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 Original Article 


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Published Date
August 23, 2018

Vol. 5, Issue 2

Supine Sleep during Polysomnography and the Diagnosis of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Dandan A, Dettenmeier P, Chang J and Espiritu JRD

Joseph Roland D Espiritu, MD, MSPH, FCCP, FAASM, Associate Program Director, Sleep Medicine Fellowship, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, USA, Tel: 314-977-4235.

Since the supine position worsens obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) by promoting upper airway collapse, patients may avoid supine sleep in order to mitigate its effects. However, the avoidance of supine sleep during polysomnography (PSG) may result in a missed diagnosis of OSA. This study aims to examine the association between the presence/absence of supine sleep and the diagnosis of OSA during PSG.

Citation: Dandan A, Dettenmeier P, Chang J, Espiritu JRD (2018) Supine Sleep during Polysomnography and the Diagnosis of Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Int J Respir Pulm Med 5:087.



 Case Report 


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Published Date
August 23, 2018

Vol. 5, Issue 2

An Incidental Case of Pulmonary Amyloidosis

Fatih Uzer and Hulya Dirol

Fatih Uzer, Department of Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey, Tel: 00905544811422.

Amyloidosis is characterized by extra-cellular deposition of an insoluble fibrillary protein, amyloid in organs and tissues. It is classified as either primary or secondary based on the presence of concomitant diseases, ranging from chronic infection or inflammation to malignancy and as limited or systemic based on the extent of organ invasion. The clinical and radiological manifestations of amyloidosis are varrious and often nonspecific, making amyloidosis a diagnostic challenge.

Citation: Uzer F, Dirol H (2018) An Incidental Case of Pulmonary Amyloidosis. Int J Respir Pulm Med 5:086.



 Research Article 


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Published Date
August 17, 2018

Vol. 5, Issue 2

The Effect of Atorvastatin on Right Ventricular Function in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Hoorak Poorzand, Fariba Rezaeetalab, Masoud Sadeghipour Marvy, Aida Javanbakht, Monavar Afzalaghaei and Majid Jalalyazdi

Fariba Rezaeetalab, Lung Disease Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, 9137913316, Iran, Tel: +98-51-38431252, Fax: +98-51-38431252.

Inflammation has an important role in chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) and statins are believed to have anti-inflammatory effects beyond low-density lipoprotein cholesterol reduction. This study aimed to assess the effect of statin on the function of the right ventricle and inflammatory markers in COPD patients.

Citation: Poorzand H, Rezaeetalab F, Marvy MS, Javanbakht A, Afzalaghaei M, et al. (2018) The Effect of Atorvastatin on Right Ventricular Function in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Int J Respir Pulm Med 5:085.



 Original Article 


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Published Date
August 16, 2018

Vol. 5, Issue 2

Visual HRCT Score to Determine Severity and Prognosis of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Ricardo Peris Sanchez, Estrella Fernandez-Fabrellas, Gustavo Juan Samper, Maria Luisa Domingo Montanana and Lidia Navarro Vilar

Ricardo Peris Sánchez, MD, Pulmonologist, Hospital Francesc de Borja, Medicina Av., 6, 46702 Gandia, Spain, Tel: +34-671-454-809.

High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) is an essential technique for the diagnosis and follow-up of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), but it is not routinely used to evaluate severity. A semi-quantitative HRCT score was developed to determine its relation with physiologic variables, to assess severity and fibrosis progression, and to establish prognostic factors.

Citation: Sanchez RP, Fernandez-Fabrellas E, Samper GJ, Montanana MLD, Vilar LN (2018) Visual HRCT Score to Determine Severity and Prognosis of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis. Int J Respir Pulm Med 5:084.



