ClinMed International Library

The ClinMed International Library is a repository and an open access publisher for medical research that covers a wide range of areas in Clinical Medicine. ClinMed serves as a global platform for medical practitioners and research scholars to foster their learning and professional acumen through an extensive portfolio of research articles and publications that can be accessed without any restrictions.

Dedicated to clinical medical research, we now publish over 70 quality peer-reviewed journals making all the articles freely accessible. The manuscripts submitted to ClinMed will be processed through standard parameters and international peer review systems. This has enabled us to establish new milestones in the global research arena in terms of cogency and integrity, and to disseminate highly credible and accredited research content for researchers, scholars, and practitioners across the globe.

We ensure that all researchers and authors publishing their papers with us retain copyrights, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License that permits the unrestricted use and re-use of the content with proper citation.

  Last Updated: December 01, 2021

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All articles are fully peer reviewed, free to access and can be downloaded from our ClinMed archive.

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 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3658/1510228

Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of COVID-19 Prevention among Adults 18 Years and Above in Kintampo North Municipality, Ghana

Mukasa Kabiri, MPH, Augustine Baffoe, MPH, Samuel Adusi Poku, MPH, Emmanuel Kwaku Ofori, MSc, Kwabena Opoku Adusei, MD and Paapa Puplampu, MD

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: September 24, 2021

Novel coronavirus disease is a very infectious respiratory infection transmitted from person-to-person and manifest commonly with fever, dry cough, difficulty breathing, fatigue, myalgia and dyspnea. The World Health Organization (WHO) used the term 2019 novel coronavirus to refer to a coronavirus that affected the lower respiratory tract of patients with pneumonia in Wuhan, China on 29 December 2019. Persons with comorbidities and the aged are most vulnerable to severe disease and accounted for...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3286.1510068

Ultrafiltration Volume: Surrogate Marker of the Extraction Ratio, Determinants, Clinical Correlates and Relationship with the Dialysis Dose

Peter Kehinde Uduagbamen, FWACP, FMCP, John Omotola Ogunkoya, FMCP, Chukwuwer Igwebuike Nwogbe, MBBS, Solomon Olubunmi Eigbe, MBBS and Oluwamayowa Ruth Timothy, MBBS

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: September 23, 2021

The ultrafiltration volume, a surrogate maker of inter-dialytic weight gain and extraction ratio plays a significant contributory role in the dialysis dose but in very large amount can lead to intradialysis hypotension and its consequences of myocardial ischemia and stunning and further diminution of kidney function. Measures are needed to prescribe the optimal quantity for each session. A thousand six hundred and eighty eight dialysis sessions for 287 participants were studied. Pre and postdial...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510125

When is HRT the Solution?

Nancy L. Belcher, PhD., MPA

Article Type: Commentary | First Published: September 27, 2021

Menopause, and the phase that leads up to it, called perimenopause, are normal and natural events that can start anywhere between 35-55 years of age. Menopause and perimenopause are transition periods wherein the levels of estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone decrease. Replacing those lost hormones is easy with hormone replacement therapy (HRT). HRT in menopause has been proven the most effective treatment for many menopause symptoms. While there is no ‘treatment’ for menopause, there ar...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-567X/1510076

A Review on Interventions against COVID-19

Sintayehu Tsegaye Tseha

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 24, 2021

COVID-19 remains the main public health problem in the world. The major objective of this review is to discuss interventions that have been employed against COVID-19. The preventive and control measures that have been employed against COVID-19 include: staying at home, social and physical distancing, quarantine, washing hand with sanitizer, using face mask, immunization, timely diagnosis and treatment of the disease. In spite of its high false negative rate, real time-PCR remains the gold standa...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510203

Exertional Rhabdomyolysis: A Case Report of an Exceptionally Elevated Serum Creatine Kinase (CK) Level

Jonathon Kyriakides, BSc, MBBS, Aria Khani, BSc, MBBS, MRCP and Rahul Khamar, BSc, MBBS

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 30, 2021

Serum Creatinine Kinase (CK) is used as a diagnostic and prognostic marker in rhabdomyolysis. We present 32-year-old male with exertional rhabdomyolysis following a spin cycling class, with a peak serum CK level of 332,200 U/L. He was admitted for intravenous fluid therapy and then followed-up in the outpatient setting; renal function remained stable throughout. We review the literatures and explain why a combination of patient and environmental factors are important in the pathogenesis of exert...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510202

Prevalence and Pattern of Musculoskeletal Injuries among Recreational Weightlifters in Nnewi, Nigeria

Chidile Muonwe, Samuel Chidiebere Nwobi, Chiedozie James Alumona, Chukwuebuka Okeke, Chiamaka Ann Nwanne, Ifeoma Blessing Nwosu, Ifeoma Adaigwe Amaechi, Christian Arinze Okonkwo, Ogochukwu Umeonwuka, Ezinne Chika Ekediegwu, Uzoamaka Nwakaego Akobundu and Stanley M Maduagwu

