A Case of Psoriasis in an HIV Positive Male
Omar F Merchant and Wayne X Shandera
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 29, 2015
Patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection have an increased risk for several variants of psoriasis as well as being refractory to standard treatment regimens. While psoriasis does not affect HIV survival, quality of life may be significantly impaired and these considerations warrant special attention with management. We report a case of psoriasis in a 43-year-old Hispanic male with HIV infection, adequately managed with antiretroviral therapy. He presented with chronic and persi...
Mycotic Aneurysm of Native Renal Artery: Case Report and Review of the Literature
Arru Luca, De Magistris Luigi, Arendt Charlie, Pillet Jeanchristophe, Azagra Juan Santiago, Goergen Martine and Pouthier Dominique
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 28, 2015
Introduction: Renal native artery is an uncommon localisation of mycotic aneurysm that involves most frequently the artery of renal transplant in immuno-suppressed patients. Septic embolization often occurs during endocarditis and direct infection could complicate endovascular procedures with device placing.
Case report: We herein describe the case of a leaking mycotic aneurysm of the native renal artery (MANRA) in a renal transplanted patient, successfully treated by open aneurysmectomy and ...
General and Oral Aspects in Apert Syndrome: Report of a Case
Villarreal-Becerra Einer, Luis Sanchez-Soler, Angel Espias-Gomez, Leonard RH Jr, Julio Herrero-Payo and Eduardo Chimenos-Kustner
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 26, 2015
Background:The present paper describes the general and oral manifestations in a 32-year-old man previously diagnosed with Apert syndrome. Clinical examination revealed features of acrocephalosyndactyly. The patient was found to have a flattened occiput with frontal prominence, abnormal contour of head (brachycephaly), shallow and downward slanting orbits with bilateral proptosis, hypertelorism, retruded midface, and prognathic mandible.Dental anormalies were present in a patient....
Sural and Radial Sensory Responses in Patients with Sensory Polyneuropathy
Ying Guo, J Lynn Palmer, Xun S Brown and Jack Fu
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 21, 2015
The amplitude of Sensory Nerve Action Potentials (SNAPs), as an indicator for the amount of peripheral sensory nerve axon, is important in the diagnosis of peripheral neuropathy. Since the sural and radial nerves are at low risk for compressive injury, the sural and radial SNAPs are especially useful in the electrodiagnosis of polyneuropathy....
Hepatic Arterioportal Fistulae: Two Case Reports and Review of the Literature
Thanh Tran, Marc Burrell and William M. Lee
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 20, 2015
Hepatic arterio portal fistulae are inappropriate connections between the hepatic artery and portal vein and are obscure causes of acquired portal hypertension. There have been a small number of cases reported since it was first described in 1892 by Sachs. These fistulae can cause significant morbidity and mortality as a result of the portal hypertension, but unlike cirrhosis, are potentially curable. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment is important. The two cases presented here illustrate ...
Laparoscopic-Assisted Surgery for Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma Originating from the Descending Colon: A Case Report and Literature Review
Keiji Matsuda, Takahiro Yagi, Mitsuo Tsukamoto, Yoshihisa Fukushima, Takuya Akahane, Ryu Shimada, Atsushi Horiuchi, Keisuke Nakamura, Takeshi Tsuchiya, Tamuro Hayama, Junko Tamura, Hisae Iinuma, Shoichi Fujii, Keijiro Nozawa, Takuo Tokairin, Yuko Sasajima, Fukuo Kondo and Yojiro Hashiguchi
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 30, 2015
Primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) localized in the large intestine is extremely rare. We report a first case of MFH in colon that underwent a laparoscopy-assisted colectomy. A 74-year-old female had a 3-month history of blood stool. Barium enema study showed protrusion in the descending colon. Colonoscopy revealed submucosal tumor-like lesion with central ulceration. A biopsy was obtained and the pathological report was that MFH was suspected. Laparoscopic-assisted left hemicolectomy ...
Prostate Cancer Survivorship: A Systematic Review
Sanchia S Goonewardene, Young A and R. Persad
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 08, 2015
Background: Due to advances in cancer diagnosis and treatment, the number of prostate cancer survivors is increasing. Yet, with this expanding cohort of patients, very little has been done to develop services.
Objective: A systematic review was conducted to explore prostate cancer survivorship issues. This analysis will inform development of interventions.
Discussion: The literature is reviewed and the way forward for survivorship discussed. We also identify possible themes for research....
Relationship between Full-Thickness Macular Hole and Retinal Break/Lattice Degeneration
Jinglin Zhang, Yonghao Li, Xiujuan Zhao, Yu Cai, Xiling Yu and Lin Lu
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 02, 2015
The pathogenesis of full-thickness Macular Hole (MH) is not clearly understood but is believed to involve anteroposterior traction and/or tangential traction exerted by the posterior vitreous cortex at the fovea. Retinal Break (RB) and lattice degeneration are one of the most important abnormalities of vitreous and vitreoretinal interface. To figure out the relationship between the full-thickness macular hole and RB/lattice degeneration may contribute to the understanding of their pathogenesis.....
Caregiver Abuse of Chicago Chinese Older Adults in a Community-Dwelling Population
Xin Qi Dong and Ge Li
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: September 05, 2015
Elder abuse, also referred to as elder mistreatment or elder maltreatment, is an important public health and human rights issue. The prevalence of elder abuse ranges from 2.2% to 61.1% around the world. The 2008 US National Elder Mistreatment Study suggests that more than 10% of the community-dwelling aging population reported elder abuse or potential neglect in the past year. Existing literature has shown that elder abuse may result in psychological distress, increased morbidity and mortality i...
Should We Use Various Obesity Measures Interchangeably?
Article Type: Short Note | First Published: August 18, 2015
In clinical setting or clinical research studies, convenient obesity measures such as body weight and Body Mass Index (BMI) are commonly used to quantify obesity status of patients or research participants. Although these obesity data are easy and cheap to collect, they may have problems as compared to other obesity measures....