 Case Report 


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Published Date
July 26, 2018

Vol. 5, Issue 2

A Case of Primary Pulmonary Artery Intimal Sarcoma

Chiyo Yano, Masaki Tominaga, Keisuke Miwa, Yoshiko Naito, Yuki Sakazaki, Takuma Koga, Masaki Okamoto, Tomotaka Kawayama, Tomoaki Hoshino, Reiji Muto, Koichi Ohshima and Masanori Hisaoka

Masaki Tominaga, MD, PhD, Division of Respirology, Neurology and Rheumatology, Department of Medicine 1, Kurume University School of Medicine, 67 Asahi-machi, Kurume, Fukuoka 830-0011, Japan, Tel: +81-942-31-7560, Fax: +81-942-31-7703.

A 28-year-old Japanese woman complained of right chest pain, fever, and cough. Chest radiography revealed consolidation in her right lower lobe with a pleural effusion. She was diagnosed with pneumonia and treated with antibiotics, but her condition did not improve. She was referred to our hospital for evaluation. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) demonstrated a large saddle filling defect extending into the right pulmonary artery as well as the proximal lower lobe pulmonary artery branch.

Citation: Yano C, Tominaga M, Miwa K, Naito Y, Sakazaki Y, et al. (2018) A Case of Primary Pulmonary Artery Intimal Sarcoma. Int J Respir Pulm Med 5:083.



 Case Report 


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Published Date
July 14, 2018

Vol. 5, Issue 2

An Asymptomatic Haemorrhagic Pleural Effusion Mimicking Extra-Pulmonary Tuberculosis in a Young Woman with Thoracic Endometriosis Syndrome: A Case Report

Vipula R Bataduwaarachchi, Jayani Jayawardhana, Champa Weerasinghe, Aflah Sadikeen, Roshana Constantine and Kirthi Gunasekara

Corresponding author: Vipula R Bataduwaarachchi, Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, PO Box 271, Kinsey Road, Colombo 8, Sri Lanka, Tel: 0094-112697483, Fax: 0094-112697483, E-mail: vipbat7@yahoo.com

A young woman presented with an asymptomatic recurrent right sided pleural effusion. Pleural fluid full report showed neutrophilic and haemorrhagic effusion. Adenosine deaminase level in the pleural fluid was elevated and the Mantoux test was positive. Microbiological diagnosis was negative, and she was started on anti-tuberculous therapy on clinical grounds for extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Diagnostic Thoracoscopy revealed characteristic appearance suggestive of thoracic endometriosis which was confirmed by histology.

Citation: Bataduwaarachchi VR, Jayawardhana J, Weerasinghe C, Sadikeen A, Constantine R, et al. (2018) An Asymptomatic Haemorrhagic Pleural Effusion Mimicking Extra-Pulmonary Tuberculosis in a Young Woman with Thoracic Endometriosis Syndrome: A Case Report. Int J Respir Pulm Med 5:082.



 Research Article 


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Published Date
July 13, 2018

Vol. 5, Issue 2

Tuberculosis Diagnosis in Private Independent Laboratories in Kampala- Uganda Implications for TB Control in the City

D Lukoye, D Okello, S Namatovu, A SSebagereka, K Mutesasira, Mabumba Eldad, M Nandala and P Suarez

Corresponding author: Deus Lukoye, TRACK TB Project, Management Sciences for Health, Plot 15 Princess Anne Drive Bugolobi, P.O Box 71419 Kampala, Uganda, Tel: +256752882339, E-mail: deuslukoye@gmail.com

Tuberculosis remains the greatest killer globally. Uganda, one of the highest TB burden countries has a rapidly growing private medical sector. Although a large proportion of patients first seek care from the private sector, there is very little if any literature about participation of private independent laboratories in diagnosis of TB. We aimed at assessing this and the extent to which diagnosed TB patients are linked to care.

Citation: Lukoye D, Okello D, Namatovu S, SSebagereka A, Mutesasira K, et al. (2018) Tuberculosis Diagnosis in Private Independent Laboratories in Kampala- Uganda Implications for TB Control in the City. Int J Respir Pulm Med 5:081.



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