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 30, 2021

Weightlifters are prone to musculoskeletal injury. However, studies on the prevalence and pattern of musculoskeletal injuries among weightlifters in Nigeria are not available. Therefore, this study investigated the prevalence and pattern of musculoskeletal injury among recreational weightlifters in Nnewi, Nigeria and explored the association between the prevalence of injury and sociodemographic, and training characteristic variables. Ninety-one recreational weightlifters participated in this cro...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510201

Progressive Upper Compartment Functional Strength Training on Postural Muscle Force: In Volleyball Players

Yeliz Kahraman

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 27, 2021

Postural muscle force leads to a increase in functional movement and associated ability of strength. The author examined changes in shoulder and humerus strength, maximum isometric joint angular degree force after functional upper strength training in volleyball players. They evaluated isometric joint angular force degree as predictors of functional strength. Functional strength group increased significantly (p < 0.05) for all angular strength. Compared with controls, to functional strength led ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410161

Presence of a Hernia Sac Does Not Impact Lung Perfusion in CDH

Akila B Ramaraj, MD, Guy Jensen, MD, MPH, Bre Anna Kinghorn, MD, MS and Rebecca A Stark, MD

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 30, 2021

There are variable long-term pulmonary outcomes of children with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Diagnostic modalities evaluating pulmonary function can be limited by patient compliance. Pulmonary perfusion scintigraphy is a diagnostic tool to evaluate lung development in younger children. Presence of a hernia sac is known to correlate with less severe disease but little has been reported on any correlation with lung size and function. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relatio...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410160

Streptococcus Constellatus Empyema Presenting With Undulant Fever Pattern- A Case Report and Literature Review

Bistees George, BS, BA, Nouman Tanveer, DO and Michael Boyars, MD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 29, 2021

Streptococcus anginosus group (SAG), or milleri group streptococci (MGS), is an uncommon group of bacteria that has been increasingly affecting the adult population. It is an interesting organism in that it is intensely pyogenic when pathogenic-much in the same character as Staphylococcus aureus. SAG includes three species: Streptococcus anginosus, Streptococcus intermedius, and Streptococcus constellatus. Members of the SAG are usually part of the indigenous oral, gastrointestinal, and genitour...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510077

A New CT Perfusion Analysis Algorithm without Deconvolution: FiTT

Hiroshi Iimura and Atsushi Senoo

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: September 30, 2021

We propose a new CT perfusion analysis algorithm without deconvolution: Theoretically calculating the time-enhancement curve (TEC) under various perfusion conditions, finding a theoretical TEC that best fits the observed TEC, and using the theoretical TEC’s perfusion parameters as the estimations for the observation point (FiTT). The FiTT analysis procedure was as follows: First, the TEC of the arterial input function (AIF) was fitted to the gamma distribution function. Next, we defined the re...


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New Issues


International Journal of Clinical Cardiology

ISSN: 2378-2951 | ICV: 89.24

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021


Obstetrics and Gynaecology Cases - Reviews

ISSN: 2377-9004 | ICV: 88.42

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021


Journal of Hypertension and Management

ISSN: 2474-3690 | ICV: 87.69

VOLUME 7 | ISSUE 1 | 2021


International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research

ISSN: 2377-3634 | ICV: 87.97

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021


Journal of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology

ISSN: 2474-3658 | ICV: 91.55

VOLUME 7 | ISSUE 4 | 2021

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Choo Heng Tan, FRCS, Felicia HZ Chua, MBBS, MRCS and Peter Y wang, FRACS


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International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research Editor-in-chief: Prof. Masayoshi Yamaguchi

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International Journal of Sports and Exercise Medicine Editor-in-chief: Prof. J David Prologo

Journal of Rheumatic Diseases and Treatment Editor-in-chief: Prof. Bruce M Rothschild

International Archives of Urology and Complications Editor-in-chief: Prof. Ajay Singla

International Journal of Psychology and Psychoanalysis Editor-in-chief: Prof. Joaquim JF Soares

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Trauma Cases and Reviews Editor-in-chief: Prof. William Min

Clinical Medical Image Library Editor-in-chief: Prof.

International Journal of Transplantation Research and Medicine Editor-in-chief: Prof. Lydia M Petrovic

Journal of Otolaryngology and Rhinology Editor-in-chief: Prof. John E. Nathan

Journal of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology Editor-in-chief: Prof. Ryuichi Morishita

International Journal of Critical Care and Emergency Medicine Editor-in-chief: Prof. Yasushi Shibata

International Journal of Womens Health and Wellness Editor-in-chief: Prof. Erich Cosmi

International Journal of Brain Disorders and Treatment Editor-in-chief: Prof. Terry Lichtor

International Journal of Clinical Biostatistics and Biometrics Editor-in-chief: Prof. James Michael Hardin