Westphal ER, Nowak WS, Krenchinski CV (2019) Of Philosophy, Ethics and Moral about Euthanasia: The Discomfort between Modernity and Postmodernity. Clin Med Rev Case Rep 6:270. doi. org/10.23937/2378-3656/1410270


© 2019 Westphal ER, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

RESEARCH ARTICLE | OPEN ACCESS DOI: 10.23937/2378-3656/1410270

Of Philosophy, Ethics and Moral about Euthanasia: The Discomfort between Modernity and Postmodernity

Euler Renato Westphal1, Woryk Schöeder Nowak2 and Caciano Vinicius Krenchinski2*

1Full Professor of Bioethics, University of Joinville, Univille, Brazil

2Academics of Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Joinville, Univille, Brazil



To define euthanasia, as well as orthanasia, misthanasia and dysthanasia, to start from this, to discuss the different philosophical, ethical and moral visions that surround the subject.


Exploratory qualitative study which defined from the existing literature the pertinent concepts and from them brought discussions about euthanasia.


Euthanasia ("Good Death") and dysthanasia are medical procedures that concern the death of the human being and the most appropriate way of dealing with it. Euthanasia is primarily concerned with the quality of human life in its final phase, while dysthanasia seeks the extension of the human life quantity, fighting death. Euthanasia differs from social euthanasia, or misthanasia (miserable death) because it has no relation with the search for a good, smooth and painless death. Orthothanasia (art of well-dying) rejects all forms of misthanasia, yet does not fall into the trap of euthanasia or dysthanasia. There is a link between the economic devaluation of human beings and the cultural tendency that is increasingly emphasized in refusing the will of the right to live for those who are too weak to demand this right.


A dichotomy between favorable views and contrary to euthanasia was obtained. This discussion is surrounded by modern moral, ethical and philosophical values that conflict with of the postmodernism. Euthanasia within a modern concept cannot be contemplated with the dominant values of the Christian morality. This moral is incorporated by the norms of health accepted by the majority of health professionals.