Dermatological manifestations are frequent and varied among chronic hemodialysis patients. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and characteristics of cutaneous abnormalities observed in hemodialysis patients.
We led a transversal study, conducted at the Nephrology Department of the 5th Military Hospital in Guelmim, from March to May 2017, including 44 hemodialysis patients.
The mean duration of hemodialysis was 61.81 months. Causes of end stage renal failure were diabetes (45.45%), high blood pressure (13.63%), lithiasis (4.54%), gout (4.54%), reflux nephropathy (4.54%), glomerulonephritis (4.54%), and indeterminate (22.72%). All our patients had dermatological abnormalities. Pruritus (63.63% of patients), Cutaneous xerosis (40.9%), hair loss (36.36%), and hyperpigmentation (22.72%) were the most common skin manifestations. 68.16% of our patients had nail disorders.
The knowledge of these manifestations allows a proper care, so to improve the quality of life of the hemodialysis patient.