ClinMed International Library

The ClinMed International Library is a repository and an open access publisher for medical research that covers a wide range of areas in Clinical Medicine. ClinMed serves as a global platform for medical practitioners and research scholars to foster their learning and professional acumen through an extensive portfolio of research articles and publications that can be accessed without any restrictions.

Dedicated to clinical medical research, we now publish over 70 quality peer-reviewed journals making all the articles freely accessible. The manuscripts submitted to ClinMed will be processed through standard parameters and international peer review systems. This has enabled us to establish new milestones in the global research arena in terms of cogency and integrity, and to disseminate highly credible and accredited research content for researchers, scholars, and practitioners across the globe.

We ensure that all researchers and authors publishing their papers with us retain copyrights, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License that permits the unrestricted use and re-use of the content with proper citation.

  Last Updated: January 16, 2022

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All articles are fully peer reviewed, free to access and can be downloaded from our ClinMed archive.

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 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3656/1410369

Systemic Quinolones and Risk of Retinal Detachment II: Systematic Review of Clinical Trials

Mohamed Kadry Taher, Mohamed Habsah, Lise M Bjerre, Franco Momoli, Donald Mattison and Daniel Krewski

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: October 31, 2021

Quinolones represent a popular group of antibiotics that is favored by physicians due to their potency, broad-spectrum, unique mechanism of action, and reasonable safety. Concerns have been raised about a possible association between quinolones and retinal detachment (RD). Despite the emergence of resistance and availability of other treatment alternatives, quinolones remain a popular choice among physicians worldwide. This systematic review examined all original clinical trials in which a quino...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4474/1710088

Spontaneous Outflow Venous Thrombosis of an Unruptured Arteriovenous Malformation in the Setting of COVID-19 Infection

Camarano JG, Hrushka JM, Allison RZ, Robledo A, Raghuram K and Kan P

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 30, 2021

A 63-year-old man with a known left frontal AVM presented with a recent increase in seizure activity. Approximately two weeks prior to admission the patient was found seizing and febrile with a temperature of 38.2 °C. At that time the patient had reported a one-week history of dry cough, shortness of breath and dyspnea on exertion. Nasopharyngeal swab testing with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was positive for SARS-CoV-2. The patient’s left frontal lobe AVM was first identified in 2007 with...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4193.1510111

Utilizing Physician Assistants for In-Office procedures in Outpatient Otolaryngology Clinic

Tiffany E. Heikel, PA-C and Jessyka G. Lighthall, MD, FACS

Article Type: Commentary | First Published: October 29, 2021

Physician assistants (PAs) as medical providers have evolved since 1967 when the occupation was first established. Utilization of PAs has expanded to include procedures in multiple subspecialties. There is controversy over PAs performing in-office procedures but we propose a training paradigm to obtain competency and perform in-office procedures in Otolaryngology outpatient clinics. Consideration for state laws and facility or institution protocols is required prior to starting proctoring. Howev...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510142

Adapting the Shared Medical Appointment Model for the Management of Anxiety in Primary Care

Kara A Frame, MD, Ruben Tinajero, Ph.D, Hanna Raber, Pharm D and Katherine T Fortenberry, Ph.D

Article Type: Brief Report | First Published: October 30, 2021

Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent and negatively impact the health of millions of people worldwide. Primary care physicians are often the first providers who diagnose and treat anxiety disorders. Unfortunately, many patients lack access to mental healthcare services to address their difficulties with anxiety. Prior research indicates that the Shared Medical Appointment (SMA) model is highly effective in addressing chronic illnesses. This pilot study aimed to present one primary care clinic...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5750/1510109

Treatment and Management of Scabies Patient with Secondary Infection in a 3-Year-Old Girl: A Case Report

Diah Mira Indramaya, Andre Yuindartanto, Yuri Widia, Irmaditra Citrashanty, Sawitri and Iskandar Zulkarnain

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 29, 2021

Scabies is a skin disease caused by infection with the mite Sarcoptes scabiei. The development of this disease is also influenced by low socioeconomic conditions, poor hygiene levels, lack of knowledge, and errors in diagnosis and management. Internal and external examinations were carried out on patients related to personal hygiene behavior factors. Primary data were obtained through history taking (alloanamnesis), physical examination, and laboratory tests at Dr. Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya. A ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-567X/1510078

