Clinical Medical Image Library offers an eclectic mixture of prime quality pictures on clinical and medical subjects, together with clinical drugs, up-to-date diagnostic scans, technical illustrations and research. The search results for clinical images and medical images - open access platform, remarkable or note-worthy clinical pictures. The definitive on-line case-based medical learning web site includes links to the most effective images from different departments.

Imaging modalities include clinical and medical field classified into sub fields - Radiology, Biological imaging which merges with Radiology which uses advanced techniques in MRI, X-ray, Ultra sonography, Clinical and Medical photography, Tactile imaging, Nuclear medicine imaging. Journal widely covers scientific investigative disciplines including biomedical engineering, medical sciences. Authors are invited to submit clinical, biomedical, anatomical, physiological pictures, photography work and image, image-guided procedures, tomography, radio imaging etc. The Journal accepts top quality works submission at this context and publishes among a month if the artworks are accepted for publication.

 
Journal Information

Title: Clinical Medical Image Library

ISSN: 2474-3682

Editor-in-chief: Euishin Edmund Kim

NLM title abbreviation: Clin Med Img Lib

ISO abbreviation: Clin Med Img Lib

Other titles: CMIL

Category: Imaging

DOI: 10.23937/2474-3682

Peer review: Double blind

Review speed: 3 weeks

Fast-track review: 10 days

Publication format (s): Electronic and print

Publication policy: Open Access; COPE guide

Publication type(s): Periodicals

Publisher: ClinMed International Library

Country of publication: USA

Language: English

Contact email: contact@clinmedjournals.org

 
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 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510119

Midgut Volvulus: The Whirlpool and Corkscrew Signs

Jessica Kris and Monica Epelman

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: Image Article

An 8-week-old male was referred to the emergency room from his primary care physician, with bile-tinged vomiting since birth increasing in frequency over the past 2 days. He was born at 39 weeks via spontaneous vaginal delivery, and has been otherwise a healthy child. His examination was rather unremarkable; his vitals were stable, he was mildly dehydrated, but alert, and had a soft, non-tender, non-distended abdomen with normal bowel sounds. The...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510118

Electric Stimulation of Human Nasal Conchae towards Reproduction of Olfactory Sensations

Kasun Karunanayaka, Sharon Kalu Ufere, Hanis Camelia and Adrian David Cheok

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: October 31, 2018

The human nose is a complicated and smart part of the chemosensory system. Humans have multifaceted olfactory bulbs and orbitofrontal cortices, which provide them with more sensitive and dynamic abilities for the sense of smell, and as such humans could detect at least 1 trillion different smells. In the olfactory epithelium, odour molecules bind to olfactory receptors which are expressed in olfactory sensory neurons in the nose. Once an odorant binds to the receptor, the olfactory receptors tri...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510117

An Unusual Cause of Lung Micro-Nodules: Pulmonary Ossification

Caio Julio Cesar dos Santos Fernandes and Christina Shiang

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: October 04, 2018

An 81-years-old patient presented himself with dyspnea on exercise and dry cough, for 3 months. He was being treated to Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia in the prior 6 months and had non-requiring dialysis chronic renal failure as a consequence of the disease. High-resolution CT scan showed pulmonary micro-nodules with some predominance in the bronchial-vascular axis (Figure 1). Due to the findings in the CT scan and the high prevalence of the dis...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510116

Bilateral Isolated Lateral Semicircular Canals Aplasia: MRI Findings

Serdar Arslan, Hasan Erdogan, Mehmet Sedat Durmaz, Fatma Zeynep Arslan, Fatih Oncu and Ismet Tolu

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: October 04, 2018

A 38-year-old man was admitted to our department due to recurrent sensations of imbalance and vertigo for two years. Moderate bilateral sensorineural hearing loss was detected. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated bilateral isolated aplasia of the lateral semicircular canals (Figure 1). Bilateral superior and posterior semicircular canals were normal. No cochlear malformation and no pathological contrast enhancement were detected. The internal...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510115

Coronary-Bronchial Collaterals in Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension

Caio Julio Cesar dos Santos Fernandes, Monique S Pessi, Ellen Pierre de Oliveira, Daniela Calderaro and Rogerio de Souza

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: October 03, 2018

Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a form of hypertension pulmonary due to a mechanical obstruction of pulmonary arteries, which is caused by organized fibrotic thrombi. Consequences of pulmonary artery obstruction are an increase in pulmonary vascular resistance with pulmonary hypertension and heart failure. The main chest CT findings in CTEPH are the artery pulmonary enlargement and failure fill branches. Since there is a ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510114

Meyerson Phenomenon Simulating a Halo Nevus

Salma Salim, Senouci Karima, Znati Kaoutar and Badredine Hassam

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: October 01, 2018

Meyerson phenomenon (MP) is an uncommon clinical condition that is characterized by an eczematous halo surrounding a preexisting melanocytic nevus (MN) and numerous other lesions. The etiology is unknown and the main concern is malignant transformation. We report an original case of a MP simulating a halo nevus. MP is an uncommon clinical condition that is characterized by an eczematous halo surrounding a preexisting MN and numerous other lesions...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510113

Cavernous Hemangioma of Spinal Cord: A Clinical Image

Seyed Ahmad Mirhosseini, Mohammad Ebrahim Ghanei, Ehsan Zarepur and Reza Bidaki

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: October 01, 2018

The patient is a 40-year-old married man was referred with the complaint of low back pain. The pain was referred to proximal of lower limbs. Past medical history was negative. The cranial nerves exam were normal. The first diagnosis was a discal hernia. After lumbar MRI, a thickening was determined in the upper section. Therefore, another MRI with gastrographine was done for upper parts. A mass was detected in spinal foramen. Following surgery, t...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510112

Purpura Fulminans and Refractory Shock in a Child

Madhuradhar Chegondi and Adalberto Torres

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: September 29, 2018

A previously healthy, 5-year-old boy was visiting the USA from Europe one week ago. He presented to our hospital with 18 hours history of high-grade fever, rash, vomiting, and progressive lethargy. On physical exam, he was obtunded, febrile, tachycardic, tachypneic, hypotensive and with a nonblanchable purpuric rash on the face and extremities. A possibility of Meningococcemia considered. Fluid resuscitation, broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy sta...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510111

Coronary to Pulmonary Artery Fistula as a Main Source of Pulmonary Blood Flow in Pulmonary Atresia and Ventricular Septal Defect

Isam Bsisu, Ali Abualhija and Iyad Al-Ammouri

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: September 28, 2018

We report a large fistula between left main coronary artery and pulmonary trunk as major source of pulmonary blood flow in a patient with pulmonary atresia and ventricular septal defect.Pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect is associated with variable aortic to pulmonary arterial connections. Coronary artery to pulmonary artery collaterals are rare sources of pulmonary blood flow, and when present, they are associated with other major ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510110

Giant Congenital Melanocytic Nevus: About a Case

Salma Salim, El Meknassi Ilham, Sqalli Asmae and Badredine Hassam

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: September 27, 2018

Giant congenital melanocytic nevi (GCMN) are a rare occurrence. They arise from mutations in either BRAF or NRAS genes. The major complications associated with GCMN are malignant melanoma and neurocutaneous melanosis. Management of GCMN is symptomatic. We present a rare case of a 20-year-old woman born with GCMN. Congenital melanocytic nevi (CMN) are large brown-to-black skin lesions caused due to genetic mutations which leads to abnormal prolife...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510109

