International Journal of

Anesthetics and AnesthesiologyISSN: 2377-4630

Current Issue

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-4630/1410109

A Series of Erector Spinae Plane Blocks Reduced Pain and Opioid Consumption in Patients with Post Herpetic Neuralgia: Two Patient Cases

Yuvaraj Kotteeswaran, MD, Varuna Manoo, MD, Alexander McLaren-Blades, MD, Michael Kahn, MD, Alexander Huang, MD and Hance Clarke, MD, PhD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 26, 2020

Intense, refractory neuropathic pain is an unfortunate complication following a Herpes Zoster (HZ) infection/ rash and is regarded as post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN). The risk of PHN increases with age. The erector spinae plane (ESP) block has been demonstrated to block transmission through the thoracic and lumbar spinal nerves. This report describes two patients that were able to significantly reduce their chronic pain medications following a series of ESP blocks....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-4630/1410108

Sugammadex-Is Cost the Only Drawback?

Michael W Lew, MD and Joseph Chang, MD

Article Type: Letter to the Editor | First Published: June 04, 2020

Residual muscle paralysis is an important safety issue, with multiple studies demonstrating an association with increased postoperative complications. The pathophysiology of these complications isn’t difficult to explain. One can only imagine the signs and symptoms in an awake patient (i.e. the panic from not having the strength to take a deep breath or move at full strength; the anxiety of not controlling one’s body movement). A study by the Cleveland Clinic demonstrated that major complica...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-4630/1410107

Massive Subcutaneous Emphysema and Intraoperative Hypercarbia after Transanal Endoscopic Microsurgery (TEMS)

Abhishek Singh, Apala Roy Chowdhury, Ameya Pappu and Puneet khanna

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 06, 2020

Transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEMS) is minimally invasive, safe and highly effective treatment modality for resecting small rectal lesion like adenomas, early stage carcinoma and strictures. We describe an unusual case of massive subcutaneous emphysema and hypercarbia secondary to TEMS leading to ventilatory difficulty and post-operative mechanical ventilation. Extra peritoneal insufflation of CO2 at high pressure, for prolonged duration and extent of tissue dissection are some of the predi...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-4630/1410102

Postpartum Infectious Sacroiliitis Temporally-Related to Continuous Labor Epidural Analgesia: Was the Epidural to Blame? A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Mafdy Basta, MD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 26, 2020

Infectious (bacterial) sacroiliitis, though rare, yet needs to be considered at the differential diagnosis of back/leg pain in parturients. The following is a case of infectious sacroiliitis in a postpartum patient that presented four days after delivery with hip and leg pain. Interestingly, the patient’s labor analgesia was conducted with a continuous lumbar epidural analgesia; however, a causal relationship remains to be determined....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-4630/1410101

General Anesthesia Affecting on Developing Brain: Evidence from Animal to Clinical Research

Xinyue Liu, MD, Jing Ji, MD and Guo-Qing Zhao, MD, PhD

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: January 04, 2020

As the recent update of General Anaesthesia compared to Spinal anaesthesia (GAS) studies has been published in 2019, together with other clinical evidence, the human studies provided an overwhelming mixed evidence of an association between anaesthesia exposure in early childhood and later neurodevelopment changes in children. Pre-clinical studies in animals provided strong evidence on how anaesthetic and sedative agents (ASAs) causing neurotoxicity in developing brain and deficits in long-term c...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-4630/1410100

Perioperative Management of Multiple Intracranial Nail Gun Injuries

Matthew B Ellison, MD, Jeremy Hensley, MD, Roy E Henrickson, MD, Jeffrey Puette, MD, Jason Shepherd, MD, Daniel Sloyer, MD and Pavithra R Ellison, MD

Article Type: Case Rep ort | First Published: January 04, 2020

A 51-year-old male presented to the emergency department with four self-inflicted nail gun wounds. Computed tomography angiography demonstrated three nails penetrating the frontal bone toward the falx cerebri causing small subdural hematomas. The fourth nail penetrated the parietal bone posteriorly, ending very close to the vein of Galen. Despite the ominous-appearing imaging, the patient was neurologically intact and cooperative to the point that consideration was given to the possibility of re...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-4630/1410099

Does Esmolol Havean Effect on Erythrocyte Deformability in Rat Lower Limb Ischemia Reperfusion Injury?