Structural Racism and HIV Risk: Low African American Male to Female Sex Ratio and HIV Diagnosis Rates by State

Leonard Anang Sowah, MBChB, MPH, FACP and Brittany Yerkes, PA, MSc

Article Type: Brief Communication | First Published: October 28, 2021

HIV diagnosis rates in the US differ significantly by race and ethnicity. There are also geographic differences in HIV diagnosis rates across US states and regions. The determinants of these differences are not always easy to disentangle. Some believe structural racism may contribute to the differences in HIV diagnosis by race. This may also explain state and regional variations in HIV diagnosis. Using data from the 2010 US census and 2010 HIV surveillance data from CDC we did a test to determin...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510079

A Surrogate for Liver Function: The Usefulness of Liver Enhancement in Hepatobiliary Phase in MRI Liver using Hepatocyte Specific Contrast Agent

Nur Yazmin Yaacob, MD, MMed

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 28, 2021

The objective of this study is to assess the usefulness of contrast enhanced MRI liver using hepatocyte specific contrast agent in the hepatobiliary phase to determine liver function in the form of a model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score and a new model for end-stage liver disease (MELD-Na) score. It is also done to determine the cut off value of relative enhancement for non-liver impairment (NLI) and liver impairment (LI). A total of 112 patients who had MRI liver performed using Gd-EO...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3419/1410161

Proposed Immunology of the Spontaneous Remission of Leukemia

Behzad Niakan

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 29, 2021

Spontaneous remission of leukemia is more likely to occur after anti-biotic treatment of an infection, termination of pregnancy, blood transfusion and host versus graft reaction. All have in common a drop in platelet count followed by a rise in platelet count. Spontaneous remissions of leukemia may be preceded by a low platelet count, anemia or low hemoglobulin. Also, once spontaneous remission of leukemia occurs there may be a simultaneous rise in platelet count and hemoglobulin. The drop and r...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3656/1410368

Laparoscopic Resection of a Gastric Lipoma: A Case Report

Mohammed Najih and Aziz Zentar

Article Type: Images | First Published: October 30, 2021

Lipomas are slow growing benign tumors that develop in fat tissues. Gastric lipomas account for only 5% of all gastrointestinal lipomas. Although they are usually asymptomatic and detected incidentally. We report a new case on a 54-year-old male patient admitted to our clinical complaints of a vague lump in the upper abdomen, regarding a feeling of fullness in the stomach and early satiety for 10 months, no pathological finding was made. The Gastrointestinal Endoscopy showed the existence of a m...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3656/1410367

Rhabdomyolysis Associated Acute Kidney Injury Following a Physical Violence

Yalini Thivaharan and Indira Deepthi Gamage Kitulwatte

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 30, 2021

Physical violence can lead to serious and, rarely, fatal injuries. In addition to head injury, which is the leading cause of death and long-term disability, injuries of the musculoskeletal system and internal organs are important cause of assault-related morbidity. This paper discusses such rare complication of an interpersonal violence - rhabdomyolyis associated with Acute Kidney Injury (AKI). A 37-year-old man who claims to be assaulted by a group of people, presented with focal contusions and...


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New Issues


International Journal of Clinical Cardiology

ISSN: 2378-2951 | ICV: 89.24

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021


Obstetrics and Gynaecology Cases - Reviews

ISSN: 2377-9004 | ICV: 88.42

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021


Journal of Hypertension and Management

ISSN: 2474-3690 | ICV: 87.69

VOLUME 7 | ISSUE 1 | 2021


International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research

ISSN: 2377-3634 | ICV: 87.97

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021


Journal of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology

ISSN: 2474-3658 | ICV: 91.55

VOLUME 7 | ISSUE 4 | 2021

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Nirguna Thalla, MD, MBA, W Daniel White, MD, J Taylor Mansfield, DO, Jason M Souza, MD and Matthew E Miller, MD


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Choo Heng Tan, FRCS, Felicia HZ Chua, MBBS, MRCS and Peter Y wang, FRACS


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International Journal of Transplantation Research and Medicine Editor-in-chief: Prof. Lydia M Petrovic

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International Journal of Clinical Biostatistics and Biometrics Editor-in-chief: Prof. James Michael Hardin