Significance of 3D Imaging in Oncologic Assessment

Rahmanuddin Syed, Korn Ron, Cridebring Derek, Burkett Doug and Von Hoff Daniel

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: September 27, 2018

3D Advanced imaging including Artificial Intelligence is becoming very important tool in diagnosing cancer and playing vital role in surgical and oncological assessment. This technology is advancing further to play major role in the early detection of the cancer. In this picture author is showing pancreatic cancer and its relationship with the vessels which elaborate the tumor growth and severity on each pixel basis. Pancreas on image shows tumor...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510108

Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty Surgery with a Modular Coned Hemipelvic Implant in a Young Patient for the Treatment of Septic Hip Arthroplasty

Bahtiyar Haberal, Orcun Sahin and Huseyin Demirors

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: September 26, 2018

38-year-old male patient who had total hip arthroplasty surgery for the treatment of coxarthrosis 5 years ago due to a childhood hip septic arthritis was admitted to our department. He had a complaint of left hip pain while walking and infected drainage from the iliac region which had started approximately 6 months ago (Figure 1A). After the laboratory results of high sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein and positive culture of drainage, the...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510107

Long-Term Outcome of Oncologic Right Pulmonary Artery Occlusion

Daniel B Takizawa, Alexandre Kawasaki and Caio J Fernandes

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: September 03, 2018

A 53-year-old female presented chronic dry cough and mild dyspnea, for 6 months. Due to an erroneous interpretation of CT findings (Figure 1A), she was diagnosed as pulmonary embolism, but without improvement with 6 months of anticoagulation. Evaluated at our service with progressive dyspnea, CTPA demonstrated complete occlusion of the right pulmonary artery (Figure 1A and Figure 1B). At echo, initial systolic pulmonary artery pressure 30 mmHg, n...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510106

Incidental Breast Carcinoma in Myocardial Perfusion Imaging Cine Mode

Aylin Akbulut, Suleyman Kalayci, Gokhan Koca and Meliha Korkmaz

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: September 03, 2018

Review of raw data cine mode is essential in the interpretation of myocardial perfusion SPECT imaging (MPI) for not only distinguishing the potential artifacts but also giving further diagnostic information by identifying incidental non-cardiac uptakes. Here, we report an incidental finding of invasive breast carcinoma detected during MPI cine mode....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510105

Mapping of M2 and 5-HT1A Receptors in the Human Amygdala

Olga Kedo, Karl Zilles, Nicola Palomero-Gallagher and Katrin Amunts

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: September 03, 2018

Subdivisions of the amygdala were identified in the color-coded receptor autoradiographs immediately adjacent to Nissl-stained sections in the right hemisphere at the level of the central nucleus. Color scales visualize the concentrations for each receptor (cholinergic muscarinic M2 or serotoninergic 5-HT1A receptors). After incubation of 20-μm thick coronal sections with the respective tritium-labelled ligand and exposition of the sections agai...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510104

Coronary Artery Ectasia in Patients Presenting with Acute Coronary Syndrome, A Mini Case Series: Presentation, Angiographic Findings and Management

Marian SOBHI, Harb ABUBARKA and Nadim SHAH

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: September 01, 2018

Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is defined as dilatation of the coronary artery one and a half times greater than that of an adjacent normal segment [1]. It usually accompanies coronary artery disease (CAD). Our objective in this study was to examine the clinical characteristics of CAE and its prognosis. We recognized CAE in five patients between February 2016 and June 2016 admitted to Rashid Hospital, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The patients pres...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510103

An Unusual Variant of Cutaneous Sarcoidosis

Mansouri Siham, Sqalli Asmaa, Ismaili Nadia, Benzekri Laila, Hassam Badr and Senouci Karima

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: August 29, 2018

Sarcoidosis is a multisystem inflammatory disease of unknown etiology, characterized by noncaseating granuloma variably infiltrating the respiratory tract, ganglions, eyes, internal organs and the skin. The heterogeneity of cutaneous sarcoidosis represents a diagnostic challenge for physicians and affirms its reputation as a "great imitator". Common specific lesions associated with sarcoidosis are papules, plaques, nodules, scar sarcoidosis and l...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510102

Chronic Splenic Q Fever?

Gianfilippo Nifosi and Mariateresa Zuccarello

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: August 09, 2018

A 53-year-old man, with history of paranoid schizophrenia, depression, alcohol abuse, type 2 diabetes mellitus, comes to our observation for the discovery of focal splenic lesions. He presented fatigue and weight loss. Her past clinical history was negative for infection, abdominal pain, fever or sweat. Physical examination was characterized by cachexia in the absence of lymphadenomegaly and hepatosplenomegaly. Laboratory tests was negative, exce...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510101

The Neumann Type of Pemphigus Vegetans

Ahmed Bouhamidi, Youssef Zemmez, Hafsa Chahdi, Mohamed Oukabli and Naoufal Hjira

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: August 09, 2018

Pemphigus vegetans is a variant of pemphigus vulgaris and is the rarest form of pemphigus. It is classified based on the clinical picture and evolution as the Neumman type or Hallopeau type. We report a 50-year-old woman with a Neumann type of pemphigus vegetans who was successfully treated with corticosteroids....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510100

Ellis Van Creveld Syndrome - A Diagnosis to be Considered in Every Case of Polydactyly

Praneet Lale, Neeraj Aggarwal, Mridul Agarwal, Raja Joshi and Reena Joshi

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: August 04, 2018

1 year 2-months-old female child presented to our institution with complains of rapid breathing, failure to gain weight and increase precordial activity. There is no history of consanguineous marriage. Antenatal, natal and post-natal history were not contributory. Elder sibling had similar history. On general examination patient had a short stature with bilateral postaxial polydactyly of hands and feet (Figure 1a and Figure 1b). Cardiovascular ex...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510099

Penile Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Ahmed Bouhamidi, Mohamed El Amraoui, Mustapha Azzakhmam, Mohamed Oukabli and Naoufal Hjira

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: August 02, 2018

Penile tumors are the rarest tumors of the male urogenital tract (1%). Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common histological type. Squamous cell carcinoma of the penis is most often presents between 50 and 70-years-old. Early diagnosis is imperative to avoid lymphatic spread that is associated with poor prognosis. We report the case of a 56-year-old man with squamous cell carcinoma of the penis present for 6 years....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510098

Huge Aneurysmal Bone Cyst of the Sacrum: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Hasan Erdogan, Mehmet Sedat Durmaz, Serdar Arslan, Fatih Oncu, Fatma Zeynep Arslan and Ismet Tolu

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: July 27, 2018

A 20-year-old man presented with a 2-year history of severe pain in his sacral region. He described an intermittent pain of moderate to severe intensity, localized in the left flank region, increasing at night. Pain is partially relieved by rest, supine position and is lately associated with a limp. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) revealed an expansive destructive cystic lesion at the S1, S2 and S3 vertebral levels, lesion's close association wi...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510097

A Rare Case Report: Cystic Spinal Meningioma

Serdar Arslan, Hasan Erdogan, Fatma Zeynep Arslan, Mehmet Sedat Durmaz, Fatih Oncu and Ismet Tolu

