ClinMed International Library

The ClinMed International Library is a repository and an open access publisher for medical research that covers a wide range of areas in Clinical Medicine. ClinMed serves as a global platform for medical practitioners and research scholars to foster their learning and professional acumen through an extensive portfolio of research articles and publications that can be accessed without any restrictions.

Dedicated to clinical medical research, we now publish over 70 quality peer-reviewed journals making all the articles freely accessible. The manuscripts submitted to ClinMed will be processed through standard parameters and international peer review systems. This has enabled us to establish new milestones in the global research arena in terms of cogency and integrity, and to disseminate highly credible and accredited research content for researchers, scholars, and practitioners across the globe.

We ensure that all researchers and authors publishing their papers with us retain copyrights, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License that permits the unrestricted use and re-use of the content with proper citation.

  Last Updated: January 16, 2022

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Articles Published

All articles are fully peer reviewed, free to access and can be downloaded from our ClinMed archive.

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 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3243.1510105

Functional Leg Length Discrepancy among Pediatric Scoliosis: A Reversible Neuromuscular Compensation from Craniocervical Junction Misalignment

Jean Brunette, PEng, MSc, PhD, Luc Gélinas, DC and Jeffrey Chankowsky, MD, FRCP(C)

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: August 28, 2021

Leg length discrepancy (LLD) and pelvic obliquity have often been associated with scoliosis in the literature, and neuromuscular contributions have been mentioned as being possibly involved. It is herein hypothesized that a craniocervical junction (CCJ) misalignment (CCJM) may induce a neuromuscular imbalance leading to functional leg length discrepancy, and that re-establishing a proper alignment can result in some LLD disappearance. A total of n = 40 consecutive scoliotic children aged 7-16 ye...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3658/1510224

Sexual Behaviors and HIV Status: A Population-Based Study among Youths and Adults in Tanzania

Adeleye Ayinde Adaralegbe, MD, Ph.D, Oluwatomi Adeoti, MD, MPH, Stephanie C Ogbonda, MD, Obiageri E Egeolu, MBBS and Nnenna Ann Ukoha, MBBS

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: August 25, 2021

HIV remains a global epidemic in the world, especially in African countries, despite various efforts to reduce the spread of this disease. Eastern Africa nations, specifically Tanzania, are one of the top ten HIV infected countries with approximately 80% of its population living with HIV. Heterosexual intercourse remains the most common method of HIV transmission in these countries, and efforts that improve responsible sexual intercourse would help limit the spread of the virus. We used the publ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510122

Neighborhood Predictors of Mental Health of Older Americans: Evidence from a 5-year Longitudinal Study

Adeleye A Adaralegbe, MD, PhD, Ngozi J Adaralegbe, MD, PhD, Ami Moore, PhD, MPH, CPH, Ayodeji Emmanuel Iyanda, PhD, Ayodele Olawaye, MBBS, Opeyemi Aroyewun, MD, Esther Ezeani, MD, Oladoyin Okunola, BA and Olumide Ayeni, MBBS

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: August 27, 2021

Two waves of publicly available longitudinal data from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP) were utilized. A hierarchical multiple regression model analysis was employed to explore the association between neighborhood factors and mental health. The secondary data contained a cohort of 1,731 older adults. Outcome measures were depression using the 11-item CES-Depression Scale and anxiety using the 7-item HADS Anxiety Scale. The predictors were four neighborhood factors: Soc...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510121

A Healthcare Providers View: Taking the Covid Vaccine - A Selfish or Selfless Act?

