Hang D, Ellinas H, Dolinski SY (2018) Iatrogenic Nerve Injury Resulting in Respiratory Failure after Mediastinoscopy. Int J Anesthetic Anesthesiol 5:077.


© 2018 Hang D, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

CASE REPORT | OPEN ACCESS DOI: 10.23937/2377-4630/1410077

Iatrogenic Nerve Injury Resulting in Respiratory Failure after Mediastinoscopy

Dustin Hang1, Herodotos Ellinas1* and Sylvia Y Dolinski2

1Department of Anesthesiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Wisconsin, USA

2Clement J Zablocki Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Wisconsin, USA


Acute respiratory failure is divided into four categories: hypoxemic (type I), hypercarbic (type II), perioperative (type III) and shock (type IV). We present a case of perioperative respiratory failure in a patient with iatrogenic phrenic nerve injury after mediastinoscopy and the implications for a high index of suspicion as well as appropriate diagnostics.