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: July 26, 2018

A 41-year-old woman was admitted to our department presented with a 1-year history of persistent weakness and progressive numbness in the left lower limb. MRI revealed that there was a well-circumscribed intraspinal extradural lesion at L1 and L2 vertebral levels (Figure 1). The lesion was isointense on T1- and T2-weighted images and it was shown strongly enhancing except a small nodular cystic component in superior part of the lesion (Figure 2)....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510096

Mild Encephalopathy with a Reversible Splenial Lesion Mimicking Transient İschemic Attack

Serdar Arslan, Hasan Erdogan, Fatma Zeynep Arslan, Mehmet Sedat Durmaz, Nahide Baran and Ismet Tolu

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: July 25, 2018

A 21-year-old man was admitted to emergency department due to slurred speech, weakness and loss of consciousness. The previous history is unremarkable except a slight cold 2 weeks ago. The first magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a distinct lesion involving in the splenium of the corpus callosum. This lesion showed restricted diffusion with hyperintense signal on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and hypointense signal on apparent diffusion...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510095

A Rare Case Report: The Giant Cell Tumor of the Tendon Sheath in Wrist

Serdar Arslan, Hasan Erdogan, Mehmet Sedat Durmaz, Fatma Zeynep Arslan, Fatih Oncu and Vefa Oner

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: July 04, 2018

A 21-year-old woman was admitted to our department due to left wrist pain and swelling. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a T1W hypointense, T2W heterogeneously hyperintense mass in the medial aspect of her left wrist, encasing the pollicis tendons (Figure 1). The lesion was shown heterogeneous contrast enhancement (Figure 2). The patient was operated and the lesion was proved to be giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath histopathologically....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510094

Unexplained Irreversible Sudden Termination of an Atypical Atrial Tachycardia for Atrial Fibrillation - What is the Mechanism?

Naoto Kino, Toshiya Kurotobi, Kazato Ito, Daisuke Tonomura, Kentaro Yano, Chiharu Tanaka and Yoshihisa Shimada

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: June 27, 2018

A 56-year-old woman without any significant past illnesses was suffering from frequent palpitations due to drug refractory paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). The findings from the chest X-ray, laboratory data including the thyroid hormone level, and echocardiography data including the left atrial diameter were within normal limits. Catheter ablation was performed in other hospitals, however, 5 ablation sessions were required to cure the AF in...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510093

Pseudotumor of the Hip after Arthroplasty

Ana Zao and Pedro Cantista

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: June 04, 2018

We present an 82-year-old woman with a history of hip arthroplasty due to femur fracture during a road accident 30 years ago. She was admitted to a hospital for fever, asthenia and a large swelling in the hip. Analytic study revealed microcytic anemia and the Computed tomography showed a 7.9 inches mass surrounding the arthroplasty. It was diagnosed a Pseudotumor associated with the hip arthroplasty....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510092

Sturge-Weber Syndrome: A Diagnosis Not to be Ignored

Salma Salim, Jamila Bouhelab and Badredine Hassam

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: May 09, 2018

Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a neurocutaneous syndrome characterized by angiomas involving the face, choroid, and leptomeninges. The early diagnosis and the prompt treatment may reduce the incidence of neurologic sequelae, and may prevent irreversible blindness. We report a case of a 32-year-old man with SWS....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510091

Pectoralis Muscle Aplasia in Poland's Syndrome

Hasan Erdogan, Fatih Oncu, Fatma Zeynep Arslan, Mehmet Sedat Durmaz, Serdar Arslan and Ismet Tolu

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: May 07, 2018

A 20-year-old male patient was admitted to our department due to asymmetrical appearance of the right chest wall. On physical examination, it was seen that right chest wall was asymmetrical and there was right nipple hypoplasia and syndactyly between third and fourth fingers in the right hand. Chest computed tomography (CT) demonstrated the absence of right pectoralis major muscle (Figure 1). No bone anomalies were found....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510090

A Rare Case: Intrabiliary Obstruction due to Ruptured Hepatic Hydatid Cyst

Serdar Arslan, Hasan Erdogan, Fatma Zeynep Arslan, Mehmet Sedat Durmaz, Fatih Oncu and Ozgur Oner

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: May 05, 2018

A 69-year-old man was admitted to our department with a 2-day history of jaundice, nausea, and vomiting. MRCP showed that dilatation of the intra and extrahepatic bile ducts and fragmented membranes in the common biliary duct (Figure 1). Additionally, a hydatid cyst which is lost of volume tension was detected in segment 6 of liver (Figure 2). Impaction of hydatid material into the common bile duct was relieved endoscopically....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510089

A Rare Case Report: Urothelial Carcinoma Arising from a Bladder Diverticulum

Hasan Erdogan, Serdar Arslan, Fatih Oncu, Nahide Baran, Fatma Zeynep Arslan and Mehmet Sedat Durmaz

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: May 04, 2018

A 73-year-old man was admitted our hospital with gross hematuria. Abdominal ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography (CT) revealed a bladder diverticulum with a irregular wall thickening that was concerning for tumor (Figure 1). Subsequent cystoscopy and transurethral resection of bladder tumor revealed urothelial carcinoma. Cystoprostatectomy was performed and revealed invasive urothelial carcinoma in the diverticulum extending through the d...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510088

Black Henna Contact Eczema: Getting Handsome with Poison

Mohamed El Amraoui, Ahmed Bouhamidi, Karima Senouci and Badreddine Hassam

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: May 04, 2018

Black henna contact eczema is common and continues to increase. Paraphenyldiamine (PPD) in addition to its systemic toxicity not only exposes to a selective allergy to (PPD) but also to several of these derivatives and metabolites with cross reactions. We present a case of this irreflected practice....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510087

Giant Inguinal Mass Diagnosed as Testicular Mixed Germ Cell Tumor

Hasan Erdogan, Fatih Oncu, Serdar Arslan, Fatma Zeynep Arslan, Mehmet Sedat Durmaz and Ismet Tolu

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: April 05, 2018

A 19-year-old man was admitted our hospital with right inguinal mass. Ultrasonography (US) showed an irregular, heterogeneous mass lesion in the right ingunal region. Right testis was not seen in scrotum. The patient had no history of any operation. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated a giant mass which was size of 24 × 17 × 15 centimeter. The mass was hypointense on T1-weighted images, heterogeneous hyperintense on T2-weighted images...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510086

Cutaneous Horn of the Eyelid: The Tip of the Iceberg

Mohamed El Amraoui, Rachid Frikh, Naoufal Hjira and Mohammed Boui

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: April 04, 2018

A 35-year-man, without significant pathological history, with a notion of significant solar exposure seen his profession. Has consulted for a verrucous tumor of the free edge of the right upper eyelid, obstructing the vision, longer than broad, measuring about one centimeter, rolled up on itself with an erythematous base surmounted by a yellow keratin (Figures 1 and Figure 2). View the young age of the patient, the typical character of the lesion...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510085

Serious Erysipelas Revealing an Iatrogenic Hematotoxicity to Tamoxifen

El Amraoui Mohamed, Meziane Mariam, Ismaili Nadia, Benzekri Laila, Senouci Karima and Hassam Badredine

