A Rare Case of Temporal Scalp Dermoid Cyst with No Intracranial Extension
Hatim Belfquih, MD, Hassan Baallal, MD and Adil Arrob, MD
Article Type: Clinical Images | First Published: November 29, 2021
Dermoid Cysts are considered congenital lesions, but not all of them are diagnosed at birth. Dermoid cyst involving subgaleal temporal area with no intracranial extension is a rare scalp swelling. We report a case of 37-year-old female patient presented with a history of a scalp swelling since birth. The swelling increased in size progressively. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed extracranial cystic lesion over the temporal bone with no intracranial extension. Cyst was excised comp...
Spinal Biomechanics Concepts of Pediatric Scoliosis and Trunk Shift Applied to Daily Tasks and Sports
Jean Brunette, PEng, MScA, PhD and André Bazergui, PEng, PhD
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 25, 2021
The etiology of pediatric idiopathic scoliosis remains poorly understood and it is likely that there is a combination of different factors responsible for its initiation and development. Although the literature highlights the importance of mechanical factors on spinal deformations, the concepts did not receive the attention and consideration they deserve. The Cobb angle is the gold standard value to assess the extent of spinal deformations and risk of progression. However from a biomechanical pe...
Impact of Adding Remdesivir to Tocilizumab in Hospitalized Patients with Coronavirus Disease
Chelsea A Schneider, PharmD, Jenny Martinez, PharmD, Kathleen Jodoin, PharmD and William R Wolowich, PharmD
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: November 25, 2021
Several treatments have been utilized in the management of COVID-19 and only remdesivir is FDA-approved at this time. Tocilizumab is an interleukin-6 antagonist that has controversial data regarding its benefits in hospitalized COVID-19 patients. Remdesivir in addition to tocilizumab has not shown any additive benefit to date; however, randomized controlled trials are in process. The objective of this study was to assess the role of tocilizumab with or without remdesivir in reducing mortality an...
Differences between Seated and Standing Low-Speed Treadmill Walking
David K. Brennan, Ph.D and Thomas W. Allen, DO, MPH
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 27, 2021
The purpose of this study was to compare the Energy Expenditure (EE) during very low-speed (< 2.0 mph) treadmill walking while seated to EE during upright treadmill walking. A convenience sample cohort study of nine volunteer participants (4 males; 5 females) M age 63.4 (± 10.5) years performed both seated (MuV) and standing walking (STW), across 0.5 mph, 1.1 and 1.5 mph velocities. For many people who are unable to jog or run, walking is a viable substitute for cardio/pulmonary and leg strengt...
Late Discovery of Pituitary Stalk Interruption
Jerbi Saida, Ben Fatma Abderraouf, Souissi Marouen and Ikbel Ammar
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 26, 2021
A 25-year-old male patient presented with delayed puberty, short stature. Hormonal assays showed anterior pituitary insufficiency. MR imaging showed a small-sized anterior pituitary gland pituitary (height mesaured 3 mm) with interrupted pituitary stalk (Figure 1) and an absent posterior pituitary gland (Figure 2). Pituitary stalk interruption syndrome is a congenital abnormality of the pituitary gland consisting of the triad of thin or interrupted pituitary stalk, small or absent anterior pitui...
Association between Screen Time and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors and Academic Achievement among Children
Monserrat Hernández-Luengo, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, María Eugenia Visier Alfonso, Andrés Redondo Tébar, Blanca Notario-Pacheco and Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno
Article Type: Cross-Sectional Analysis | First Published: November 24, 2021
Excessive screen time has been associated with a deleterious impact on cardiometabolic health and academic achievement in children; however, the evidence supporting these effects depends on the type of electronic device. To examine the association between the time spent watching television (TV) and using interactive electronic devices (computers, tablets, etc.) with cardiometabolic risk factors and academic achievement in school-aged children (8-11 years). Cross-sectional analysis was conducted ...
Comparison of Ziehl - Neelsen (ZN) Staining and Fluorescent (FL) Staining in Suspected Cases of Tuberculosis
Rekha Bhandari, Dushyant Singh Gaur, Aarti Kotwal and Anuradha Kusum
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: November 18, 2021
A total of 200 clinically suspected cases of tuberculosis were included in the study. All the cytological specimens procured were smeared and stained for both ZN and FL staining. A part of the sample was used for Lowenstein Jensen (LJ) culture. Patients on ATT were excluded from the study. The maximum cases were in the age group of 21- 30 years. In 57% cases, patients were male with M:F ratio of 1.3:1. The sensitivity of FL (95.83%) was more as compared to ZN (91.67%). The difference in the case...
Autopsy and Medicolegal Evaluation in a Case of Sudden Maternal Death from Pulmonary Embolism
Pawan Mittal, Prateek Karagwal, Meenu Gilotra, Amrita Kulhria, Abhishek Saini and Saurabh Juneja
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 18, 2021
Pregnancy and the postpartum period carry high risk of thromboembolic phenomenon which increases manifold postpartally. Multiple predisposing risk factors, usually acting in combination, add up to this risk. All three of the Virchow’s triad conditions predisposing to vascular thrombosis, i.e., endothelial injury, venous stasis and hypercoagulability, are present in pregnancy. The deaths caused by pulmonary embolism may become the subject of medicolegal investigation due a sudden and unexpected...
Prevalence and Factors Associated with Enuresis among Children in Adama City, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia
Nuru Hassen Ibrahim, Daniel Tolessa and Ephrem Mannekhulihe, MSc
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 22, 2020
Enuresis is voluntary or involuntary voiding of urine, occurring at least twice a week for 3 consecutive months in a child at least five-years-old. It can occur either during the day or at night time. There are two types of enuresis called primary and secondary enuresis. The word enuresis is derived from a Greek word enourein that means “to void urine.” Community based cross sectional study was carried out in the Adama city in all 18 kebele. An interview questionnaire was completed voluntari...
Recent Trends in Nanoparticles Based Drug Delivery for Tuberculosis Treatment
Chandni Pachouri, Bharat Patel, Sandhya Shroti, Sandeep Shukla and Archna Pandey
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 26, 2021
Current treatment therapeutic approach for tuberculosis is the administration of first line drugs in the form of tablets and capsules for 4-6 months however; this approach leads to sever adverse effect. Therefore, present study was designed to achieving local and sustained targeting of ant tuberculosis drugs in order to reduce dose n frequency. Nanoparticles (NPs) have been found to be potential targeted and controlled release drug delivery systems. Various drugs can be loaded in the NPs to achi...