Mikky A, Al Busafi M, Al Salmi I (2019) The 'SAFE PT' Handover: A Qualitative Study for Developing an Improvised Tool Facilitating Safe Patient Handover. Int J Crit Care Emerg Med 5:082.


© 2019 Mikky A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

QUALITATIVE STUDY | OPEN ACCESSDOI: 10.23937/2474-3674/1510082

The 'SAFE PT' Handover: A Qualitative Study for Developing an Improvised Tool Facilitating Safe Patient Handover

Ahmed Mikky, MD1, Mohamed Al Busafi, MD1 and Issa Al Salmi, MD, PHD2*

1The Emergency Department, The Royal Hospital, Oman

2The Medical Department, The Royal Hospital, Oman



The aim of this study is to identify and establish an effective and a standardized tool that is easily reproducible for the safe handover of patients at end of shift at the emergency department (ED) for continuity of care, smooth transition and minimising errors. This tool is designed to assist emergency physician and nurses in building a safe patient culture one that is reliable and upholds the standards of quality and improvement guided by international goals.


To develop this tool; the end users were consulted for understanding the requirements through group discussion, interviews and surveys involving emergency physicians and nurses of different grades. This was further augmented by reviewing literature on international accepted tools. Based on the above information gathered; a tool was developed which was simple, practical and included all necessary details of the patient in an easy and structured format.


Group discussions, interviews and survey conducted showed that current handover practice needed improvement and there was inadequate information being passed on between shifts. This was of concern to most participants and they felt that absence of a reliable tool led to unsafe handovers. The need of the hour was a reliable tool which would standardize and smoothen the handover of patients between shifts in a safe manner. Participants cited examples of leak of information in the current practice which would have changed their approach to patient and having a direct impact on the quality of care delivered. There was also varied responses regarding what was a safe handover practice and prior training received on handover process and the contents of a good handover were found lacking. In order to standardize the handover process based on internationally acclaimed approach and specific to needs as received by end users of the ED, the SAFE PT tool was developed incorporating the relevant details of patient care to facilitate the smooth and safe continuity of care between shifts.


Clinical handover is a high-risk area for patient safety and quality in health care and therefore of high priority for the ED. The SAFE PT tool was derived to emphasize on a culture of patient safety and also for easy recollection of the desired information to be included for a quicker and safer continuity of care between shifts in the ED leading to improved patient satisfaction.