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: April 02, 2018

Tamoxifen is an anti estrogen recommended in the treatment of estrogendé pendants cancers. Its side effects are rare and haematological toxicity is extremely rare. We relate an original case of severe erysipelas which revealed a toxic myelopathy to tamoxifen....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510084

Incidentally Diagnosed Asymptomatic Primary Hydatid Cyst of Brain

Gokhan CANAZ, BekirMahmut KILINC, Nur TOPYALIN, Zeynep AKMAN, Izzet Durmusalioglu, Ali Osman AKDEMIR and Gulbin GOKCAY

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: March 30, 2018

Turkey is an endemic country to hydatid disease. The definite hosts of echinococcus are various carnivores, the common being the dog. Neurohydatosis is a rare presentation and primary cerebral involvement is even rarer. Intracranial cases become symptomatic depending on location, size and growth rate of the cyst. This is an interesting case of asymptomatic primary hydatid cyst diagnosed after a traffic accident....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510083

A Rare, Incidentally Found Lesion: Calvarial Hemangioma

Ender Alkan, Hasan Erdogan, Serdar Arslan , Mehmet Sedat Durmaz, Muhsin Nuh Aybay and Ismet Tolu

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: March 16, 2018

A Rare, Incidentally Found Lesion: Calvarial Hemangioma...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510082

Infiltrating Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Penis

Mohamed El Amraoui, Rachid Frikh, Naoufal Hjira and Mohammed Boui

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: February 21, 2018

Infiltrating squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the penis is a rare tumor of easy diagnosis. The poor prognosis of this cancer justifies a rigorous oncological management which is often mutilating and badly accepted in our context. We present a case in an elderly man....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510081

When a Psoriasis Shows Its Claws!!!

Mohamed El Amraoui, Naoufal Hjira and Mohammed Boui

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: February 21, 2018

Secondary amyloidosis (AA) is a real complication of chronic inflammatory diseases, including chronic inflammatory rheumatism. It is associated with a reserved prognosis justifying the use of all available therapies for the control of inflammation, the sole guarantor of a more favorable evolution. However, it rarely complicates the inflammatory dermatosis including psoriasis and remains far from the minds of young practitioners, hence the interes...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510080

Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum: Beyond the Skin

Mohamed El Amraoui, Rachid Frikh, Naoufal Hjira and Mohammed Boui

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: February 21, 2018

The pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is a metabolic genetic disorder affecting connective tissue characterized by calcification and fragmentation of elastic fibers, which essentially affects the skin, the eyes and the cardiovascular system. We presented a typical example of a pseudoelastic xanthoma in a patient followed in ophthalmology and cardiology and it was the dermatological lesions that had helped to correct the diagnosis....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510079

Ludwig's Angina: A Rapid Radiological and Clinical Nightmare

Fatma Zeynep Arslan, Ayşegul Altunkeser, Bekir Turgut and Hasan Erdogan

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: December 02, 2017

Ludwig's Angina (LA) is a life-threatening emergency disease characterized with mouth floor and submandibular space cellulitis. LA frequently begins from submandibular region first and the tongue is pushed forward. Diabetic patients, immunocompromised conditions such as chronic hepatitis, chronic renal failure....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510078

Elevated Shear Wave Elastography Values as a New Malignancy Criteria Despite Normal Biopsy Results

Fatma Zeynep Arslan, Aysegul Altunkeser, Bekir Turgut and Hasan Erdogan

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: December 01, 2017

Shear Wave Elestography (SWE) is a recently developed technique that enables detailed information on characterization of breast lesions. We reported a case that is elastography findings of breast lesion which is high grade DCIS focus within papilloma in 58-year-old female whose tru-cut biopsy has formerly resulted as benign....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510077

Iris Lesion Causing Recalcitrant Unilateral Glaucoma

Luv Girish Patel, Jonathan Kim and Jesse Berry

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: November 06, 2017

Iris nevi are a common finding on anterior segment exam with growth and conversion to melanoma a relatively rare event. A retrospective case series found that of 1611 lesions referred to a tertiary ocular oncology service, only 8% converted in 15 years....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510076

Extra-Cephalic Involvement in the Syndrome of Parry Romberg

Naciri Ilhame, Ebongo Christelle, Meziane Mariam, Senouci Karima and Hassam Badredine

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: November 06, 2017

Parry-Romberg Syndrome (PRS) is an uncommon disorder characterized by a slowly and acquired progressive atrophy involving skin, soft tissue, cartilage, and bony structures. Accompanying atrophies of the other parts of the body are rarely reported....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510075

Transillumination of Testicular Hydrocele

David Bryson

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: November 01, 2017

Transillumination is a useful and inexpensive clinical tool that can be used for a range of conditions including testicular hydrocele. This paper gives a brief overview of the clinical use of transillumination in general, for testicular hydroceles and guidance for photography....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510074

Pre-Operative Evaluation of an Orbital Injury

Valerio Massimo Magro and Maria Cristina Magnotti

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: October 30, 2017

Intraocular foreign bodies are a major cause of ocular trauma and blindness. Young adults, especially men, are the most likely victims, as a result of industrial or agricultural injuries. The management of orbital foreign bodies remains a serious diagnostic problem....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510073

Subjective Cognitive Decline as a Clinical Manifestation is Not Yet Fully Understood

Cecilia Vellani, Elisabetta Brugola, Giuseppe Trifiro, Irene Bossert, Daniela D'ambrosio and Carlotta Benedetta Colombo

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: October 28, 2017

Studies on patients with SCD who underwent annual cognitive assessments show that they are almost three times as likely to be diagnosed with mild cognitive decline or dementia. Interestingly, the first complaints of memory decline occurred on an average of six years before mild cognitive impairment....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510072

Gastric Duplication Cyst as an Unusual Cause of Gastric Outlet Obstruction in an Adult

Shinil K Shah, Sheilendra S Mehta and Kulvinder S Bajwa

Article Type: Image | First Published: September 06, 2017

The patient is a 29-year-old man with no significant medical or surgical history who presented with 2 months of nausea, emesis, and 20 pounds of unintentional weight loss. On initial presentation, he was afebrile with normal vital signs. His abdomen was soft, non-distended and non-tender....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510071

Pyogenic Sacroiliitis and Multilocular Abscess Involving the Sacroiliac Joints in a Patient with Lumbar Pain

Ibrahim Guler, Emine Uysal, Nazlım Aktug Demir, Hakan Cebeci and Mustafa Koplay

Article Type: Image | First Published: September 06, 2017

A 21-year-old female patient applied to our hospital with gluteal and lumbar pain. Physical examination revealed tenderness in the bilateral sacral-lumbar area and limitation of the bilateral hip joint. Sacroiliac joint MRI showed the bone marrow oedema, overlying soft tissue swelling, right gluteal muscles abscess and multilocular abscess involving the bilateral sacroiliac joint....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510070

Multimodality Imaging of a Huge Subaortic Left Ventricular Aneurysm in a Child

Humberto Morais, Albino Pedro, Maria Ana Sampaio Nunes, Maria Joao Reis4 and Joao Carlos Costa

