ClinMed International Library

The ClinMed International Library is a repository and an open access publisher for medical research that covers a wide range of areas in Clinical Medicine. ClinMed serves as a global platform for medical practitioners and research scholars to foster their learning and professional acumen through an extensive portfolio of research articles and publications that can be accessed without any restrictions.

Dedicated to clinical medical research, we now publish over 70 quality peer-reviewed journals making all the articles freely accessible. The manuscripts submitted to ClinMed will be processed through standard parameters and international peer review systems. This has enabled us to establish new milestones in the global research arena in terms of cogency and integrity, and to disseminate highly credible and accredited research content for researchers, scholars, and practitioners across the globe.

We ensure that all researchers and authors publishing their papers with us retain copyrights, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License that permits the unrestricted use and re-use of the content with proper citation.

  Last Updated: January 18, 2022

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All articles are fully peer reviewed, free to access and can be downloaded from our ClinMed archive.

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 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410165

A Unique Presentation of Pulmonary Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis

Varun Srivatsav, MD and Kelsey Tallon, MD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 10, 2021

Pulmonary langerhans cell histiocytosis (PLCH) is a diffuse lung disease that primarily affects young adults, with cigarette smoking playing a significant role in developing the disease. Patients with PLCH present with characteristic CT chest findings of small irregular nodules and upper zone cysts. Previously, larger nodules greater than 10 mm and cavitation have only been reported a few times in the literature. We describe the case of a 69-year-old male who presented with dyspnea, non-producti...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410164

Pneumonia Due To Stenotrophomonas maltophila in the Immunocompetent Patient: A Case of Environmental Exposure

Ana Cardoso

Article Type: Letter to Editor | First Published: December 10, 2021

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a multi-resistant gram-negative bacterium, an opportunistic agent generally associated with nosocomial infections, particularly in immunocompromised patients, being usually found in the intensive care setting. However, its prevalence in patients without predisposing risk factors is very rare. We have identified and successfully treated a healthy, immunocompetent patient who developed a community acquired severe S. maltophilia pneumonia. We report the case of a 24-...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410163

Prevalence and Outcomes of Systemic Sclerosis-Associated Interstitial Lung Disease at a Tertiary Level Hospital in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa: A Retrospective Review

Salah Tanish, Kennedy Nyamande and K de Vasconcellos

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 10, 2021

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is one of the most serious complications among patients with scleroderma. It is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Little is known about the epidemiology of scleroderma associated ILD in sub-Saharan Africa. Thus, we aimed to determine the prevalence, clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with scleroderma -ILD. A retrospective electronic chart review was conducted of patients with systemic sclerosis seen between January 2010 and Decem...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510085

A Mathematical Approach Evaluation of Dose Area Product (DAP) Using to Patients Undergoing Intravenous Urography Examinations in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Muhdin Abdo and Seife Teferi

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 15, 2021

Patient dose evaluation is one of the quality assurance programs. Dose area product is a product of surface area of patient that exposed to radiation at the skin entrance multiplied by the radiation dose at the surface. This research focused on a dosimetry, DAP, for specific X-rays examination which is known as Intravenous Urography examination. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 145 adult patients age above 16 years examined using IVU in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia at two public and two private...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510084

The Role of Diagnostic Medical Imaging Techniques in the Evaluation of Perianal Fistula: A Review

Adityan R, BSc and Jerald Paul Immanuel

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 15, 2021

The fistula in ano or perianal fistula is one of the common fistulae noted in routine surgical and clinical practice. It has the tendency to reoccur even after surgery, which is due to missed pathological tract or tissue during surgical exploration. An adequate pre-surgical mapping is a necessity for giving an excellent surgical outcome and choosing an appropriate surgical technique for treating various fistulas. So, medical imaging modalities like X-ray fistulography, endoanal ultrasonography, ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510083

Evaluation of the Patterns of Benign Bone Tumors and Tumor-like Lesions: A Retrospective Survey

Tuna Demirbas, MD

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: December 08, 2021

The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate epidemiology, distribution and radiological features of newly diagnosed benign bone tumors and tumor like lesions in our radiology department. Computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations performed between January 2018 and December 2019 in musculoskeletal radiology section were retrospectively re-evaluated by an experienced radiologist according to age, gender, radiological classification and location. There w...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5769/1510082

Complementary and Alternative Medicine among Inpatient Pediatric Under One Year of Age in Baghdad City-Iraq

Suadad J Al-Daboony, MBCHB-FICMS(CM)

