Prevalence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis among HIV Patients Attending Federal Medical Centre Asaba, Delta State
Odiase Edgar Onyeka, Olley Mitsan, Daniel Ohilebo Ugbomoiko, Theophilus Ogie Erameh, Ezekiel Dauda Gambo, Ofili Sandra Kanwulia, Muhammad Adamu Ibrahim and Paul Yiran Ntasin
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: 2023/10/09
Co-infection with tuberculosis (TB) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a major public health issue worldwide. Despite greater access to antiretroviral medication (ART), mortality in PLHIV remains high, with tuberculosis (TB) being the major cause of death. The rising prevalence of HIV/TB co-infection is concerning. Understanding the incidence of tuberculosis among HIV seropositive people...
AI in the Management of HIV: Case Study Cameroon
ANGYIBA Serge Andigema, NGNOTOUOM NGNOKAM Tania Cyrielle, KOUDOM Patrice Landry and ABENA Jerry Vladimir
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: 2023/07/19
With the spread of HIV, the world is currently confronting an unprecedented problem. The application of artificial intelligence (AI) to the management of HIV is a hotly debated subject. Over 6,000 people are newly diagnosed with HIV each year in the United States, where an estimated 1.2 million people have the disease (CDC, 2020). HIV-positive individuals need ongoing medical care as their condition worsens in order to track the virus' development and ensure that the right therapy is being given...
Cardiovascular Involvement in People Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus on Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
H.K. Aggarwal, Deepak Jain, P Harish, Shaveta Dahiya, Sandeep Kaur and Ashwani Kumar
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: 2023/06/21
The present study was a cross-sectional, observational study carried out in a tertiary care centre from January 2021 to July 2022. 200 HIV positive individuals on HAART for atleast 2 years were included who underwent ECG, chest radiograph, 2D Echocardiography and CD4+ T cell count along with other routine investigations. Presence of cardiovascular involvement was determined on the basis of echocardiographic abnormalities and these findings were associated with demographic, haematological and bio...
Aids and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: Report of a Case
López de la Cruz Denisse, Azucena Casanova Lara and María Valeria Jiménez Báez
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: 2023/06/15
AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is a condition caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system and weakens the body's ability to fight off infections and diseases. Approximately 37.6 million people (about twice the population of New York) worldwide are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) according to data from the Joint United Nations Program on HIV-AIDS....
Current Update of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2
Behre Dari Mosa, Yasin Awol Wabe and Neja Awol Mohammed
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: 2023/04/19
Coronaviruses are group viruses belong to Corona viridae family the order Nidovirales, and the genus Coronavirus. They are the largest group of viruses causing respiratory infections. There are four genera under this family; Alpha coronavirus, Beta coronavirus, Gamma coronavirus, and Delta coronavirus....
Antibody Response to SARS-CoV-2 in HIV Patients Co-Infected with COVID-19
Rumpa Saha, Alpana Raizada, Pooja Dewan, Kirti Nirmal, Vikas Saini, Amir Maroof Khan, Narender Singh Mogha, Shweta Jain, Sunil Gomber and Narender Pal Singh
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: October 30, 2021
As the spike protein of the SARS-CoV-2 envelope has been shown to be highly immunogenic and is the main target for neutralizing antibodies, the present pilot study aimed to evaluate the IgG antibody response to SARS-CoV-2 spike protein in HIV seropositive patients coinfected with COVID 19. This cohort study was carried out in Delhi with HIV seropositive patients infected with COVID -19 whose 6 consecutive blood samples were collected after a gap of every 15 days starting at day 20 post Covid-19 ...
Structural Racism and HIV Risk: Low African American Male to Female Sex Ratio and HIV Diagnosis Rates by State
Leonard Anang Sowah, MBChB, MPH, FACP and Brittany Yerkes, PA, MSc
Article Type: Brief Communication | First Published: October 28, 2021
HIV diagnosis rates in the US differ significantly by race and ethnicity. There are also geographic differences in HIV diagnosis rates across US states and regions. The determinants of these differences are not always easy to disentangle. Some believe structural racism may contribute to the differences in HIV diagnosis by race. This may also explain state and regional variations in HIV diagnosis. Using data from the 2010 US census and 2010 HIV surveillance data from CDC we did a test to determin...