Article Type: Image | First Published: September 04, 2017

A 13-year-old girl, born from term pregnancy and normal delivery was referred to our institution for signs and symptoms of decompensated heart failure. The patient was polypneic and, jugular engorgement, positive hepatojugular reflux, a 4/6 systolic murmur in the mitral area radiating to the axilla, and a hepatomegaly was observed on physical examination. Chest radiography revealed cardiomegaly. Electrocardiogram revealed sinus rhythm and signs o...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510069

Eye for IgG4-Related Disease

Divya Jayakumar, Suneesh Anand and Stephen A Lobo

Article Type: Clinical Images | First Published: August 30, 2017

IgG4-related disease is a relatively new disease which has gained significant recognition in the last decade. It is an immune mediated disease and diagnosis is often missed because of limited awareness and a typical presentation....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510068

An Unusual Cause of Shortness of Breath in an Adult Man: Alveolar Microlithiasis

Ali Cengiz, Meral Buyukterzi, Muhsin Nuh Aybay, Mesut Sivri, Arzu Cengiz and Fatma Zeynep Arslan

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: August 28, 2017

A 51-year-old non-smoking man, refered to our pulmonary medicine clinic with a 3 years history of severe shortness of breath. His complaints has increased even more in the last 1 year. There was no history of fever, weight loss, hemoptysis and old cronic infections like tuberculosis....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510067

Diastematomyelia Type 1 with Multiple Spinal Cord and Vertebral Abnormalities in a Child

Serdar Arslan, Hasan Erdogan, Muhsin Nuh Aybay, Ender Alkan, Arzu Cengiz and Mehmet Sedat Durmaz

Article Type: Image | First Published: June 14, 2017

A 7-year-old male was brought with a marked spinal deformity. Physical examination showed rotational scoliosis and loss of lumbar lordosis. The patient was referred for a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the lumbosacral spine. MRI showed a left-convex rotational scoliosis and loss of lumbar lordosis....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510066

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings of Central Diabetes Insipidus in a Child

Serdar Arslan, Hasan Erdogan, Muhsin Nuh Aybay, Arzu Cengiz, Fatma Zeynep Arslan and Ismet Tolu

Article Type: Image | First Published: June 14, 2017

An 18-year-old male patient presented to our hospital with polyuria, polydipsia and nocturia. He reports drinking 4-5 gallons of water every day due to extreme thirst. Her laboratory tests revealed serum sodium in the range of 140-145 mEq/L, serum osmolality of 295 mOsm/kg, with a concomitant urine osmolality of 279 mOsm/kg....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510065

Dehiscent High Jugular Bulb

Hasan Erdogan, Serdar Arslan, Fatma Zeynep Arslan, Mehmet Sedat Durmaz and Arzu Cengiz

Article Type: Image | First Published: June 14, 2017

A 41-year-old female patient with 2-year history of tinnitus in right ear admitted to our clinic. The patient underwent temporal bone CT imaging. CT demonstrated right dehiscent high riding jugular bulb with absence of the right sigmoid plate....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510064

Kallmann Syndrome: MRI Findings

Ender Alkan, Hasan Erdogan, Muhsin Nuh Aybay, Serdar Arslan and Mehmet Sedat Durmaz

Article Type: Image | First Published: June 12, 2017

A 14-years-old male was consulted for cryptorchidism and anosmia. There was decrease of LH, FSH and testosterone in the laboratory examinations of the patient. We used Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) to visualize the olfactory tract and evaluate the olfactory sulci in patient whose clinical and laboratory findings were compatible with Kallmann syndrome....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510063

A Rare Cause of Ortner's Syndrome: Pulmonary Artery Aneurysm

Hasan Erdogan, Fatma Zeynep Arslan, Ali Cengiz, Serdar Arslan and Mehmet Sedat Durmaz

Article Type: Image | First Published: June 10, 2017

A 37-year-old non-smoker male patient with a 6-month history of hoarseness admitted to our hospital. Laryngoscopic examination revealed left vocal cord paralysis with immobile vocal cord in paramedian position. The patient underwent neck and chest CT imaging....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510062

Interval Form of Carbon Monoxide Intoxication

Ee Wei Lim, Yee Hau Pang and Pavanni Ratnagopal

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: April 22, 2017

A 41-year-old gentleman attempted suicide by burning charcoal in an enclosed room. He was found unconscious and was intubated for poor Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS). He was successfully extubated and transferred to our hospital on day 6. Initial physical examination showed no neurological deficits with normal scoring of Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA)....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510061

Sarcoidosis on Traditional Tattoo: A Complication to Know

Hafsae Bounniyt and Meriame Meziane

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: April 21, 2017

The introduction of an exogenous pigment in the dermis is not without risk. We report a case of a sarcoidosis complicating a traditional tattoo after several years. Currently only temporary henna tattoos are subject to frequent publications in the literature. It must be known to the dermatologist ahead this type of skin lesions will have to undertake explorations necessary for the identification of systemic sarcoidosis....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510060

Giant Vegetation in a Mitral Prosthetic Valve

Julio Cesar Sauza-Sosa and Nilda Gladys Espinola-Zavaleta

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: April 21, 2017

Forty-eight-year-old woman with history of mechanical prosthetic replacement of mitral and aortic valves in February 2005, came to emergency department with fatigue, weakness and chills since two months and dyspnea and edema of lower limbs from three days. The physical examination revealed jugular engorgement, peripheral edema, normal prosthetic clicks and mitral regurgitant murmur II/IV....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510059

Central Neurocytoma Presenting as Large Intraventricular Mass Diagnosed by Stereotactic Biopsy

Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: April 20. 2017

A 40-year-old man presenting with headache and dizziness of several months duration was found to have a large intraventricular mass during the clinical workup (Figure 1). A stereotactic biopsy of the mass revealed cellular neoplastic tissue with monotonous round cells (Figure 2)....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510058

Microsporidia Stromal Keratitis

Sarah Farukhi Ahmed, Donald Minckler and Hans E Grossniklaus

Article Type: Image Article | First Published: April 17, 2017

Microsporidia Stromal Keratitis presents more commonly in immune competent patients. Risk factors include contact lens wear, trauma or travel to Southeast Asian countries with exposure to contaminated water. Patients present unilateral progressive eye redness, vision loss and pain. This presentation is often misdiagnosed as herpes simplex virus, so a corneal scraping or biopsy should be performed to confirm the diagnosis....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510057

Aortic Branch Aneurysm in the Patient with Behcet's Disease

Katsuhisa Miyake, Naoko Ueki and Hitoshi Nakashima

Article Type: Clinical Image | First Published: November 25, 2016

A 35-year-old male patient presented with fever. Chest X-ray revealed a mass lesion in right upper field. The enhanced pulmonary CT showed the aneurysm and occlusion of left subclavian artery....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510056

Chondrodermatitis Nodularis Chronica Helicis Mimicking Metastazis

Ali Cengiz, Hasan Erdogan, Muhsin Nuh Aybay, Mehmet Sedat Durmaz, Fatma Zeynep Arslan, Ozgur Oner and Arzu Cengiz

Article Type: Case Study | First Published: November 18, 2016

A 66-year-old male patient who underwent operation on the left temporal region due to squamous cell cancer and has been followed for a year admitted to our hospital for right ear swelling and ear pain which is worse at night....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510055

Free Floating Ball Thrombus in the Left Atrium in a Child with Restrictive Cardiomyopathy

