Oral Status of a Pediatric Patient with Merosine Negative Congenital Muscular Dystrophy
Livia Roberta Piedade De Oliveira, Ivete Pomarico Ribeiro De Souza and Carla Martins
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 22, 2018
Merosine Deficient Congenital Muscular Dystrophy (MDCMN) is a rare subtype of Muscular Dystrophy and it is defined as generalized hypotonic muscular syndrome. This case report aimed to describe the oral status of a six-year-old girl with MDCMN. The family's and child's chief complaint was bad breath. The child, who presented normal intelligence, had physical disability with mobility impairment and so, used wheelchair....
Decompressive Craniectomy in Pediatric Severe Head Trauma
Angel J Lacerda Gallardo, Daysi Abreu Perez, Miguel Mazorra Pazos, Gustavo P Valdivieso Caraguay, Gustavo M Obregon Criales and Paschal Edes Songoro
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 11, 2018
To evaluate in a general way the usefulness of early decompressive craniectomy in pediatric patients with severe traumatic brain injury, the time elapsed from the moment of trauma to the arrival at the neurotrauma center, Glasgow coma scale on admission and its possible association with discharge results and evaluate the results of the computerized tomography images on admission and sequential, as well as the behavior of intracranial pressure and cerebral perfusion pressure....
Serum 25(OH) Vitamin D Levels of Adolescent and Young Medical Students
Asli Derya Kardelen, Ismail Yildiz, Beyhan Omer and Fatma Oguz
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 30, 2018
Vitamin D has an important role in many parts of the body, it maintains serum calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) homeostasis and is necessary for the health of bones and muscles. It also has positive effects on the immune system. It has a protective effect against hypertension, cardiac disease, various cancers, type 1 diabetes, autoimmune and allergic diseases....
Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Caused by Klebsiella Pneumoniae in Preterm Newborn Infants
Kushnareva МV, Markhulia Kh М, Keshishyan ES and Semenov AV
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 19, 2018
Severe pneumonia had 10 infants, moderate stage was among 4 infants, an acute stage was observed in 12 patients, and prolonged stage was in 2 infants. Severe form of the disease was presented by pronounced symptoms of infectious toxicosis, respiratory and cardiovascular insufficiency, physical changes from the lungs. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia was developed in two infants....
The Different Approaches of Single Lung Ventilation in Infants with Pulmonary Malformation
Costanza Tognon, Luisa Meneghini, Francesco Fascetti Leon and Piergiorgio Gamba
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: February 17, 2018
Since many years, feasibility and safety of thoracoscopic surgery in infants with pulmonary malformations has been confirmed. Nevertheless, infants present some problems caused by the anatomical and physiological peculiarities typical of the age and of the size of the structures. Several ways to overcome these difficulties have been proposed to assure efficacy and safety of mono-pulmonary ventilation. The knowledge of the infant's respiratory physiology is essential to prevent complications and ...
Impact of Early Childhood Developmental Intervention Programs: Cost-Benefit Analysis Using a Proposed Model
Aravindhan Veerapandiyan, Lama Charafeddine, Durriyah Sinno and Mohamad A Mikati
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 31, 2018
Early Childhood Developmental Interventions (ECDIs) were developed with the aim of improving overall functional outcome of children over and above what the home environment provides. Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) of ECDIs using a flexible and easy to apply model that can complement the more granular and highly desirable CBA studies that often may be too difficult or too expensive to perform....