International Journal of

Sports and Exercise MedicineISSN: 2469-5718

Early Online

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510238

The Impact of Food Security Status on Body Composition Changes in Collegiate Football Players

Lee Stowers MS, RD, Tara Harman MS, RD, Greg Pavela, PhD and Jose R. Fernandez, PhD

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 31, 2022

Food insecurity negatively affects nutrition intake and diet quality, and college students specifically experience food insecurity in greater proportions than the general adult population. However, the prevalence and effects of food security among Division 1 college football athletes is unknown....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510237

Effects of High-Intensity Circuit Training in Obese and Overweight Population: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Irene-Chrysovalanto Themistocleous, Petros Agathangelou and Manos Stefanakis

Article Type: Clinical Trial | First Published: October 31, 2022

Obesity is a serious risk for various cardiovascular diseases and is often managed with increased physical activity and exercise. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of a minimal dose, High-Intensity Circuit Training (HICT) program on a range of cardiovascular risk factors in obese and overweight individuals....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510236

The Underlying Mechanism of Acupuncture on Enhancing Muscle Strength: A Review of Literature

Steve D Bailey

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: October 23, 2022

Methods to obtain an immediate and long- term increase in muscle strength and function are goals of rehabilitation practitioners, sports therapists, strength and condition coaches and athletes. There is a growing body of evidence to support the use of acupuncture for rehabilitation of muscle function following stroke and there is strong evidence to support the use of acupuncture to enhance muscle strength in healthy individuals....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510235

An Athlete’s Guide to Training in the Heat

Trevor Shaw DC, DACRB, CSCS, SFGII

Article Type: Editorial | First Published: October 23, 2022

Athletes face many factors that can limit performance. Proper nutrition, sleep, and even the environment are all contributing factors to an athlete’s overall performance. However, when we look a little deeper, the athlete’s ability to handle the environment can be one of the more difficult challenges. The healthy athlete’s ability to tolerate a hot climate during exercise can be the most significant threat to performance....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510234

Influence of the Menstrual Cycle on the Performance of Different Physical Tests Specific to Handball

MOUSSOUAMI Simplice Innocent, AGBODJOGBE Kpedetin Wilfrid Dieu Donné, BOUSSANA Alain Marc, LOUNIONGO God, ALONGO Yvon Rock Ghislain and BIO NIGAN Issiako

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 21, 2022

Nowadays, several scientific studies focus women’s the menstrual cycle and its impact on sports performance. However, the results of these studies are controversial. In This regard, the aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of the menstrual cycle on physiological responses, intermittent Yo-Yo test performance, repeated sprints and medicine-ball in elite women handball players. The sample of this study is 18.71 ± 0.72 years older female players....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510233

The Effect of Sports Drinks to Biochemical Signs on Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS) in Dehydrated Individuals Due to Eccentric Exercise

Ates Sendil, MD, PhD

Article Type: Clinical Research | First Published: October 14, 2022

The research was conducted on 24 healthy male subjects between the age of 20 and 30, who has not practiced any sports before, who has not taken part in any strength exercises in the past 3 months, and who does not smoke and use any medicine constantly such as antidepressants and diuretics which cause dehydration. No subjects below 18 were included in the study....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510232

Body Composition Changes in College Basketball Players Over Summer Training

Shaun Kuo, Aston Dommel and R Drew Sayer

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: September 17, 2022

Body composition is an important determinant of athletic performance that is directly influenced by training and detraining. Collegiate athletes experience substantial variability in training intensity during a season, but little research has been conducted to track changes in body composition across periods of intense training and breaks from structured sport-related activities....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510231

Body Composition Changes in College Athletes During Holiday Breaks

Aston Dommel and R Drew Sayer

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 26, 2022

Changes in eating and physical activity during the winter holiday season are commonly associated with weight gain in the general population. Concerns around weight and fat gain are also relevant to collegiate athletes who are generally unable to access on-campus dining and exercise facilities during this time....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510230