Iyad Al-Ammouri

Article Type: Clinical Image | First Published: November 15, 2016

A large free floating ball thrombus was diagnosed in an 8-year-old girl with severe restrictive cardiomyopathy following transient loss of vision....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510054

Giant Malignant Phyllodes Tumor of the Breast: A Case Report

Gianluca Franceschini, Danilo Di Giorgio, Sabatino D'Archi, Alba Di Leone, Alejandro Martin Sanchez and Riccardo Masetti

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 11, 2016

Phyllodestumours (PTs) of the breast are rare fibroepithelial neoplasms with risks of local recurrence and uncommon metastases....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510053

A Giant Calcified Hepatic Hemangioma

Cheng-Yi Wang, Wu-Hsien Kuo, Chen-Yi Liao and En-Hua Huang

Article Type: Case Study | First Published: August 20, 2016

A 57-year-old Taiwanese hepatitis B carrier female presented with a one-week history of epigastric pain, anorexia, malaise, intermittent nausea and vomiting in the preceding 6 months....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510052

A Two Valve Fungic Endocarditis in a Lupic Patient

Filipa Brito Mendes, Ana Paula Silva, Nelson Tavares and Pedro Neves

Article Type: Case Study | First Published: August 18, 2016

A 38-years-old female patient, with the diagnosis of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Under hemodialysis for the last 3 years (by a humerus-cefalic arteriovenous fistula) after an 8 years period of peritoneal dialysis which started 4 years after renal transplantation in a patient with Lupus Nephritis....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510051

A Rare Cause of Persistent Dysphagia: Dysphagia Lusoria

Ali Cengiz, Serdar Arslan, Mehmet Sedat Durmaz , Ender Alkan, Hasan Erdogan, Aysegul Kayhan and Arzu Cengiz

Article Type: Case Presentation | First Published: August 15, 2016

A 50-year-old woman referred to our internal medicine clinic complaining of recurrent solid food dysphagia at her upper-middle chest for a year. The patient's history and laboratory test results were unremarkable....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510050

Vascular Calcifications in Calcific Uremic Arteriolopathy

Filipa Brito Mendes, Andre Fragoso, Ana Paula Silva and Pedro Neves

Article Type: Case Study | First Published: August 13, 2016

Calcific Uremic Arteriolopathy (CUA) or Calciphylaxis, is a severe morbid and life-threatening condition 1. Ischemic subcutaneous necrosis with vulnerable skin ulcerations are some of the characteristics of this rare but global spread disease....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510049

Occlusive Intestinal Invagination as First Presentation of Melanoma

Enrico Pinotti, Silvia Frassani, Giulia Lo Bianco, Luca Degrate and Fabrizio Romano

Article Type: Case Presentation | First Published: July 24, 2016

Intestinal metastasis are a common finding in patients affected with melanoma; only exceptionally they can cause enteric intussusceptions and present clinically as bowel obstruction....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510048

Lemierre's Syndrome: A Case Report with Fatal CNS Complications

Jocelyn Zee, Manuel Lois and Donna Cota

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 24, 2016

Lemierre's syndrome is a rare disorder of young adults, usually caused by the anaerobic bacterium, Fusobacterium necrophorum and occasionally by other Fusobacterium species....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510047

Elephantiasis neuromatosa in Type 1 Neurofibromatosis

Haber R, Kechichian E and Tomb R

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 16, 2016

Type 1 neurofibromatosis (NF-1), or Von Recklinghausen disease, is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder. It is characterized by the presence of multiple neurofibromas....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510046

Treatment of Caustic Ingestion Associated Esophageal Stricture with Budesonide

Marisa L Gallant, Sabina A Mir and Steven N Lichtman

Article Type: Case Presentation | First Published: June 13, 2016

We present the images from the upper endoscopy of a 5 year-old patient who developed an esophageal stricture from caustic ingestion. These images are from before and after a two-week course of topical budesonide....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510045

Subcutaneous Scar Retraction Release after Breast Reduction Using Percutaneous Needle Cordotomy

T Wagner, N Slater, M Hameeteman and D Ulrich

Article Type: Clinical Case | First Published: June 08, 2016

Hypertrophic scarring with scar retraction is a well known problem in breast reduction mammaplasty with occasional unpleasant results for both the patient and surgeon. Even with many different therapeutic options, success can be limited in some cases....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510044

Supratentorial Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor in an Adult

Ali Cengiz, Hasan Erdogan, Vefa Oner and Arzu Cengiz

Article Type: Clinical Image | First Published: May 17, 2016

A 53-year-old man admitted to our emergency service with symptoms of intermittent vomiting and headache for a week. In the hospital the patient swiftly deteriorated to coma....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510043

Pseudothrombus - An Echocardiographic Illusion

Rishi Vinod Lohiya and Sunil Washimkar

Article Type: Clinical Image | First Published: May 16, 2016

Cardiovascular complications like hypertension, premature atherosclerosis, coronary arteritis and myocarditis are not infrequent in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510042

Pancreatitis Gone Nuts: Scrotal Hydrocele as a Complication of Severe Acute Pancreatitis

Ryan R Gaffney and Matthew T Moyer

Article Type: Clinical Image | First Published: May 12, 2016

A 33-year-old male with acute gallstone pancreatitis complicated by pancreatic fluid collection formation developed intense right-sided scrotal pain and swelling one week into his hospitalization....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510041

High-Resolution 7T EPI Magnitude/Phase Cortex Image Co-localization

Zikuan Chen, Jennifer Robinson, Arvind Caprihan and Vince Calhoun

Article Type: Image | First Published: May 07, 2016

A gradient-recalled echo (GRE) echo-planar imaging (EPI) sequence was used to acquire ultra high-resolution functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data from a healthy volunteer on a 7T Siemens MAGNETOM system....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510040

Aortobiiliaca Endoprosthesis Inflammation Diagnosed with 18F-FDG PET/CT

Maria del Puig Cozar Santiago, Raul Sanchez Jurado, Jose Enrique Aguilar Barrios, Rocio Brisa Vazquez and Jose Ferrer Rebolleda

Article Type: Clinical Image | First Published: April 27, 2016

A 79 year-old man arrived at emergency department because of having abdominal pain for several months (almost one year). Abdominal pain was located in mesogastrio, it was late postpandrial, associated with paresthesias in the left lower limb and irradiated through both iliac fosses getting to the back....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510039

Reducing Corneal Astigmatism Using Cataract and LRI Incisions

Noel Alpins

Article Type: Image | First Published: April 22, 2016

Astigmatism analysis of corneal incisions can be used to reduce the amount of corneal astigmatism at the time of surgery....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510038

Exstrophy of Bladder

Birendra Rai and Prof Farhana Sharif

Article Type: Clinical Image | First Published: April 17, 2016

A male infant was born at 38 weeks of gestation by normal delivery. Physical examination revealed exteriorly lying bladder with deformed penis and low lying umbilicus....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510037

PET Molecular Imaging of the Dopaminergic System in Parkinson's Disease

A Avendano-Estrada, I Madrazo, O Kopyov, H Carrasco-Vargas, J Altamirano-Ley and MA Avila-Rodriguez

Article Type: Clinical Cases | First Published: March 28, 2016

It is well known that the dopaminergic system plays a major role in Parkinson's disease (PD). Current technological developments in molecular imaging have made it possible to evaluate the dopaminergic system in vivo....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510036

What is the Best 'Adviser' in the Emergency?

