Join Us | Latest Articles | Contact

Journal Home

Editorial Board

Recent Articles

Submit to this journal

Special Issues

Current issue

Clinical Medical Image Library

Severe Complications of Laparoscopic Surgery as a Result of Incorrect Abdominal Wall Closure

Sheila Serra Pla*, Xavier Serra Aracil, Pere Rebasa Cladera, Laura Mora Lopez and Salvador Navarro Soto

Hospital Universitari Parc Tauli, Parc Tauli, Spain

*Corresponding author: Sheila Serra Pla, General Surgeon, Hospital Universitari Parc Tauli, Sabadell, Barcelona, Spain, E-Mail:
Clin Med Img Lib, CMIL-1-013, (Volume 1, Issue 2); ISSN: 2474-3682
Published Date: October 30, 2015
Citation: Pla SS, Aracil XS, Cladera PR, Lopez LM, Soto SN (2015) Severe Complications of Laparoscopic Surgery as a Result of Incorrect Abdominal Wall Closure. Clin Med Img Lib 1:013
Copyright: © 2015 Pla SS. This is an open-access content distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


The appearance of hernias at laparoscopic trocar incision sites remains one of the unresolved complications of laparoscopic surgery. Closure of these incisions is difficult, and in fact complete closure is not usually achieved. Hernias may appear in the long term or even in the immediate postoperative period, and may be extremely serious. We present two cases of patients who suffered early hernias in the immediate postoperative laparoscopic surgery in trocar incision sites, with serious life-threatening complications. To avoid these complications we recommend closing all orifices made by trocars of 10mm or more with the incorporation of the peritoneum into the fascial closure. The Carter-Thomason device allows hermetic sealing of the components of the wall in order to reduce the risk of hernias.


Hernia/etiology, Port-site hernia, Laparoscopy/adverse effects, Surgical Instruments/adverse effects, Suture techniques.


The appearance of hernias in laparoscopic trocar incisions is a complication unresolved, with an incidence between 1 and 6% [1-3]. We present case reports of two patients who presented early life-threatening site hernias.

Case presentation

Clinical case 1

Female patient aged 84. No clinical history of note. Admitted for elective surgery due to a complete rectal prolapse.

Laparoscopic ventral mesh rectopexy was performed uneventfully with fascial closure with absorbable suture of the two 12 mm trocars' incisions.

At 48 hours after surgery, reported sudden onset of a painful mass in the right lower quadrant. Computed tomography (CT) revealed herniation of small bowel loops through the trocar incision in the right iliac fossa with signs of low contrast uptake (Figure 1). Emergency surgery identified correct fascial closure and herniation of a large segment of the small intestine in the pre-peritoneal space with signs of necrosis. Intestinal resection and a simple closure of the aponeurosis incorporating the peritoneum were required.

One month later, the patient was readmitted with abdominal pain and a re-emergence of an irreducible mass at thesame level. A second reoperation revealed the opening of the suture containing about 70 cm of viable transverse colon. The defect was repaired with an onlay polypropylene mesh over the suture.

Clinical case 2

Female patient, 45 years old with BMI (Body Mass Index) of 45.5 kg/m2 and a history of hypertension, hypothyroidism and a previous ineffective sleeve gastrectomy. Admitted for elective surgery for gastric bypass, performed uneventfully via laparoscopic approach. At 48 hours after surgery presented nausea, vomiting, and diffuse abdominal pain. CT (Figure 2) showed a small intestinal hernia through the trocar incision made in the left flank.

Surgery revealed a tear in the fascia suture with protrusion of a small bowel loop, with no signs of suffering. The loop was reduced and the repair uneventfully performed with an onlay mesh.


Laparoscopic has substantially improved patients' postoperative evolution. However, the use of trocars is associated with the emergence of new complications.

To prevent from trocar site hernias the current recommendation is the 10 mm or larger defects closure [1-5]. Special care must be taken in patients with risk factors for trocar site hernia as advanced age [5,6], wound infection [4,6,7] and obesity [4-7].

Early postoperativeherniasare usually severe as they tend to be associated with small bowel obstruction [1,2].

The hernia may protrude through various levels in the components of the abdominal wall [4]. To avoid hernia above the preperitoneal fat, closure of the peritoneum together with the abdominal fascia is recommended [1,2].

More than 15 closing techniques are available. In 2007 Shaher et al. [1] performed a review that established that the Carter-Thomason device achieved significantly faster and safer closure.


To prevent hernias and their potential complications in laparoscopic surgery, we recommend systematic closure of all 10-12 mm trocar incisions, incorporating the peritoneum, at the start of surgery. Using the Carter-Thomason device makes this maneuver simpler and safer. In cases of incarcerated hernia, we recommend repair using a mesh.

International Journal of Anesthetics and Anesthesiology (ISSN: 2377-4630)
International Journal of Blood Research and Disorders   (ISSN: 2469-5696)
International Journal of Brain Disorders and Treatment (ISSN: 2469-5866)
International Journal of Cancer and Clinical Research (ISSN: 2378-3419)
International Journal of Clinical Cardiology (ISSN: 2469-5696)
Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology and Treatment (ISSN: 2469-584X)
Clinical Medical Reviews and Case Reports (ISSN: 2378-3656)
Journal of Dermatology Research and Therapy (ISSN: 2469-5750)
International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research (ISSN: 2377-3634)
Journal of Family Medicine and Disease Prevention (ISSN: 2469-5793)
Journal of Genetics and Genome Research (ISSN: 2378-3648)
Journal of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology (ISSN: 2469-5858)
International Journal of Immunology and Immunotherapy (ISSN: 2378-3672)
International Journal of Medical Nano Research (ISSN: 2378-3664)
International Journal of Neurology and Neurotherapy (ISSN: 2378-3001)
International Archives of Nursing and Health Care (ISSN: 2469-5823)
International Journal of Ophthalmology and Clinical Research (ISSN: 2378-346X)
International Journal of Oral and Dental Health (ISSN: 2469-5734)
International Journal of Pathology and Clinical Research (ISSN: 2469-5807)
International Journal of Pediatric Research (ISSN: 2469-5769)
International Journal of Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine (ISSN: 2378-3516)
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases and Treatment (ISSN: 2469-5726)
International Journal of Sports and Exercise Medicine (ISSN: 2469-5718)
International Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy (ISSN: 2469-570X)
International Journal of Surgery Research and Practice (ISSN: 2378-3397)
Trauma Cases and Reviews (ISSN: 2469-5777)
International Archives of Urology and Complications (ISSN: 2469-5742)
International Journal of Virology and AIDS (ISSN: 2469-567X)
More Journals

Contact Us

ClinMed International Library | Science Resource Online LLC
3511 Silverside Road, Suite 105, Wilmington, DE 19810, USA


Get Email alerts
Creative Commons License
Open Access
by ClinMed International Library is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License based on a work at
Copyright © 2017 ClinMed International Library. All Rights Reserved.