Eye Movements Induced by Stimulation of the Utricle
Hiroaki Ichijo, MD, PhD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 28, 2023
Pathophysiology of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is canalolithiasis in the semicircular canal. The principle of Epley maneuver is moving debris from a long arm to the utricle, therefore debris stimulates the utricular macula in the sitting position after the treatment. To clarify the characteristics of eye movements evoked by the stimulation of unilateral macula of the utricle....
Pasteurella multocida Submandibular Gland Abscess and Sepsis: Case Report and Literature Review
Antonio Mastroianni, MD, Sonia Greco, MD, Valeria Vangeli, MD, Maria Vittoria Mauro, MD, Daniela Perugini, MD, Francesca Greco, MD and Roberto Manfredi, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 23, 2023
Pasteurella multocida, a gram-negative coccobacillus, part of the normal oral flora of many domestic and wild mammals, has been described a widespread veterinary pathogen and has the potential to cause zoonotic infections in humans resulting from injuries caused by household or wild pets. Skin and soft tissue infections following a cat or dog bite are the more common manifestations of human infection. Salivary gland infections are somewhat common and viral infections, such as mumps, and bacteria...
Long COVID and COVID-Induced Ménière’s Disease: Overview and Recommendations
Elizabeth S England-Kennedy, PhD, MPH, CHES and Mahmoud Abdelfatah, BPS, MBA, FPGEE
Article Type: Literature Review | First Published: January 29, 2023
SARS-CoV-2, the infectious agent causing the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, often has long-term impacts on the health of those who survive initial infection and can lead to premature death. An understudied outcome of COVID-19 is its effect on the audiovestibular system. Impacts of the virus on this system create a pattern of disability similar to that of Ménière’s Disease (MD), a progressively degenerative condition that can cause severe falls and deafness. COVID-induced MD (CMD) impacts physica...
Earmold Impression Material Foreign Body in the Middle Ear as a Hearing Aid Impression Complication: A Case Report
Hawa SK, MD, SK Azura, B. Audiology, Halimahtun SS, MS ORL-HNS, Noorizan Y, MS ORL-HNS and Khir MA, MS ORL-HNS
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 19, 2022
Hearing aid is an electronic device fitted to the ear and designed to amplify and deliver sound to the ear. Upon fitting a hearing aid, patients are required to make an earmold impression material for device fixation based on patient’s personal preference, the shape and texture of the ear. Complications while making an earmold for hearing aids are rare but during this process, the impression material can be accidentally entered in the middle ear through a perforation on the tympanic membrane.....
Nasal and Neuropsychiatric Disorders in Post Mild Acute COVID-19
Diego Monteiro de Carvalho, Prof. Dr. José Cardoso Neto, Prof. Dr. João Bosco Lopes Botelho, Prof. Dr. Álvaro Siqueira da Silva, Dr. Carlos Mauricio Oliveira de Almeida, Dr. Marcus Vinicius Della Coletta, Ricardo de Queiroz Freitas, Wenberger Lanza Daniel de Figueiredo, Juliana Costa dos Santos and Luana Mattana Sebben
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: August 04, 2022
The spread of SARS-CoV-2 has triggered discussions on various forms of presentation of the COVID-19 and its possible sequelae. In particular, manifestations, including olfactory dysfunctions and neuropsychiatric manifestations, such as sleep disorders and anxiety....
Subcutaneous Emphysema in COVID-19 Managed with Surgical Tracheostomy: A Case Series
Dayang Anis Asyikin Ahmad Nazari*, Athira Farasyafiqa Azaman, Siti Halimahtun Sahab, Noorizan Yahya and Mohamad Khir Abdullah
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 29, 2022
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a multi-system infection which predominantly affects the respiratory system. Subcutaneous emphysema with or without pneumomediastinum and pneumothorax been recently reported as an unusual complication in cases of severe COVID-19 pneumonia....
Metastatic Hypopharyngeal Carcinoma without Nodal Involvement
Robert Taylor, BMedSci MBChB, MRCS (ENT), Atia Khan, MBChB, BSc, MRCS (ENT), Eugene Omakobia, MA (hons)(cantab), MB.BChir, MRCS (ENT), FRCS (ORL-HNS) and Raad John Glore, MD MRCSEd DO-HNS FRCS (ORL-HNS)
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 20, 2022
In the UK, patients with hypopharyngeal carcinoma are managed via a multidisciplinary team approach based on UK National MDT Guidelines. Hypopharyngeal cancer often presents late, 80% of patients presenting with Stage III or IV disease, with PET-CT recommended for these patients to assess for metastases....
How I Do It: Compressive Neck Dressing in Immediate Post- Laryngectomy Period To Reduce Pharyngocutaneous Fistula Rate
Tam Ramsey, MD, Katherine L. Webb, BS, Vilok Desai, BS, Gillian Ridler, BS, Shivaali Maddali, BS, Neil Gildener Leapman, MD and Lisa Galati, MD
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 30, 2022
Pharyngocutaneous fistula (PCF) is the most common complication of total laryngectomy. Our objective is to present our compressive neck dressing protocol and demonstrate its effectiveness in reducing the rate of pharyngocutaneous fistula (PCF) development in patients after primary total laryngectomy (TL) and salvage TL....
Exploring the Spectrum of Laryngeal Solitary Fibrous Tumor: A Comparative Analysis of 31 Cases with Systematic Review
Leoncini Giuseppe, MD, Zanetti Livio, MD, Centonze Giovanni, Msc and Milione Massimo, MD, PhD
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: April 28, 2022
The present review is based on a critical literature revision and aimed to identify the overall clinical behavior of laryngeal solitary fibrous tumor (SFT). Laryngeal hemangiopericytomas (HPC) were included, according to both their re-classification as the SFT’s cellular variant and the NAB2-STAT6 fusion gene. A case series was builded including a new case and other 30 previously published cases of laryngeal SFTs (Medline 1956 to 2021) with comparative purpose. Immunohistochemistry and molecul...
Two Stage Surgical Resection of a Retrochiasmatic Craniopharyngioma: A Case Study
Kaitlin I McArthur, BS, Ethan Miles, BS, Hector Perez, MD and Kenneth De Los Reyes, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 11, 2022
Here we report on a rare case of a retrochiasmic craniopharyngioma that required a two stage surgical resection to achieve near total resection. The pterionalorbital approach was chosen for initial resection, given the small size of the sinus corridor on imaging, but due to fear of damaging local structures complete resection was not achieved. The patient returned to the operating room 12 days following the first surgery for a combined neurosurgeryotolaryngology approach for endonasal endoscopic...
Chronic Rhinosinusitis and Coronary Heart Disease: A Population-Based Study
Chiung-Chang Lin, MD, Jen-Kai Weng, MD, Tsung-Han Yang, MD, Cheng-Ming Luo and Yung-An Tsou
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 07, 2022
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a well-known heterogeneous disorder due to its potentially infectious status along with long-term inflammation of the nose, paranasal sinuses, and lining of the nasal passages, which lasts for 12 consecutive weeks or longer. Although the definite pathophysiological mechanism is not clear, recent studies have postulated bacterial infections with biofilm or fungal colonization as the pathophysiological mechanisms. Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a critical public he...