Effects of Intermittent Preventive Treatment (IPT) of Malaria on the Birth Weight of Babies at Delivery in Dschang, West Region of Cameroon
Sabrina Lynda Kamga, Innocent M Ali, Ghislain Romeo NGANGNANG, KEPTCHEU TD Leonard and PAYNE V Khan
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 13, 2023
Malaria is an important public health concern among pregnant women, approximately 32 million of them are at risk annually. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), malaria represents annually more than 10.000 maternal deaths and 200.000 neonatal deaths too. Intermittent Preventive Treatment (IPT) is used to reduce disease in pregnancy and their effects on the newborn. Today the WHO recommends that at least three doses of IPT should be taken by pregnant women during Antenatal Care Visit ...
Assessment of the Knowledge, Attitude, Practices and Malaria Prevalence among Undergraduates
Temiloluwa Afolayan, Williams O Tanimowo, Azeez G Ibrahim and Huldah Oduwa
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 04, 2023
This study assessed the prevalence of malaria infection, associated risk factors, knowledge and practices about malaria among selected students in Lagos state, Nigeria. The study employed quantitative descriptive cross-sectional design, using pre-tested questionnaires and rapid diagnostic test kits to collect data from 172 University students in Lagos state. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 25....
Patient Invaded by 99 Mango Fly Larva - A Case Report
Köhler P, MD, Glosse H, Dogan, Oezguer, MD, Loff S and Staubach R, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 30, 2023
We report a 35-year-old patient that presented himself to volunteering doctors in the slums of Nairobi, Kenya. The patient has been suffering of a sensation of crawling on his back and the dorsal side of his arms. Furthermore, he mentioned multiple painful swelling increasing in size. Upon clinical status, multiple noduli was discovered in differing clinical stages....
COVID-19 Vaccine Acceptance and Hesitancy: A Continental Review
Olabode Ebenezer Omotoso, Tolulope Oladimeji, John Oluwafemi Teibo and Ayomide Oluwadarasimi Adebesin
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: June 09, 2022
There are various contributory factors that decide acceptance or ensure hesitancy among the populace which includes: Age, education, gender, residence, household income, marital status, religion, information source, access to vaccine and vaccine equity, etc. Major concerns, barriers, and motivators about vaccination were highlighted....
Clinical Profile of the Diagnosis and Treatment of Human Brucellosis in Ghindae Zonal Referral Hospital, Northern Red Sea Region, Eritrea
Esayas T Mehari, MD, Dawit Kidane, Abraham Dawit Jeff, Feven T Mehari, Michael Ghebrezghabiher and Fitsum Kibreab
Article Type: Original article | First Published: June 13, 2022
The study aims to uncover the burden of brucellosis in Ghindae Zonal Referral Hospital, the therapeutic approach used at the hospital, and the outcome of treatment....
Impact of a Group-Based Video and Interactive Group Session Addressing Diarrheal Disease, Helminthic and Schistosomiasis Infections, Hypertension and Diabetes on Short and Long- Term Improvement in Knowledge and Healthy Behaviors in Seroconcordant HIV-Negative Zambian Couples
Sharkey, MPH, DrPH (cand), R Parker, MSPH, KM Wall, PhD, K Malama, PhD, W Kilembe, MD, MSc, M Inambao, MD, MPH, A Tichacek, MPH, C Kwok, MPH, N Ahmed, MPH, DrPH, R Burke, MPH, RW Peeling, PhD and S Allen, MD, MPH
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 27, 2022
Non-communicable and neglected tropical diseases (NCD and NTD) contribute to high morbidity and mortality in Zambia. While the public health importance of NTD has long been recognized, prevalence of disease remains high. NCD are emerging as causes of morbidity and mortality. Knowledge of risk factors, diagnosis, management, and prevention of NCDs and NTDs in the general population is poor and as a result, low-cost commodities are insufficiently used. Urban couples recruited in five government he...
Isothermal Amplification-Based Detection Platforms for Pathogenic Leptospira Species in Flood and Environmental Waters
Rubigilda Paraguison-Alili, Renmar M Dela Cruz, Analiza M Balaga and Winston A Palasi
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 27, 2022
Detecting the occurrence of pathogenic Leptospira spp. is vital for public health implications and epidemiological studies. Different isothermal-based techniques ascribed to loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) to detect Leptospira spp. in black rats and spiked environmental waters were evaluated. In this study, modified platforms were designed to detect the lipL32 gene encoding the major outer membrane lipoprotein of Leptospira spp. Standard and direct dry isothermal technique platform...
Performance of GeneXpert in the Diagnosis of Tuberculosis in a Decentralized Area: Example of Hopital De La Paix, in Ziguinchor, Southern Senegal from 2016 to 2018
Kalilou Diallo, Ansoumana Diatta, Bruce Shinga Wembulua, Awa Camara, Habibou Sarr, Mame Ngone Coly, Alassane Diatta and Noel Magloire Manga
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 17, 2022
The Xpert MTB/RIF test is one of the innovative responses to the challenges of early diagnosis of tuberculosis and rifampicin resistance. Three years after the arrival of GeneXpert at La Paix hospital, we carried out this study in order to assess its contribution to the diagnostic process. This cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study focused on suspected tuberculosis patients whose pathological products were analyzed at the unit of microbiology of La Paix hospital of Ziguinchor, Senega...
Antimicrobial Resistance Patterns of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a Vietnamese Tertiary Care Hospital
Thi Ha Vo, PhD, Pharm, Quang Hien Bui, BSc, Pharm, Hoang Hai Nguyen, PhD, MD and Hong Tham Pham, BSc, Pharm
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: March 17, 2022
Vietnam is one of the countries at high alert of antibiotic resistance. This study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial susceptibility of P. aeruginosa isolates collected from a Vietnamese hospital in 2019. A retrospective review was conducted of all reports of P. aeruginosa isolates from the records of the laboratory of Nhan Dan Gia Dinh Hospital between January 01 2019 to December 31 2019. Of 224 samples, the most common infection from which P. aeruginosa was isolated was pneumonia in hospitali...
Understanding the Systemic Effects of COVID-19: Possible Clues to Potential Therapeutic Approaches
Oritoke M Aluko, Saheed A Lawal, Celestine S Reuben, Sikirullai O Jeje and Omamuyovwi M Ijomone
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: February 18, 2022
The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by the new severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It is an acute respiratory disease that causes life-threatening symptoms. This virus directly or indirectly affects the various systems of the body. In the respiratory system, it causes pulmonary edema, impaired oxygen diffusing capacity, difficulty in breathing, etc. In the nervous system, it causes encephalitis, thrombo-embolitic stroke, Guillan-Barr...
Analysis of IgG Responses to P. falciparum Antigens MSP1, MSP4-20 and MSP4-40 during Severe Malaria in Dakar, Senegal
Bruce Shinga Wembulua, Kalilou Diallo, Folly Mawulolo Gaba, Babacar Mbengue and Louise Fortes
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: February 07, 2022
Antibodies to merozoite surface antigens (MSPs), the primary targets of malaria vaccine research, are associated with low malaria morbidity. However, few studies have looked at the implications of their variations on the evolution of clinical-biological forms of severe malaria. This cross-sectional, prospective, and analytical study evaluates by ELISA the IgG responses directed against the antigens MSP1, MSP4-20 and MSP4-40 of P. falciparum during severe malaria in patients hospitalized in the i...