Comparison of Head Impact Magnitudes and Frequencies Between Intercollegiate Male and Female Lacrosse Players

Elizabeth Daidone Yates, MS, ATC, Katelyn Nelson, ATC, Debbie A. Bradney, DPE, ATC, Katherine M. Breedlove, PhD, ATC and Thomas G. Bowman, PhD, ATC

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 21, 2022

Research studies have examined effects of player position and type of play on head impacts in intercollegiate football players, but there is little available information on head impacts in lacrosse players...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510229

Running Performance during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Sriram Venkatesan, Mary Starrs, Sonja Eagle, Caleb Phillips and Grant S Lipman

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 20, 2022

The COVID-19 pandemic saw governmentimposed health mandates that contributed to profound work, exercise, and lifestyle changes. There was an observed increase in weight gain and sedentary behavior during the pandemic in United States, as well as increased outdoor exercise and running. While road race times have consistently slowed over the last few decades, it is unknown how running performance changed during the pandemic...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510220

Body Composition Changes in College Athletes during the COVID-19 Lockdown

Aston Dommel, Jose R Fernandez and R Drew Sayer

Article Type: Scientific Research | First Published: April 24, 2022

In the spring of 2020, COVID-19 shocked the college sports world with athletes having seasons abruptly canceled and sent home under mandatory lockdown orders. Athletes and athletic performance staff had no idea when they would be back on campus or have access to oncampus athletics facilities. This situation caused substantial concern regarding potential adverse changes to athletic performance and body composition in the athletes....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510228

Most Common Injuries in CrossFit Training: A Systematic Review

Channah Joelle Brandsema, Mirwais Mehrab and Nina Maria Cornelia Mathijssen

Article Type: Systematic Review | First Published: July 14, 2022

The injury rate for CrossFit training is relatively low in comparison to other fitness-related sports. Systematic reviews regarding the extent of number of injuries per body part and injury-related exercises in CrossFit training are scarce. The purpose of this study was to determine the injury prevalence and incidence in CrossFit participants, in particular of injured body parts, and to examine injury related exercises in CrossFit....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510227

The Role of Fitness Status and Sex on Metabolic Flexibility during a Bout of High-Intensity Interval Exercise and a High- Fat Meal Challenge

Alyssa A. Olenick, Regis C. Pearson, Nathan T. Jenkins

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 13, 2022

We explored whether High-Intensity Interval Exercise (HIIE) could provide a novel method to test metabolic flexibility during exercise. We also aimed to assess substrate oxidation during HIIE and in response to a high-fat meal to determine if these assessments of metabolic flexibility are influenced by fitness and sex....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510226

Validation of an Allometric Model to Predict Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Young adults from 20-M Shuttle Run Test Performance

Roger Ramsbottom , Alan M Nevill and Sharon A Plowman

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 11, 2022

Being able to screen for changes in CRF cost effectively as well as identifying variables to provide accurate values for aerobic fitness has been identified by numerous studies. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether published models were valid predictors of CRF in young adults using previously unpublished 20 m SRT (shuttle run test) data....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510225

Unilateral Seventh Rib Posterior Stress Fracture in a High School Baseball Pitcher

Mani Singh, MD, Nicholas Tsitsilianos, MD and Katherine Yao, MD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 29, 2022

Posterior rib stress fractures are rare injuries that may occur in the overhead athlete, most commonly at the first or second rib level in collegiate or professional players. The purpose of this article is to present the unique case of a lower thoracic posterior rib stress fracture in a high school pitcher, as well as to describe the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management of this condition....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510224

In the Elderly Population does Creatine Supplementation Play a Beneficial Role in Memory and Cognition A CAT Manuscript

Trevor Shaw

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: June 15, 2022

Creatine has been used for decades to aid in performance/ energy system output and even more recently in bone health. However recent literature has suggested creatine has much more far-reaching effects. A combined PubMed and Google scholar search within the last 7 years demonstrated numerous high-quality papers discussing the benefits of creatine on cognition....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510223