Rene’ Wren, OTD, OTR, BCG

Article Type: Commentary | First Published: August 27, 2021

Healthcare practitioners take an oath to do-no-harm to those we serve and help to protect against health illnesses. The Covid-19 virus is an illness that has potential deadly consequences. With the development of the Covid-19 vaccine there is new found hope against this deadly virus. Taking the vaccine is a personal choice but providers must weight their personal feelings against those sworn duties to help treat and protect the public and society at large. Taking the vaccine is a selfless act an...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-461X/1710052

COVID 19 and Neglected Tropical Diseases in Africa: Perspectives from Ghana

Emmanuella Nzeribe, Melody Okereke, Isaac Olushola Ogunkola, Mashkur Abdulhamid Isa, Yusuff Adebayo Adebisi and Don Eliseo Lucero-Prisno III

Article Type: Commentary | First Published: August 28, 2021

Since the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 as a public health emergency, the attention of the global community has been shifted towards interventions and efforts to curb the pandemic at the detriment of other diseases, including Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs). Prior to the emergence of COVID-19 in Africa, Ghana has recorded some progress in the economy which has translated to an overall expectation of a decline in the incidence of NTDs and other poverty-related diseases in the cou...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-461X/1710051

Factors Affecting the Spatial Distribution of Visceral Leishmaniasis in an Urban Area of Recent Emergence in Inner Brazil

José Cláudio Simão, Cassiano Victória and Carlos Magno Castelo Branco Fortaleza

Article Type: Field Research | First Published: August 21, 2021

Study of the spatial distribution of general VL and VL-HIV coinfection in the city of Bauru - SP, Brazil between 2003 to 2016. The cases were georeferenced and attributed to the Census sectors using demographic, socioeconomic and urban infrastructure predictors. The incidence in these sectors was analyzed in univariate and multivariate one-step Poisson regression models. The cumulative incidence rates of LV and LVHIV (per 100,000 inhab.) In this period were 131.1 and 19.7, respectively. In the u...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5769/1510078

The Use of Hypnosis for the Treatment of Nocturnal Enuresis: Myth or Reality?

Anna Maria Della Grotta, MD and Alessandro Boscarelli, MD

Article Type: Commentary | First Published: August 30, 2021

Nocturnal enuresis is a common condition which may be cause of considerable psychological distress especially in children. Despite poor evidence across the literature, hypnosis could have an important role as first-line treatment option for primary monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis. Nocturnal enuresis, also called bed-wetting or night-time incontinence, is a common condition which may be cause of considerable psychological distress especially in children. Nocturnal enuresis refers to the involu...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-346X/1410129

Preoperative Evaluation in Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty for Secondary Penetrating Keratoplasty Graft Failure

Khaled Safadi, Ron Kaufman, Eleanor Nche, Denise Wajnsztajn and Itay Lavy

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: August 28, 2021

Over the past decade, Penetrating Keratoplasty (PKP) graft failure has been increasingly managed by Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty (DMEK). Moreover, Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography (AS-OCT) is becoming as essential modality for perioperative evaluation. Our aim is to share important surgical considerations and modifications based on preoperative evaluation using AS-OCT and, consequently, present our clinical and surgical outcomes of DMEK performed for secondary PKP graf...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3885/1710061

Comparison of Neurovascular Structures at Risk during Ankle Arthroscopy: A Cadaveric Study

Ramez Sakkab, DPM, Varsha Salunkhe, DPM, Monica Jung, DPM, MS, Kristina Corley, DPM, Jae Yoon Kim, DPM and Gautam Sowda, BS

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: August 30, 2021

Arthroscopy has become increasingly common for diagnosis and treatment of ankle joint pathology. The four most common portals used for ankle arthroscopy are the anteromedial (AM), anterolateral (AL), posteromedial (PM), and posterolateral (PL). And anatomy of neurovascular structures (NVS) along the ankle can significantly vary. The distance of NVS was compared to anatomic landmarks of ankle arthroscopic portals to verify safe zones for scope insertion. Twenty-six fresh-frozen cadavers were util...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3885/1710060

Alignment-Free Joint Angles Measurement Using Virtual Reference Coordinate System

John Pontius and Seung-Jae Kim

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: August 29, 2021

In order to overcome the difficulty in aligning specimens accurately within a reference system for angular kinematic measurements, a method of using a virtual reference coordinate system was designed and implemented in conjunction with using an optical motion capture device. The virtual coordinate system is created by digitizing three identifiable points in space. In this way, angular measurements of specimens can be described with respect to the virtual coordinate system to be anatomically rele...


