor-in-chief: Prof. J David Prologo

Journal of Rheumatic Diseases and Treatment Editor-in-chief: Prof. Bruce M Rothschild

International Archives of Urology and Complications Editor-in-chief: Prof. Ajay Singla

International Journal of Psychology and Psychoanalysis Editor-in-chief: Prof. Joaquim JF Soares

Journal of Obesity and Weight-loss Medication Editor-in-chief: Prof. Timothy Koch

Trauma Cases and Reviews Editor-in-chief: Prof. William Min

Clinical Medical Image Library Editor-in-chief: Prof.

International Journal of Transplantation Research and Medicine Editor-in-chief: Prof. Lydia M Petrovic

Journal of Otolaryngology and Rhinology Editor-in-chief: Prof. John E. Nathan

Journal of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology Editor-in-chief: Prof. Ryuichi Morishita

International Journal of Critical Care and Emergency Medicine Editor-in-chief: Prof. Yasushi Shibata

International Journal of Womens Health and Wellness Editor-in-chief: Prof. Erich Cosmi

International Journal of Brain Disorders and Treatment Editor-in-chief: Prof. Terry Lichtor

International Journal of Clinical Biostatistics and Biometrics Editor-in-chief: Prof. James Michael Hardin