ClinMed International Library

The ClinMed International Library is a repository and an open access publisher for medical research that covers a wide range of areas in Clinical Medicine. ClinMed serves as a global platform for medical practitioners and research scholars to foster their learning and professional acumen through an extensive portfolio of research articles and publications that can be accessed without any restrictions.

Dedicated to clinical medical research, we now publish over 70 quality peer-reviewed journals making all the articles freely accessible. The manuscripts submitted to ClinMed will be processed through standard parameters and international peer review systems. This has enabled us to establish new milestones in the global research arena in terms of cogency and integrity, and to disseminate highly credible and accredited research content for researchers, scholars, and practitioners across the globe.

We ensure that all researchers and authors publishing their papers with us retain copyrights, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License that permits the unrestricted use and re-use of the content with proper citation.

  Last Updated: January 26, 2022

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All articles are fully peer reviewed, free to access and can be downloaded from our ClinMed archive.

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 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4474/1710090

A Rare Case of Temporal Scalp Dermoid Cyst with No Intracranial Extension

Hatim Belfquih, MD, Hassan Baallal, MD and Adil Arrob, MD

Article Type: Clinical Images | First Published: November 29, 2021

Dermoid Cysts are considered congenital lesions, but not all of them are diagnosed at birth. Dermoid cyst involving subgaleal temporal area with no intracranial extension is a rare scalp swelling. We report a case of 37-year-old female patient presented with a history of a scalp swelling since birth. The swelling increased in size progressively. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed extracranial cystic lesion over the temporal bone with no intracranial extension. Cyst was excised comp...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3243.1510106

Spinal Biomechanics Concepts of Pediatric Scoliosis and Trunk Shift Applied to Daily Tasks and Sports

Jean Brunette, PEng, MScA, PhD and André Bazergui, PEng, PhD

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 25, 2021

The etiology of pediatric idiopathic scoliosis remains poorly understood and it is likely that there is a combination of different factors responsible for its initiation and development. Although the literature highlights the importance of mechanical factors on spinal deformations, the concepts did not receive the attention and consideration they deserve. The Cobb angle is the gold standard value to assess the extent of spinal deformations and risk of progression. However from a biomechanical pe...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3658/1510238

Impact of Adding Remdesivir to Tocilizumab in Hospitalized Patients with Coronavirus Disease

Chelsea A Schneider, PharmD, Jenny Martinez, PharmD, Kathleen Jodoin, PharmD and William R Wolowich, PharmD

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: November 25, 2021

Several treatments have been utilized in the management of COVID-19 and only remdesivir is FDA-approved at this time. Tocilizumab is an interleukin-6 antagonist that has controversial data regarding its benefits in hospitalized COVID-19 patients. Remdesivir in addition to tocilizumab has not shown any additive benefit to date; however, randomized controlled trials are in process. The objective of this study was to assess the role of tocilizumab with or without remdesivir in reducing mortality an...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510206

Differences between Seated and Standing Low-Speed Treadmill Walking

David K. Brennan, Ph.D and Thomas W. Allen, DO, MPH

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 27, 2021

The purpose of this study was to compare the Energy Expenditure (EE) during very low-speed (< 2.0 mph) treadmill walking while seated to EE during upright treadmill walking. A convenience sample cohort study of nine volunteer participants (4 males; 5 females) M age 63.4 (± 10.5) years performed both seated (MuV) and standing walking (STW), across 0.5 mph, 1.1 and 1.5 mph velocities. For many people who are unable to jog or run, walking is a viable substitute for cardio/pulmonary and leg strengt...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510081

Late Discovery of Pituitary Stalk Interruption

Jerbi Saida, Ben Fatma Abderraouf, Souissi Marouen and Ikbel Ammar

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 26, 2021

A 25-year-old male patient presented with delayed puberty, short stature. Hormonal assays showed anterior pituitary insufficiency. MR imaging showed a small-sized anterior pituitary gland pituitary (height mesaured 3 mm) with interrupted pituitary stalk (Figure 1) and an absent posterior pituitary gland (Figure 2). Pituitary stalk interruption syndrome is a congenital abnormality of the pituitary gland consisting of the triad of thin or interrupted pituitary stalk, small or absent anterior pitui...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5769/1510081

Association between Screen Time and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors and Academic Achievement among Children

Monserrat Hernández-Luengo, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, María Eugenia Visier Alfonso, Andrés Redondo Tébar, Blanca Notario-Pacheco and Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno

Article Type: Cross-Sectional Analysis | First Published: November 24, 2021

Excessive screen time has been associated with a deleterious impact on cardiometabolic health and academic achievement in children; however, the evidence supporting these effects depends on the type of electronic device. To examine the association between the time spent watching television (TV) and using interactive electronic devices (computers, tablets, etc.) with cardiometabolic risk factors and academic achievement in school-aged children (8-11 years). Cross-sectional analysis was conducted ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5807/1510122

Comparison of Ziehl - Neelsen (ZN) Staining and Fluorescent (FL) Staining in Suspected Cases of Tuberculosis

Rekha Bhandari, Dushyant Singh Gaur, Aarti Kotwal and Anuradha Kusum

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: November 18, 2021

A total of 200 clinically suspected cases of tuberculosis were included in the study. All the cytological specimens procured were smeared and stained for both ZN and FL staining. A part of the sample was used for Lowenstein Jensen (LJ) culture. Patients on ATT were excluded from the study. The maximum cases were in the age group of 21- 30 years. In 57% cases, patients were male with M:F ratio of 1.3:1. The sensitivity of FL (95.83%) was more as compared to ZN (91.67%). The difference in the case...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5807/1510121

Autopsy and Medicolegal Evaluation in a Case of Sudden Maternal Death from Pulmonary Embolism