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New Issues


International Journal of Clinical Cardiology

ISSN: 2378-2951 | ICV: 89.24

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021


Obstetrics and Gynaecology Cases - Reviews

ISSN: 2377-9004 | ICV: 88.42

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021


Journal of Hypertension and Management

ISSN: 2474-3690 | ICV: 87.69

VOLUME 7 | ISSUE 1 | 2021


International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research

ISSN: 2377-3634 | ICV: 87.97

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021


Journal of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology

ISSN: 2474-3658 | ICV: 91.55

VOLUME 7 | ISSUE 4 | 2021

Featured Articles

Clinical Characteristics of Suspected COVID-19 in Pediatric Patients

Heather Yerdon, BS, Lauren Mutter, MD, Rick Tivis, MPH, Trevor Olsen, PhD and Anna Suessman, DO


A Neural Mobilization Treatment Strategy for Patients with Neurogenic Claudication Related to Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A Prospective Case Series

Reid Gehring, PT, ScD, Joan Potter-Brunet, PT, DPT, Phillip Sizer, PT, PhD, Kerry Gilbert, PT, ScD and Jean-Michel Brismee, PT, ScD


Spontaneous Proximal Tibiofibular Joint Ganglion Cyst as a Rare Cause of Acute Foot Drop: A Case Report

Nirguna Thalla, MD, MBA, W Daniel White, MD, J Taylor Mansfield, DO, Jason M Souza, MD and Matthew E Miller, MD


Flow Related Aneurysm in Hemangioblastoma and Literature Review of Hemorrhagic Rate and Management Strategy

Choo Heng Tan, FRCS, Felicia HZ Chua, MBBS, MRCS and Peter Y wang, FRACS


Featured Journals

Clinical Medical Reviews and Case Reports Editor-in-chief: Prof. Wei Wang

International Journal of Surgery Research and Practice Editor-in-chief: Prof. Brian Richard Davis

International Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy Editor-in-chief: Prof. Faris Farassati

International Journal of Clinical Cardiology Editor-in-chief: Prof. Breijo-Marquez

Journal of Genetics and Genome Research Editor-in-chief: Prof. Ming Zhan

Obstetrics and Gynaecology Cases - Reviews Editor-in-chief: Prof. Leslie Iffy

International Journal of Cancer and Clinical Research Editor-in-chief: Prof. Sulma I Mohammed

International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research Editor-in-chief: Prof. Masayoshi Yamaguchi

International Journal of Anesthetics and Anesthesiology Editor-in-chief: Prof. Ike Eriator

International Journal of Sports and Exercise Medicine Editor-in-chief: Prof. J David Prologo

Journal of Rheumatic Diseases and Treatment Editor-in-chief: Prof. Bruce M Rothschild

International Archives of Urology and Complications Editor-in-chief: Prof. Ajay Singla

International Journal of Psychology and Psychoanalysis Editor-in-chief: Prof. Joaquim JF Soares

Journal of Obesity and Weight-loss Medication Editor-in-chief: Prof. Timothy Koch

Trauma Cases and Reviews Editor-in-chief: Prof. William Min

Clinical Medical Image Library Editor-in-chief: Prof.

International Journal of Transplantation Research and Medicine Editor-in-chief: Prof. Lydia M Petrovic

Journal of Otolaryngology and Rhinology Editor-in-chief: Prof. John E. Nathan

Journal of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology Editor-in-chief: Prof. Ryuichi Morishita

International Journal of Critical Care and Emergency Medicine Editor-in-chief: Prof. Yasushi Shibata

International Journal of Womens Health and Wellness Editor-in-chief: Prof. Erich Cosmi

International Journal of Brain Disorders and Treatment Editor-in-chief: Prof. Terry Lichtor

International Journal of Clinical Biostatistics and Biometrics Editor-in-chief: Prof. James Michael Hardin