Prevalence of Femoral Head Ostenecrosis in Patients with Falciform Anemia: A Bibliographic Review in Pediatrics
Valeria Botelho, Ingridy Caroline Ferreira Silva, Paula Braga Daltro, Indiry Caroline Ferreira Silva, Rodrigo Jorge de Souza da Fonseca, Jane Mary de Medeiros Guimarães, Gildásio Daltro
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: June 25, 2020
An electronic search for studies developed in the last 20 years in the main databases was carried out: PUBMED, SCIELO, MEDLINE and BIREME using the descriptors: Femoral head osteonecrosis, sickle cell anemia, prevalence associated with Boolean operators: or and and. Studies published in English, pediatric age range between 0 and 18 years and studies available for access, were adopted as limits. At the end, 28 scientific articles were found. After reading the title and summary, only one study fit...
The ACE2 Receptor in SARS-CoV-2 and HCoV-NL63: Potential Relationship with Kawasaki Disease in Children?
Ruth E Propper, PhD
Article Type: Letter to the Editor | First Published: May 29, 2020
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the illness caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is currently causing a global pandemic. Despite its easy transmissibility and oftentimes severe course in adults, children have been predominantly spared the worst of the disease, tending to suffer only mild illness. However, recently across multiple countries, there have been hundreds of anecdotal reports of Kawasaki, or Kawasaki-like disease, in children, potentially linked ...
Giant Thoracic Ganglioneuroma with Mass Effect: A Case Report
Adil ZEGMOUT, Hanane CHARAF, Abdelhalim BOUCAID, Youness AMCHICH, Hicham SOUHI, Hanane EL OUAZZANI, Ismail Abderrahmane RHORFI and Ahmed ABID
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 08, 2020
Thoracic ganglioneuromas are exceedingly rare. They arise from neural crest cells. These tumors are mostly asymptomatic, but massive tumors can present symptoms related to locoregional compression like dyspnea or scoliosis. We report a case of thoracic paravertebral giant ganglioneuroma in a 12-year-old child presenting as a large intrathoracic mass in the posterior mediastinum with intimate contact with the dorsal spine. That masse causes skeletal deformity and scoliosis. Scoliosis secondary to...
Impact of Low Grade Periventricular-Intraventricular Hemorrhage on Neurodevelopmental Outcome of Preterm Infants
Atef Alshafei, MRCPCH. MSc
Article Type: Review article | First Published: April 09, 2020
Improvement of neonatal intensive care in the modern era has greatly changed the demographic image with evolving new generation of extreme preterm survivors. And indeed, evolving new co-morbidities that influence the short and long-term outcomes of these infants. Periventricular-Intraventricular hemorrhage (PVH-IVH) is a significant health problem affecting the brain structures in a critical stage of development in preterm infants. Although the incidence has declined since the 80's of the last c...
Association between Sociodemographic Factors and Sleeping Patterns from Infancy to Four Years of Life in Saudi Community
Gigi Sam, Sarah Zinaf, Maha Hamoud and Noora Inad
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: February 13, 2020
Sleep is a prime factor of healthy development and has been associated with emotional, behavioural, and cognitive development. This study investigates sleep parameters and associated sociodemographic characteristics in a population-based online method in Saudi children from infancy to four years of life. A Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire (BISQ) for sleep assessment was made available to participants through the web link in Arabic language and were filled by the mothers. The target population we...
Methotrexate Associated Toxicity: An Alarming Benign Entity
Cristiana F Martins, Bruno Loureiro, Catarina Magalhaes, Isabel Rodrigues, Monica Costeira, Ana Maia, Augusto Ferreira, Catia Sousa and Tereza Oliva
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 13, 2020
An 11-year-old girl with lymphoblastic lymphoma, who presented a history of leukoencephalopathy, which mimicked stroke one week after receiving high doses of intravenous methotrexate. The patient’s symptoms completely improved within two days without sequels. Ten days after a new administration of methotrexate presented right-side hemiparesis and dysarthria. Again, with full resolution. Brain magnetic resonance scan was indispensable for diagnosis. The patient was discharged home without neuro...