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Achilles Tendinopathy among University Soccer Players

Uchechukwu Martha Chukwuemeka, Chidinma Michelle Anyoku, Ifeoma Uchenna Onwuakagba and Uzoamaka Nwakego Akobundu

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 05, 2022

Tendinopathies especially that of the Achilles account for a significant amount of overuse injuries in sports that could hinder optimal performance in sport, might lead to permanent physical damage or disability, and it’s epidemiology is not extensively documented in our clime....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510222

The Effect of Implementation of Continuous Assessment in Practical and Theoretical Class for Sport Science Students

Fenta Bitew

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 05, 2022

The purpose of continuous assessment is to monitor learner’s progress so decisions can be made about the best way to facilitate further learning in terms of expected knowledge, skills, attitude and value. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of implementation continuous assessment in practical and theoretical class for sport science students....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510221

Effects of Acupuncture on Enhancing Muscle Strength: A Systematic Review

Steve D Bailey

Article Type: Systematic Review | First Published: April 21, 2022

A systematic literature search was performed on electronic databases from inception to 2020. The risk of bias was assessed by two reviewers (SB and BL). The PEDro scale was used to assess the methodological quality of the RCTs and the standards for reporting interventions in clinical trials of acupuncture (STRICTA) was used to assess the quality of the acupuncture intervention....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510219

Neuromuscular Electric Stimulation as an Alternative to Dynamic Warm-Up for Anaerobic Power Activities

Jason Wicke, Ben Chianchiano, Sara Garner and Jordan L Cola

Article Type: Scientific Research | First Published: April 14, 2022

The aim of this study was to compare short duration Neuromuscular Electric Stimulation (NMES) to traditional dynamic warm-up to prepare muscles for activity. Thirty college age participants (20 male, 10 female) completed both a general warm-up, followed by either an NMES warm-up or a dynamic warm-up. The participants were then asked to perform three trials each of standing long jump, 20m sprint, and 18.3m (20-yard) shuttle run, in random order. Each participant returned one week later and were t...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510218

Impact of Resistance Training on Sports Performance and Muscular Adaptations

Zachary M. Townsend

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: March 31, 2022

Resistance training helps contribute to sportsperformance and general health benefits. In particular, resistance training is linked to physiological adaptations causing increases in muscular strength, endurance, power, and hypertrophy. These muscular adaptations can be translated to improvements in sports performance. With this concept in mind, sports performance coaches can manipulate training variables in order to optimize athletic performance and help athletes achieve their goals. However, ad...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510217

Manual Therapy and Upper Quarter Training in an Adolescent Quarterback with Chronic Clinically Suspected Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: A Case Report with 1-Year Follow Up

Denny B and Brismée JM

Article Type: Case Study | First Published: March 30, 2022

The brachial plexus neurovascular bundle has been described as a pain generating entity in the upper quarter. Many factors contribute to neurovascular irritability, not least of which shoulder girdle mobility dysfunctions, particularly in the throwing athlete. This case study describes clinical identification of upper quarter impairments contributing to a suspected disputed neurogenic thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS) in a high school quarterback. Specific clinical examination using provocation, mo...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510216

Breast Injury in USA Female Water Polo Athletes

Laura J. Smith, PT, DPT, PhD, Tamara Eichelberger, PT, MPT, PhD and Edward J. Kane, PT, MSPT, ATC, PhD

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 16, 2022

Water polo is a very physical and aggressive sport and injury data for male water polo athletes is well established. However, the data is very scarce for women. Given that a recent study identified that almost half (47.9%) of female collegiate athletes experienced a breast injury during participation in basketball, soccer, volleyball, and softball, it warrants the investigation of the prevalence of female breast injuries during participation in water polo. The purpose of this study was to report...

Volume 8
Issue 2