Sofia Lazaro Mendes, Ana Rita Ferreira, Rui Martins, Domingos Ramos and Mariano Pego

Article Type: Case Presentation | First Published: March 25, 2016

A 18 years-old woman presented to the Emergency Department with shortness of breath, pleuritic chest pain and syncope. She denied cough, sputum production, hemoptysis, wheezing, fever or leg pain....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510035

Clinical and Radiographic Characteristics of Hereditary Gingival Fibromatosis

Jing Qiao, Feng Liu and Zu-Yan Zhang

Article Type: Clinical Image | First Published: March 24, 2016

Hereditary gingival fibromatosis, also known as congenital familial fibromatosis or idiopathic fibromatosis, is a rare genetic disorder with prevalence of 1/750000....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510034

Advances in Cytoarchitectonic Mapping of the Human Amygdala and the Hippocampus

Olga Kedo, Karl Zilles and Katrin Amunts

Article Type: Case Presentation | First Published: March 23, 2016

The human amygdala and hippocampus are key structures for emotion and memory processing. They are involved in various neurological and psychiatric disorders....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510033

Neck at Risk Due to Infectious Disease

KP Schepman and JMA Kuijlen

Article Type: Clinical Case | First Published: March 05, 2016

A 23 year old man was referred to the emergency room of our hospital because of a large swelling in de neck. The patient originated from Somalia and stayed in a centre for asylum seekers in The Netherlands for 6 months....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510032

The Real Risks of Nasogastric Tubes: 'Nutrothorax' Complicating a Misplaced Nasogastric Feeding

Joaquin Valle Alonso, F Javier Fonseca del Pozo, Miguel Angel Aguayo and Jorge Pedraza

Article Type: Clinical Case | First Published: February 29, 2016

A 75-year-old female patient with past medical history of severe Alzheimer's disease, totally dependent with nasogastric tube feeding (NGT) presented to the emergency department with worsening dyspnea in the past 48 hours....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510031

Dynamic Dedicated Breast PET (Dbpet) Imaging to Discriminate between Benign and Malignant Pathologies: Galactocele

Anais Garcia-Barredo, Victoria Sampayo-Montenegro, Sonia Argibay, Ines Dominguez-Prado, Pablo Aguiar, Alvaro Ruibal and Michel Herranz

Article Type: Case Note | First Published: February 29, 2016

Twenty two years old female with left mammary gland lesion due to hyperprolactinaemia (32 ng/ml), nipple secretion and pain under pressure was referred to our Department....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510030

Tamponade of a True Heart

Omar S Darwish

Article Type: Case Presentation | First Published: February 27, 2016

A 53-year-old man was an avid soccer player and still played in the same regular Friday games he had played for years. On the day of admission, he developed a sudden onset of epigastric pain and syncope during his regular Friday match....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510029

Parapancreatic Castleman Disease

Leilei Liu, Zhuo Wang and Dianbo Cao

Article Type: Clinical Image | First Published: February 26, 2016

A 32-year-old man was referred to us with an abdominal mass detected by ultrasonographic examination during phyisical checkup....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510028

Gastrointestinal Tract Bleeding Secondary to Blind Pouch Syndrome

Leilei Liu, Zhuo Wang, Dianbo Cao and Yang Zhao

Article Type: Clinical Image | First Published: February 24, 2016

A 60-year-man was admitted to our hospital with the complaints of intermittent hematemasis for 6 months. The patients underwent side-to-side enteroanastomosis because of intestinal tuberculosis 30 years prior....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510027

Radiologic-Pathologic Correlation: Primary Breast Lymphoma

Bernardo Procaci Kestelman

Article Type: Case Study | First Published: February 24, 2016

A 59-year-old woman presented with a 1-week history of a palpable lump in the right breast. She denied any other symptoms and was otherwise in good health, without any significant findings in the medical or surgical history....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510026

A Different Form of Acute Myocardial Infarction!

Rita Ferreira

Article Type: Case Study | First Published: January 30, 2016

A 50-year old man was admitted to the emergency room due to severe dyspnea and thoracic pain with 3 hours of onset. He had no known history of cardiovascular disease, but he was recovering from drug addict....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510025

Clinical, Radiographic, Gammagraphic and Anatomical Characteristics of Active Condylar Hyperplasia

Diego Fernando Lopez B

Article Type: Clinical Case | First Published: January 27, 2016

Condylar hyperplasia is a pathologic condition due to progressive overgrowth of one or both mandibular condyles, causing either secondary facial asymmetry or mandibular prognathism. Although it is self-limiting, the overgrowth may continue even after skeletal growth stops....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510024

Magnetic Resonance Images of the Structure and Tissue Organization of a Fetal Heart

Eleftheria Pervolaraki, Richard A Anderson, Alan P Benson and ArunV Holden

Article Type: Image | First Published: January 25, 2016

A 20 week gestational age human fetal heart was imaged at a 100 μm cubic voxel resolution, using a standard diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DTMRI) protocol in a 9.4 tesla Bruker NMR. The three-dimensional cardiac data set is visualized by its surface and a transparent wireframe....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510023

An Uncommon Cause of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding

Michalis Galanopoulos and Apostolis Papaefthymiou

Article Type: Case Presentation | First Published: January 23, 2016

An 80-year-old man suffering from dementia and Parkinson disease was admitted to our hospital for investigation of 2 to 3 daily episodes of melena stools 20 days now....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510022

Pneumothorax and Subcutaneous Emphysema. When Assessing Chest Tube Placement

Ana Patricia Ovejero Diaz, Gemma Maria Munoz Molina and Ana Paz Valdebenito Montecino

Article Type: Clinical Image | First Published: January 08, 2016

Subcutaneous emphysema occurs when air gets into tissues under the skin. It occurs mainly in the neck, chest and face when air travel to these areas of the chest cavity through the fascia....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510021

Coiled Nasogastric Tube in Oesophagus

Sameer Sethi

Article Type: Image | First Published: January 06, 2016

This is a image of an plain X-Ray Chest PA view of a 32 year old female postoperative patient of liver transplant. In this X- ray a nasogastric tube (NG) is seen coiled in the oesophagus which is a rare event....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510020

Mitral Valve Perforation: The Value of Real Time Three-Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardiography

Humberto Morais and Valdano Manuel

Article Type: Clinical Image | First Published: December 14, 2015

A 63-year-old man was referred to perform a transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) for suspicion of mitral endocarditis. The 2-Dimensional TEE showed a solution of continuity in the anterior leaflet of the mitral valve compatible with mitral perforation....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510019

Images of Iatrogenic Pneumopericardium

Josephine Pressacco

Article Type: Clinical Image | First Published: December 11, 2015

A 76-year-old man presenting with cardiac tamponade underwent urgent pericardial drainage using ultrasound guided pericardial puncture. A pericardial drainage catheter was left in place....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510018

Giant Floating Right Atrial Thrombus Following Balloon Mitral Valvuloplasty

Georgina Fuertes Ferre, Maria Carmen Aured Guallar, Esther Sanchez Insa and Jose Gabriel Galache Osuna