Article Type: Cross-Sectional Study | First Published: December 16, 2021

Complementary & alternative medicine popular in Iraq, its use from many age group but shortage of data is available about uses of traditional medicine in pediatric. The aim of this study to measure the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine CAM (one type of CAM called saqua) use in acutely sick children (complaining from gastro intestinal symptom) and factors associated with it. This is a cross-sectional study, hospital-based study in a tertiary center of Baghdad City- Iraq from t...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4563/1710032

Nivolumab Induced Acute Pancreatitis and Hyperbilirubinemia

Unnati Bhatia, MD, Suryansh Bajaj, MD, Darshan Gandhi, MD, Divyansh Bajaj, MD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 05, 2021

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are a novel treatment modality that is quickly becoming the standard of care for the management of a multitude of neoplasms. While immunomodulation is a promising approach, it also carries a risk of immune-related adverse effects (irAEs). Nivolumab is an FDA-approved anti-programmed death-1 (anti-PD-1) checkpoint inhibitor. Nivolumab-induced, immune-related pancreatitis, and hyperbilirubinemia are rare but clinically significant examples of irAEs. Early recogn...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-3634/1410152

Type 3 Diabetes? Evaluation of the Noradrenergic System in Diabetic Rats by Underexpression of Tyrosine Hydroxylase in the Central Nervous System

Géssica De Mattos Diosti Klockner, Fernanda Christo Lovato, Rebeca Loureiro Rebouças, Laura Ingrid Volkweis Langer, Ingrid Oliveira Hoegen, Maria Luiza Ronkoski, Stephanie Rubianne Silva Carvalhal, Luiz Martins Collaço, Camila Marques and Luiz Fernando Kubrusly

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 09, 2021

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic inflammatory state that leads to potentially degenerative changes in brain metabolism. Sustained pictures of hypoinsulinemia trigger phosphorylation of the tau protein and production of amyloid plaques, forming senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in brain tissue. Diabetic patients have a higher incidence of cognitive impairment and a higher risk of developing Alzheimer's Disease (AD), the most common type of dementia characterized by chronic neurodegene...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-3634/1410151

Therapeutic Efficacy and Antihyperglycemic Properties of Catharanthus roseus for Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review

Dhrithi Tummala

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 09, 2021

Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of metabolic diseases, in which the patient experiences high levels of blood glucose due to an insufficient production of insulin by the pancreas (Type I diabetes) or an inability of his/her body to respond to the insulin produced (Type II diabetes). Catharanthus roseus (C. roseus) is a plant that belongs to the Apocynaceae family, and has long been used as a natural medicine for Type-1 and Type-2 diabetes in the Ayurvedic system of medicine. This systematic r...


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New Issues


International Journal of Clinical Cardiology

ISSN: 2378-2951 | ICV: 89.24

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021


Obstetrics and Gynaecology Cases - Reviews

ISSN: 2377-9004 | ICV: 88.42

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021


Journal of Hypertension and Management

ISSN: 2474-3690 | ICV: 87.69

VOLUME 7 | ISSUE 1 | 2021


International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research

ISSN: 2377-3634 | ICV: 87.97

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021


Journal of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology

ISSN: 2474-3658 | ICV: 91.55

VOLUME 7 | ISSUE 4 | 2021

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Spontaneous Proximal Tibiofibular Joint Ganglion Cyst as a Rare Cause of Acute Foot Drop: A Case Report

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Flow Related Aneurysm in Hemangioblastoma and Literature Review of Hemorrhagic Rate and Management Strategy

Choo Heng Tan, FRCS, Felicia HZ Chua, MBBS, MRCS and Peter Y wang, FRACS


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International Archives of Urology and Complications Editor-in-chief: Prof. Ajay Singla

International Journal of Psychology and Psychoanalysis Editor-in-chief: Prof. Joaquim JF Soares

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Trauma Cases and Reviews Editor-in-chief: Prof. William Min

Clinical Medical Image Library Editor-in-chief: Prof.

International Journal of Transplantation Research and Medicine Editor-in-chief: Prof. Lydia M Petrovic

Journal of Otolaryngology and Rhinology Editor-in-chief: Prof. John E. Nathan

Journal of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology Editor-in-chief: Prof. Ryuichi Morishita

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International Journal of Womens Health and Wellness Editor-in-chief: Prof. Erich Cosmi

International Journal of Brain Disorders and Treatment Editor-in-chief: Prof. Terry Lichtor

International Journal of Clinical Biostatistics and Biometrics Editor-in-chief: Prof. James Michael Hardin