International Journal of

Respiratory and Pulmonary MedicineISSN: 2378-3516

Current Issue

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410189

Risks Factors of Nosocomial Transmission of Tuberculosis among Healthcare Workers in Kaduna State, North Western Nigeria

Chiroma Laminu, Adesola Z. Musa and Tubosun A. Olowolafe

Article Type: Clinical Research | First Published: 2023/10/28

Prolong exposure to pulmonary tuberculosis patients, poor provision and effective implementations of tuberculosis infection prevention and control as well medical conditions like cancer and HIV are the risks factors of nosocomial transmission of tuberculosis among healthcare workers....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410188

Anti-Inflammatory Effects and Clinical Efficacy of Podo-Whan and Tulobuterol in Mild to Moderate Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Jae-Hoon Lee, Sung Hoon Jin and Jun Bae

Article Type: Clinical Research | First Published: 2023/08/13

The airway inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) does not respond well to the anti-inflammatory effects of corticosteroids. However, Podo-Hwan, a prescription in Korean traditional medicine, has been clinically used since the early 1900s for COPD and has reported sustained efficacy. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of Podo-Hwan and tulobuterol patch (a transdermal patch formulation designed to provide continuous 24-hour beta 2-agonist effects) treatment...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410187

The HRCT Imaging Findings of the Peripheral Pulmonary Vessels in Patients with Pulmonary Hypertension (PH)

Nobukata Kazawa, MD, PhD and Tetsuro Sugiura, MD, PhD

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: 2023/04/16

The prominence of the pulmonary vasculature and/or tortuosity (n = 16) and dilatation of the central PA (n = 39) with RV hypertrophy were frequently observed. The interlobular septal thickening (n = 18, 45%), and centrilobular (perivascular) ground glass opacities (n = 6, 15%) were clearly depicted on gapless HRCT. ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410169

Evaluation of Patient Outcomes of High Flow versus Low Flow Nasal Oxygen during Outpatient Bronchoscopy under Conscious Sedation at Thoracic Procedure Suite in Lyell McEwin Hospital

Singankutti Mudalige Thanuja Nilushi Priyangika, Moayed Alawami and Shanka Karunarathne

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: February 05, 2022

High flow nasal oxygen (HFNO) has been shown to reduce desaturations during flexible bronchoscopy. We evaluated outcomes of HFNO vs. low flow nasal oxygen (LFNO) on intraprocedural hypoxemia, the demand of sedative and reversal medications, postprocedure complications, procedure conversion to general anaesthesia and patient comfort during outpatient standard and EBUS (Endo Bronchial Ultrasound) guided bronchoscopy under conscious sedation. A Prospective open-label study where the first 42 patien...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410168

Sarcoidosis Presenting as a Case of Pulmonary Thrombotic Disease- An Unusual Presentation

Muhammad Haseeb ul Rasool, MBBS, Sara Z Khan, MD and Pervaiz Iqbal, MD, FCCP

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 24, 2022

Sarcoidosis is a chronic inflammatory disease involving multiple organ systems for which the inciting stimulus is unknown. It is characterized by elevated markers of inflammation and disseminated granuloma in the affected organs. Factor V Leiden deficiency has been long associated with an elevated risk of thrombosis, however, it has been observed in the patients having sarcoidosis, a secondary inciting stimulus is required to trigger the thromboembolic phenomenon, as to date only a few cases of ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410167

A Novel Approach to Confirm Endotracheal Tube Depth Using Ultrasound Color Doppler: A Cadaveric Model

Ariel Daube, MD, Leroy Phillips, MD, Erin West, MS, Lorraine Ng, MD, Lindsey T Chaudoin, MD, Arthur Smerling, MD and David Kessler, MD, MSc

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 24, 2022

Proper endotracheal tube (ETT) depth must be confirmed immediately after intubation. We developed a novel point-of-care ultrasound examination called the cuff puff (CP) and hypothesized it would accurately confirm appropriate ETT depth in a cadaveric model. CP comprises visualization of cuff inflation using color Doppler sonography. On a single fresh frozen cadaver, a well-positioned tube was defined as the tip lying between 6.5 cm below the vocal cords and 3 cm above the carina. The ETT was pla...

Volume 9
Issue 1