Article Type: Clinical Image | First Published: December 06, 2015

A 83 years-old woman underwent percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty (PBMV) due to symptomatic rheumatic mitral stenosis. The transesophageal echocardiogram before PBMV revealed no atrial thrombus. PMBV was performed under fluoroscopic guidance....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510017

Radiological Diagnosis of a Neonate with Mucolipidosis II (I-Cell Disease)

Yo Niida

Article Type: Clinical Image | First Published: November 28, 2015

Mucolipidosis II (ML II) or inclusion cell disease (I-cell disease) (OMIM 252500) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal enzyme targeting disorder. ML II is usually presents between 6 and 12 months of age with a clinical phenotype resembling Hurler syndrome and a radiological picture of dysostosis multiplex....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510016

Drive Line Infection and Colonic Erosion: A Rare Complication of Left Ventricular Assist Device Placement Demonstrated on PET/CT

Kanchan Kulkarni

Article Type: Clinical Image | First Published: November 23, 2015

Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) placement is now commonly performed as both bridge to transplant and as destination therapy in end stage cardiomyopathy with high associated prevalence of sepsis (up to 58%) and mortality (up to 44%)....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510015

Paediatric Lingual Thyroid: Cause of Chronic Cough

Gautam Bir Singh, Mayank Yadav and Shruti Ranjan

Article Type: Clinical Image | First Published: November 12, 2015

A 10 year old female child was referred to us from the paediatric department with the chief complaints of chronic cough and an occasional history of odynophagia for the past 6 months, especially following attack of upper respiratory tract infection....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510014

Modified Titanium Discs Enhance the Growth of Osteoblasts

Gabriel Castillo-Dali, Elena Campano-Cuevas, Jean L. Saffar, Jose L. Gutierrez-Perez and Daniel Torres-Lagares

Article Type: Image | First Published: November 3, 2015

The image shows the growth of osteoblasts (NHOst) on Titanium discs whose surface had been previously modified with an external recorder....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510013

Severe Complications of Laparoscopic Surgery as a Result of Incorrect Abdominal Wall Closure

Sheila Serra Pla, Xavier Serra Aracil, Pere Rebasa Cladera, Laura Mora Lopez and Salvador Navarro Soto

Article Type: Clinical Image | First Published: October 30, 2015

The appearance of hernias at laparoscopic trocar incision sites remains one of the unresolved complications of laparoscopic surgery. Closure of these incisions is difficult, and in fact complete closure is not usually achieved....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510012

Colonic Atresia in 69-Day-Old Infant

Sabriye Dayi, Sabriye Korkut and Sukru Yildirim

Article Type: Image | First Published: October 30, 2015

The girl baby, 28 weeks of gestation, was followed in neonatal intensive care unit because of prematurity. She has passed meconium in time. She had been feeding orally but the amount of feeding could not been increased gradually....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510011

Unfavorable Hip Stress Distribution in a Patient with Cerebral Palsy as a Cause for Hip Dislocation

Petra Schara, Karin Schara and Veronika Kralj-Iglic

Article Type: Image | First Published: October 30, 2015

Hip dislocation is a relatively common complication in cerebral palsy. Surgical intervention in the early phase is the preferred choice of treatment which however requires following the migration of femoral head with respect to acetabulum in hips at risk....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510010

Talc, over the Nails

Shilpa Y Krishnegowda and Sudhir Kumar N

Article Type: Image | First Published: September 21, 2015

A 40-year-old male was referred for evaluation of nail changes present since 2 years. The patient had a 10 - year history of HIV infection and was on antiretroviral therapy....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510009

Symmetric Peripheral Gangrene

Shilpa Y Krishnegowda and Sudhir Kumar N

Article Type: Image | First Published: September 21, 2015

A 60 year old female was referred for evaluation of blackish fingers and toes since 2 days. Her heart rate (130 beats/minute), blood pressure (70/40 mmHg), respiratory rate (28 cycles/minute) and raised total cell counts revealed that she was in septic shock....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510008

Sub-RPE Desposits - Ex Vivo Hyperspectral Autofluorescence (AF) Image of Drusen from 84-Year-Old Male Donor with late Age-Related Macular Degeneration

R. Theodore Smith, Tal Ben-Ami and Yuehong Tong

Article Type: Image | First Published: August 25, 2015

The image is an overlay of 3 images representing the distribution of the 3 most abundant fluorophore signals that were extracted using advanced factorization algorithms....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510007

Drusen on Fire: Ex Vivo Hyperspectral Autofluorescence (AF) Image of Drusen from 81-Year-Old Male Donor with Age-Related Macular Degeneration

R. Theodore Smith, Tal Ben-Ami and Yuehong Tong

Article Type: Image | First Published: August 25, 2015

The image is an overlay of 3 images representing the distribution of the 3 most abundant fluorophore signals that were extracted using advanced factorization algorithms....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510006

Geographic Atrophy: Ex Vivo Hyperspectral Autofluorescence (AF) Image of an Eye with Geographic Atrophy from 81-Year-Old Male Donor

R. Theodore Smith, Tal Ben-Ami and Yuehong Tong

Article Type: Image | First Published: August 25, 2015

The image is an overlay of 3 images representing the distribution of the 3 most abundant fluorophore signals that were extracted using advanced factorization algorithms....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510005

Carcinoid in Ebstein's Anomaly - What are the odds!

Jen-Li Looi, Selwyn Wong, Ruvin Gabriel and William Harrison

Article Type: Clinical Image | First Published: June 30, 2015

On the parasternal RV inflow view, the tricuspid valve leaflets were severely tethered (arrows) with poor coaptation resulting severe/free tricuspid regurgitation....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510004

Pulmonary Embolism and Disseminated Intravascular Coagulopathy Associated with Right Atrial Mass

Jen-Li Looi and Selwyn Wong

Article Type: Clinical Image | First Published: June 29, 2015

30-year-old man normally fit and healthy presented with collapse and palpitation. He was tachycardic with a heart rate of 120 beats/min and hypoxic with oxygen saturation of 85% on arrival....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510003

Open Repair of a Renal Artery Aneurysm with Hypogastric Artery Autograft and Hypothermic Perfusion Preservation

Nelson De Luccia, Andre Brito Queiroz, Grace Carvajal Mulatti, Fabio Rodrigues Ferreira do Espirito Santo and Karina Paulo Domingos Rosa Schneidwind

Article Type: Clinical Image | First Published: June 29, 2015

A 32-year-old woman presented with a one-year history of mild abdominal pain in the left upper quadrant and a palpable pulsatile abdominal mass on physical examination. The results of laboratory investigations, including serum urea and ceatinine levels, were unremarkable....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510002

Small cell variant of Anaplastic large cell lymphoma

Neerja Vajpayee

Article Type: PPT | First Published: May 22, 2015

Small cell variant of Anaplastic large cell lymphoma....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3682/1510001

Filarial Nematode that Induce Lymphatic Filariasis

Denis Voronin

Article Type: Clinical Image | First Published: May 20, 2015

Parasite attacks its own symbionts. Elimination of Wolbachia, mutualistic endobacteria of filarial nematodes of medical and veterinary importance, by induction of authopahgy, parasite's intracellular defense mechanism....

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