Barriers to Health Behavior Change in People with Type 2 Diabetes: Survey Study
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 11, 2021
This is a qualitative survey study of 123 adult individuals with type 2 diabetes who are above 18-years-old, who participated in a survey that explore their perception about barriers to health behavior change. The survey was distributed online and in 6 health care centers under mini This study finds that the top barrier for behavior change is difficulty to follow healthy schedule (19.4%), workplace condition and timing (14.3%), and laziness (13%). The least barrier was lack of knowledge about he...
Serum Vitamin D Levels in Persons with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Lagos, Nigeria
Anyanwu AC, Olopade OB, Onung SI, Odeniyi IA, Coker HAB, Fasanmade OA and Ohwovoriole AE
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 30, 2020
The prevalence of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) continues to climb in many parts of the globe in association with the rise in Obesity. In parallel to the increase in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus, evidence indicates a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency Worldwide. Areas with high prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency have been associated with a higher prevalence of diabetes. The reported prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among subjects with Type 2 diabetes mellitus ra...
Diabetic Foot Profile in Patients under Regular Haemodialysis
Nasreddine Boughallaba and Habib Ksouri
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 23, 2020
Diabetic foot syndrome that affects patients under regular haemodialysis is a complex mechanism mainly based on patient metabolism, neurosensitive abnormalities, and plantar pressure dysfunctions. Our work is based on a descriptive cross-sectional and multicenter study conducted during 45 days and concerning 43 diabetic patients among a total of 193 patients undergoing regular haemodialysis in three haemodialysis centers in Tunisia. Data collection relied on patients clinical records, all data w...
Xenotransplantation of the Pancreas: A Reality Check of Its Historical Emergence
Article Type: Historical Analysis | First Published: December 21, 2020
Recent advancements being made in the humanization of Crispr-based gene-edited animals have now provided a sophisticated molecular platform for exogenic organ production and xenotransplantation. Although this amazing and novel medical step into the future holds significant therapeutic promise for pancreas xenotransplantation presently impeded by lack of sufficient donors, its origins arose in an era that is often portrayed as an age of medical quackery and iatrogenesis. The present study reexami...
Nursing Intervention on Knowledge and Skills of Self-Management of Diabetes among Patients Attending Medical Out-Patient Clinic in Two Tertiary Hospitals in Ondo State
Olapeju Oke Ajibade, RN, RM, BNSc, PGDE and Rasidi Akinade Salawu, BSc (Nursing), RN, RM, PHD, FPNP Adv.Mgt., FWACN
Article Type: Clinical Study | First Published: November 25, 2020
Diabetes mellitus is one of the global health burdens associated with adequate management. Self-management is a pivot of diabetes management. It has been estimated that more than one-quarter of the admissions in Nigeria hospital is as a result of diabetes complication. The study assessed nursing intervention on knowledge and skill of self-management among diabetic patients attending medical out-patient clinics in two tertiary hospitals, Ondo State, Nigeria. This study adopted a two-group, pretes...
Metformin Improves Overall Survival of COVID 19 Iraqi Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
Salim M AL-Ibrahimi, MD, CABMS, FACE and Israa Nihad, MD, CABMS, FACE
Article Type: Clinical Study | First Published: October 29, 2020
The characteristics, laboratory parameters, treatments, clinical outcomes in these patients were assessed. A total 300 patients (120 in the metformin and 180 in the no metformin), there were no significant difference between two groups in age, underlying diseases, clinical severity, and oxygen - support category at admission. Other laboratory parameters at admission and treatment after admission were not different between two groups. In-hospital mortality was significantly lower in the metformin...
The Effects of Red Blood Cells Parameters on HbA1c and Random Blood Sugar Levels in Diabetics Diagnosis
Esraa R Rashed, Tasneem A Alkout, Saja S Eltomy, Osama R Etekbali and Abdulhamid M Alkout
Article Type: Retrospective Study | First Published: September 30, 2020
Hemoglobin A1c levels and blood sugar is a diagnostic tests used for diabetes and to determine the developing of diabetic complications. The level of HbA1c is affected by factors such as the Haemoglobin, the age of RBCs in the blood circulation and the Hb glycation rate. The aim of this retrospective study is to assess the relationship of HbA1c levels and blood sugar with haemoglobin concentration, and RBC parameter during female clinic follow-up....
Neuro-psychiatric Manifestations in Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia - 1: A Unique Presentation
CL Nawal, Abhishek Yadav, Abhishek Agrawal, Radhey Shyam Chejara and Aradhana Singh
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 15, 2020
A twenty-one years-old Indian female patient presented with episodes of nervousness, irritability and confused behavior for a period of 20 days, particularly when a meal was delayed. About two days prior to presentation she developed an episode of loss of consciousness which recovered when she was administered dextrose containing intravenous fluids at a local clinic. She was then referred to our department for further evaluation. There was no history of chest pain, dyspnea, involuntary movements...