Childhood Maltreatment Trauma: Relevance for Adult Physical and Emotional Health. A Review
Lindsay Hamilton, Valerie Micol-Foster and Maria Muzik
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: June 04, 2015
Childhood maltreatment (CM) is a widespread public health concern in the U.S. as it affects almost four million children annually. The adverse consequences of CM can be seen across development from attachment disturbances and developmental delays in infancy to an increased risk for conduct and emotional problems in later childhood and adolescence. In addition, the associations between CM and negative outcomes have been traced as far as adulthood to mental and physical wellbeing of adult survivor...
A Metabolic Stress Fracture of the Mandibular Condylar Head
Sabah Kalamchi and Trent C Clifton
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 02, 2015
Fractures of the mandibular condyle and neck are very common with well recognized anatomical features. This patient sustained an anatomically unusual right condylar head fracture with subluxation secondary to ictal myocontraction where there was no fall or facial trauma during or after the seizure. Investigation suggested an underlying disturbance in bone metabolism. We found one case report of mandibular stress fracture as a result of reflexive myo contraction of the temporalis and lateral pter...
Membranous Dysmenorrhea - Case Report
Rodrigo Dias Nunes and Viviane Cristine Pissetti
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 06, 2015
This is the report of a 32-year-old woman with severe abdominal pain followed by a decidual cast discharge. The Membranous Dysmenorrhea is a clinical entity rarely mentioned in the medical literature. Few discoveries have been made about this condition. The medical knowledge, due to the lack of description of this entity in current textbooks, also contributes to it's under diagnosis. The anatomopathological exam defines the diagnosis. These case reports are important to help to define the ideal ...
Pediatric B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: 21-year Experience with FAB-LMB Protocols in a Single Institute in Greece
Apostolos Pourtsidis, Marina Servitzoglou, Margarita Baka, Despina Bouhoutsou, Maria Varvoutsi, Dimitrios Doganis, Katherine Strantzia-Michail and Helen Kosmidis
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 10, 2015
Aims and background: Our objective was to analyze the clinical and demographic characteristics of children with B-cell lymphoma treated in a single center over the last two decades. Methods: Data was collected by a retrospective review of the charts of all 76 patients treated to our unit, from 1990 to 2010, with FAB LMB 89, 96 protocols and 2003 modifications....
Incidence of Ocular Hypertension Following Silicone Oil Use after Vitrectomy Surgery
Ashiyana Nariani, Nitasha Khanna, Arthi Chawla, Rominder Momi, Anna Gabrielian and Seenu M. Hariprasad
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 14, 2015
Background and objective: Silicone oil (SO) is important in vitreoretinal surgery. The incidence of glaucoma after silicone oil tamponade (SOT) was investigated. Study design/patients and methods: A retrospective chart review of patients with SOT at the University of Chicago from 2005 to 2008 was conducted to determine the incidence of Silicone Oil Induced Ocular Hypertension (SOIOH). IOP in the SOIOH and SOIOH free groups was compared with the paired t-test....
Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser Syndrome - Case report
Rodrigo Dias Nunes and Djulie Anne de Lemos Zanatta
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 02, 2015
This is the report of a teenager student with primary amenorrhea with secondary sexual characteristics. The incidence of Mayer- Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome was not clearly established, but studies indicate a variation of 1/4,000 and 1/5,000 live births of the female sex. The syndrome is characterized by aplasia of the Mullerian duct on a person who has karyotype 46, XX with female phenotype characteristic of primary amenorrhea in adolescence. Treatment is usually delayed until the patient ...
Treatment of Refractory Macrophage Activation Syndrome in Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis with High Dose Anakinra
Kwong Jenitta M, Peng Tammy, Mohiuddin Adil, Chefiz Dalya, Craig Vicki, Weissmann David, Moorthy L Nandini, Weiss Pamela F, Cron Randy Q and Andujar Joanna
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 11, 2015
We report a case of MAS occurring during the initial presentation of sJIA treated with high dose anakinra. Excess interleukin-1 can lead to the clinical and laboratory findings of sJIA and MAS, and the up regulation of interleukin-6. Uncontrolled production and activation of macrophages and T lymphocytes lead to MAS manifestations, including prolonged high fever, pancytopenia, coagulopathy, lymphadenopathy, hepatic insufficiency, and neurologic dysfunction....
Effect of Etanercept on Anti-Carbamylated Protein Antibodies in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis
Francesca Romana Spinelli, Arbi Pecani, Fulvia Ceccarelli, Cristiano Alessandri and Fabrizio Conti
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 23, 2015
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a systemic, chronic inflammatory disease characterized by inflammation of synovial joints and production of autoantibodies such as Rheumatoid Factor and antibodies directed against modified proteins - i.e. anti-citrullinated peptides antibody (ACPA). Carbamylation, as a post translational modification, has been recently associated to RA since anticarbamylated protein antibodies (anti-CarP) have been detected in the sera of RA patients. The effect of treatment on anti...
Leiomyosarcoma of the Right Iliac Veins Presenting as a Pelvic Mass: A Case Report
E.Tripodi, V. Zanfagnin, C. Fava, P. Zola and A. Ferrero
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 30, 2015
Leiomyosarcoma of the iliac veins is a very uncommon tumour. Prognosis is usually poor and the best treatment is unknown. Case report: We report the case of a 74-year-old woman presenting a right leg oedema. Venous colour doppler was normal. Abdominal ultrasound and magnetic resonance scanning demonstrated a 70 mm mass in the right pelvis with a well-defined profile, which was not homogeneous after contrast enhancement....
Long Term Triptorelin Therapy in a Large Endometriosis Nodule Arising in an Episiotomy Scar
Basma Darwish, Gregoire Leleup, Cecile Martin and Horace Roman
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 26, 2015
Endometriosis is the extra-uterine presence of endometrial glands and stroma, most often in the pelvis. It is very occasionally found in extra-abdominal sites. Perineal endometriosis is the presence of endometrial tissue in the perineal sites. Endometriosis of the perineum and vulva is extremely rare, with the most common site being episiotomy scars....