Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-3634/1410144
Research of Knowledge and Attitudes of Patients with Diabetic Foot Ulcer Regarding Foot Care
Açelya TÜRKMEN, Ezgi SEYHAN AK and Ayfer ÖZBAŞ
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 14, 2021
Patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in the diabetic foot service of a university hospital in Istanbul created the population of this descriptive study. The sample consisted of 73 patients determined by power analysis (95%) and simple random sampling method. A survey form which is consists of 37 questions and created by the researcher is used as the data collection tool. Before beginning the study, the ethics committee approval is obtained. Results are evaluated at a 95% confidence interval a...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-3634/1410143
Demographic, Behavioral, and Clinical Characteristics of the Ambulatory Diabetic Population of the Dominican Republic, 2018
Leslie Anne Duncan, MPH, Paige Hornsby, PhD, Aaron Pannone, PhD, Omar W Ebrahim and Ammar Ibrahim, MD
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: May 31, 2021
Type 2 diabetes has steadily increased in prevalence in the Dominican Republic. Our objectives were to identify the demographic, behavioral, and clinical characteristics of adult male and female ambulatory diabetic patients in the Dominican Republic to better understand diabetes in the Dominican population. We conducted a retrospective chart review of a random sample of ambulatory patients treated at the diabetes clinic at the Instituto Nactional de Diabetes, Endocrinología y Nutrición (INDEN)...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-3634/1410142
The Effects of Vitamin E on Non-proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
En Yng Ng, Yilynn Chiew, Sonia Chew Wen Phang, Yeek Tat Ng, Gerald Chen Jie Tan, Uma D Palanisamy, Badariah Ahmad and Khalid Abdul Kadir
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 23, 2021
Vitamin E, which exhibits anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-thrombogenesis properties, has been shown to improve retinal blood flow in diabetic retinopathy. This study aim to investigate the effects of Vitamin E (Tocovid) on retinal microhaemorrhages and diabetic macular edema (DME) in diabetic retinopathy. A total of 30 participants were randomly allocated to the treatment group or placebo group. The participants in the treatment group (n = 19) received 200 mg Tocovid twice daily while ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-3634/1410141
Systematic Review with Meta-analysis: Denosumab in Glucocorticoids Induced Osteoporosis
Mariya M El Akkawi and Ashish Shrestha
Article Type: Meta Analysis | First Published: May 17, 2021
American College of Rheumatology recommends Bisphosphonates as the first choice drug for Glucocorticoids Induced Osteoporosis (GIOP). But denosumab is the promising drug that is recommended as the first choice for post-menopausal osteoporosis. This study was conducted to light up the efficacy and safety of denosumab compared to bisphosphonates in GIOP. Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs), retrospective, prospective observational Studies, conference abstracts were searched in PubMed, Web of Scien...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-3634/1410140
Hospital-Acquired Diabetic Ketoacidosis (HADKA) - An Analysis Comparing Two Major Australian Hospitals
Ushank Ranasinghe and Shamasunder Acharya
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: May 10, 2021
We conducted a retrospective study looking at patients over 18 yrs who developed hospital- acquired Diabetic Ketoacidosis (HADKA) in two major hospitals in Hunter New England Health, NSW Australia between 1st July 2014 and 30th June 2018. The data were obtained from patient electronic medical records. The HADKA criteria were pH ≤ 7.3, bicarbonate ≤ 18 mmol/L, and positive ketones (urine or plasma). A subset of patients was defined as ‘inferred HADKA’ when there was no documented ketone l...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-3634/1410138
Can Statins Be Beneficial in COVID 19 Patients?
Mouin Jammal, Moussa Riachy and Fady Haddad
Article Type: Letter to Editor | First Published: April 17, 2021
Covid-19 remains a novel pandemic with many controversies and variable clinical expression and severity. Diabetes and a pre-existing cardiovascular disease are the greatest risk factor for severe Covid-19. The overall case fatality rate of 2.3% in the general population increases to 7.3% in presence of diabetes and reaches 15% in presence of a pre-existing cardiovascular disease. Age, smoking, arterial hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes and obesity predict a severe Covid- 19. MyD88 gen...