Pawan Mittal, Prateek Karagwal, Meenu Gilotra, Amrita Kulhria, Abhishek Saini and Saurabh Juneja

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 18, 2021

Pregnancy and the postpartum period carry high risk of thromboembolic phenomenon which increases manifold postpartally. Multiple predisposing risk factors, usually acting in combination, add up to this risk. All three of the Virchow’s triad conditions predisposing to vascular thrombosis, i.e., endothelial injury, venous stasis and hypercoagulability, are present in pregnancy. The deaths caused by pulmonary embolism may become the subject of medicolegal investigation due a sudden and unexpected...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4215.1510021

Prevalence and Factors Associated with Enuresis among Children in Adama City, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

Nuru Hassen Ibrahim, Daniel Tolessa and Ephrem Mannekhulihe, MSc

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 22, 2020

Enuresis is voluntary or involuntary voiding of urine, occurring at least twice a week for 3 consecutive months in a child at least five-years-old. It can occur either during the day or at night time. There are two types of enuresis called primary and secondary enuresis. The word enuresis is derived from a Greek word enourein that means “to void urine.” Community based cross sectional study was carried out in the Adama city in all 18 kebele. An interview questionnaire was completed voluntari...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3664.1410035

Recent Trends in Nanoparticles Based Drug Delivery for Tuberculosis Treatment

Chandni Pachouri, Bharat Patel, Sandhya Shroti, Sandeep Shukla and Archna Pandey

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 26, 2021

Current treatment therapeutic approach for tuberculosis is the administration of first line drugs in the form of tablets and capsules for 4-6 months however; this approach leads to sever adverse effect. Therefore, present study was designed to achieving local and sustained targeting of ant tuberculosis drugs in order to reduce dose n frequency. Nanoparticles (NPs) have been found to be potential targeted and controlled release drug delivery systems. Various drugs can be loaded in the NPs to achi...


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New Issues


International Journal of Clinical Cardiology

ISSN: 2378-2951 | ICV: 89.24

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021


Obstetrics and Gynaecology Cases - Reviews

ISSN: 2377-9004 | ICV: 88.42

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021


Journal of Hypertension and Management

ISSN: 2474-3690 | ICV: 87.69

VOLUME 7 | ISSUE 1 | 2021


International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research

ISSN: 2377-3634 | ICV: 87.97

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021


Journal of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology

ISSN: 2474-3658 | ICV: 91.55

VOLUME 7 | ISSUE 4 | 2021

Featured Articles

Clinical Characteristics of Suspected COVID-19 in Pediatric Patients

Heather Yerdon, BS, Lauren Mutter, MD, Rick Tivis, MPH, Trevor Olsen, PhD and Anna Suessman, DO


A Neural Mobilization Treatment Strategy for Patients with Neurogenic Claudication Related to Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: A Prospective Case Series

Reid Gehring, PT, ScD, Joan Potter-Brunet, PT, DPT, Phillip Sizer, PT, PhD, Kerry Gilbert, PT, ScD and Jean-Michel Brismee, PT, ScD


Spontaneous Proximal Tibiofibular Joint Ganglion Cyst as a Rare Cause of Acute Foot Drop: A Case Report

Nirguna Thalla, MD, MBA, W Daniel White, MD, J Taylor Mansfield, DO, Jason M Souza, MD and Matthew E Miller, MD


Flow Related Aneurysm in Hemangioblastoma and Literature Review of Hemorrhagic Rate and Management Strategy

Choo Heng Tan, FRCS, Felicia HZ Chua, MBBS, MRCS and Peter Y wang, FRACS


Featured Journals

Clinical Medical Reviews and Case Reports Editor-in-chief: Prof. Wei Wang

International Journal of Surgery Research and Practice Editor-in-chief: Prof. Brian Richard Davis

International Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy Editor-in-chief: Prof. Faris Farassati

International Journal of Clinical Cardiology Editor-in-chief: Prof. Breijo-Marquez

Journal of Genetics and Genome Research Editor-in-chief: Prof. Ming Zhan

Obstetrics and Gynaecology Cases - Reviews Editor-in-chief: Prof. Leslie Iffy

International Journal of Cancer and Clinical Research Editor-in-chief: Prof. Sulma I Mohammed

International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research Editor-in-chief: Prof. Masayoshi Yamaguchi

International Journal of Anesthetics and Anesthesiology Editor-in-chief: Prof. Ike Eriator

International Journal of Sports and Exercise Medicine Editor-in-chief: Prof. J David Prologo

Journal of Rheumatic Diseases and Treatment Editor-in-chief: Prof. Bruce M Rothschild

International Archives of Urology and Complications Editor-in-chief: Prof. Ajay Singla

International Journal of Psychology and Psychoanalysis Editor-in-chief: Prof. Joaquim JF Soares

Journal of Obesity and Weight-loss Medication Editor-in-chief: Prof. Timothy Koch

Trauma Cases and Reviews Editor-in-chief: Prof. William Min

Clinical Medical Image Library Editor-in-chief: Prof.

International Journal of Transplantation Research and Medicine Editor-in-chief: Prof. Lydia M Petrovic

Journal of Otolaryngology and Rhinology Editor-in-chief: Prof. John E. Nathan

Journal of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology Editor-in-chief: Prof. Ryuichi Morishita

International Journal of Critical Care and Emergency Medicine Editor-in-chief: Prof. Yasushi Shibata

International Journal of Womens Health and Wellness Editor-in-chief: Prof. Erich Cosmi

International Journal of Brain Disorders and Treatment Editor-in-chief: Prof. Terry Lichtor

International Journal of Clinical Biostatistics and Biometrics Editor-in-chief: Prof. James Michael Hardin