Ali Dogan Dursun, Faruk Metin Comu, Aysegul Kucuk, Ulku Sabuncu, Nevriye Salman, Timucin Sabuncu, Gulay Kip, Omer Kurtipek and Mustafa Arslan

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 20, 2019

Ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury is a common problem in vascular surgery. We aimed to investigate the effects of esmolol on erythrocyte deformability in rat lower limb I/R injury. Following Ethics Commitee approval 24 rats were randomly divided into 4 groups, Control (Group C), Esmolol (Group E), Ischemia-reperfusion (Group I/R), I/R-Esmolol (Group I/R-E). In I/R group, atraumatic microvascular clamp was placed to infrarenal abdominal aorta. After 120 minutes from ischemia, the clamp was remove...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-4630/1410098

Anaesthesia Monitoring using Artificial Intelligence Techniques

Harry Mc Grath, Colin Flanagan, Liaoyuan Zeng and Yiming Lei

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 07, 2019

Artificial Intelligence (AI) will change our lives beyond recognition, it will have a far bigger impact than the internet or mobile technology. We are now at the threshold where machine intelligence is comparable with human intelligence, in certain limited aspects, for the first time in history. Enhancements in technology, both software and hardware, have resulted in some human decision-making being inferior to, and more erratic than, AI in many fields, including medicine. However, it is widely ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-4630/1410097

Levo-Bupivacaine vs. Ropivacaine for Post-Operative Pain Relief after Pre-Emptive Intraperitoneal Instillation in Laparoscopic Appendicectomy

Thiruselvi Subramaniam and Tan Ann Jee

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: October 26, 2019

Pain in the immediate postoperative period is found to be less after laparoscopic than after conventional surgical techniques. Ropivacaine is often in favour of Bupivacaine to avoid the risks of toxicity. Levo-bupivacaine, a safer version of bupivacaine is a contender to Ropivacaine. We compare the pain relief provided by Ropivacaine and Levo-bupivacaine instilled intra-abdominally during laparoscopic surgery for acute appendicitis. This is a double blinded randomized placebo- controlled study c...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-4630/1410086

Perioperative Management in Patients with Factor XI Deficiency

Antoine Legrand, Remi Bouquerel, Antoine Strzelecki, Benjamin Le Gaillard, Christophe Pelletier, Mireille Houadec and Edmundo Pereira de Souza Neto

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 13, 2019

White French female patient, 56-years-old, 76 kg, 170 cm, was scheduled for a Left knee arthroplasty. Vital signs (blood pressure, temperature, oxygen saturation and Glasgow coma score) were normal. His ASA physical status was 2 and she had no treatment. Past medical history found a cervicobrachial neuralgia. Past surgical history consisted of bilateral hallux valgus, left knee arthroscopy, blepharoplasty and an ovarian ectopic pregnancy....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-4630/1410085

N-Terminal Pro-Brain Natriuretic Peptide in Post Cardiac Surgery as a Predictor of Ventilator-Weaning Outcomes

Wacharin Sindhvananda, MD, MPH, PhD, Chonlada Bunpeth, MD and Nuthathai Chareonkulnawanun

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: March 09, 2019

An increase of NT-proBNP has been proved to be a predictor for ventilator weaning failure in several medical conditions. However, relation between NT-proBNP and ventilator-weaning outcomes after cardiac surgery has not yet been elucidated. This study was to investigate relationship between blood NT-proBNP and ventilator-weaning outcomes. A prospective analytical study was at Cardiovascular-thoracic intensive care unit. Cardiac-surgery patients (age 18-80 Y, consented and without exclusion criter...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-4630/1410084

Acute illness, Co-morbidity and Mortality in a Norwegian Intensive Care Population

K Tollisen, M Bjerva, GT Dahl, NK Meidell, L Sandvik, F Heyerdahl and D Jacobsen

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: February 16, 2019

Intensive care units (ICU) provide advanced health care for seriously injured and ill patients, demanding vast economic resources. The population is aging and the need for intensive care beds is expected to increase considerably over the next decades. This will have serious implications for planning and financing of the health care system. Descriptive studies of intensive care patients are needed to ensure that the health services can meet future needs. Evaluation of ICU services are challenging...

Volume 6
Issue 1