Razavian H, Sara MSV, Zare H, Sepahvandi AM (2018) State and Trait Anxiety Evaluation in Dental Patients. Int J Depress Anxiety 1:008.


© 2018 Razavian H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

RESEARCH ARTICLE | OPEN ACCESS DOI: 10.23937/ijda-2017/1710008

State and Trait Anxiety Evaluation in Dental Patients

Hamid Razavian1, Sara Mohammadi Sepah V2*, Hadi Zare3 and Ali Mohammadi Sepahvandi4

1Assistant Professor, Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

2Assistant Professor, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorram Abad, Iran

3Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorram Abad, Iran

4Medical Student, Medicine Faculty, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran



The purpose of this study was to evaluate the possible relation between dental patient's state anxiety, demographic factors and past experience of treatments with their trait anxiety in patients undergoing root canal treatments (RCT).

Materials and methods

60 patients participated in this study. A single molar was treated in every patient. At their first visit, patients were asked to fill out a questionnaire about their demographic and educational status as well as a Persian version of STAI-T (Spielberger Trait Anxiety Inventory). At the second visit they filled out a STAI-S (Spielberger State Anxiety Inventory) before going through the dental procedure.


Our results showed a significant correlation between state and trait anxiety (P = 0.001). We also found no significant correlation between age and state anxiety (P = 0.932). However, no significant difference was found neither between education and state anxiety (P = 0.78) nor between past RCT experience and state anxiety (P = 0.88). In addition, our analysis indicates no correlation between state anxiety and total number of injections (P = 0.68). According to the patient's answers, the most stressful part of dental procedure was drilling (37%).


Our results suggest that there is a relation between trait anxiety and state anxiety. Also, dental procedures are not a source of anxiety in patients with higher trait anxiety per se.