Sleep Quality in Osteoporotic Elderly: Relationship to Pain Sensitıvity and Depression
Kasapoglu Aksoy M, Aykurt Karlibel I, Dulger S and Altan L
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 12, 2018
The objective of the current study was to assess the impact of sleep quality on pain sensitivity and depressive symptoms in the elderly. In this cross-sectional analytical design study a total of 78 patients (65-85 years) with good general health status and 44 young (30-50 years) healthy volunteers were included. All subjects assessed by Pittsburg sleep quality index (PSQI), pain pressure threshold (PPT) and geriatric depression scale (GDS)....
State and Trait Anxiety Evaluation in Dental Patients
Hamid Razavian, Sara Mohammadi Sepah V, Hadi Zare and Ali Mohammadi Sepahvandi
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 07, 2018
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the possible relation between dental patient's state anxiety, demographic factors and past experience of treatments with their trait anxiety in patients undergoing root canal treatments (RCT). 60 patients participated in this study. A single molar was treated in every patient. At their first visit, patients were asked to fill out a questionnaire about their demographic and educational status as well as a Persian version of STAI-T (Spielberger Trait Anxie...
Pseudodepression as an Anticipatory Symptom of Frontal Lobe Brain Tumors
Article Type: Short Commentary | First Published: November 16, 2018
Frontal brain tumors often cause psychiatric disorders related to the functions of the prefrontal cortex. The prefrontal cortex expresses cognitive functions, which are superior functions concerning personality, conception, planning, ability to manage social relations. The dorsolateral part of the prefrontal cortex, if damaged, causes a depressive symptomatology, consisting of apathy, mood reduction and other symptoms. Kleist defined depression secondary to brain tumors, pseudodepression syndrom...
The Health Effects of the Abuse of Ketamine
William J Maloney
Article Type: Short Commentary | First Published: October 26, 2018
Ketamine is a dissociative anesthetic which is used in powdered or liquid form. A number of individuals have abused this drug or have been instrumental in others using this drug as a "date-rape" drug. Abuse of ketamine can result in a number of systemic manifestations including gastrointestinal issues, depression, and respiratory problems and amnesia. Serious debilitating urinary tract symptoms are also seen frequently in those individuals who abuse ketamine. Ketamine, Anesthetic, Phencyclidine,...
Effects of Non-Focused Elf-Emf Treatment on Hrv: Preliminary Study
Alessandro Greco and Anna Destefani
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: October 19, 2018
Interest in the interaction between electromagnetic fields and biological systems is constantly growing. Among these, excellent results have been achieved in psychiatrics using transcranial magnetic stimulation. However, very little is known of the effects of electromagnetic fields at low frequencies and intensities (ELF-EMF) on the psychological state of subjects given non focused total body treatment. This was one of the reasons for the decision to observe the effects of ELF-EMF treatment on t...
Late - Life Depression in North Greece: Prevalence and under Detection
Konstantinos Argyropoulos, Aikaterini Saropoulou and Eleni Jelastopulu
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 12, 2018
Depression is the most frequent cause of emotional suffering on late life. The purpose of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of depression and to assess possible under-diagnosis of depressive symptoms in the elderly. A cross-sectional study was conducted among the members of the open day care centers for older people in the municipality of Pella, North Greece. A questionnaire was developed to collect basic demographic data, including three questions from the "European Health Interv...
Factors Associating Perceived Stress and Psychological Well-being among Iranian Female Adolescents
Haleh Heizomi, Hamid Allahverdipour, Shahrzad Bazargan Hejazi, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi and Anaheed Shirazi
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: October 11, 2018
1) To assess the role of life satisfaction, happiness, hopefulness, and self-efficacy, on perceived stress and PWB among a sample of female high school 9th graders in Tabriz, Iran; 2) To assess direct and indirect relationships of life satisfaction, happiness, hopefulness, and self-efficacy with PWB in the sample, considering the mediator role of perceived stress under a conceptual model. This was a cross-sectional study of 289 randomly-selected female 9th-grader high school students in Tabriz, ...
Interventions for Mothers with Postpartum Depression: A Systematic Review
Linsu Thomas, Sailaxmi Gandhi and Jithin Thomas Parel
Article Type: Systematic Review | First Published: August 24, 2018
Women may go through a wide range of emotional experiences during pregnancy and the year following birth. In some cases it can result in depressive symptoms which need treatment and supportive interventions. Interventions like individual psychotherapy and counseling with an exploratory, participative approaches were most commonly practiced in low- and middle-income (LAMI) countries. The aim of this study is to investigate systematically the evidence surrounding the impact of such interventions o...
Trauma Precursors of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - A Case Series
Vyjayanthi Subramanian and Prashanth Mayur
Article Type: Case Series | First Published: August 23, 2018
Traumatic events are a precursor for not only post traumatic stress disorder but also obsessive compulsive disorder, which tend to have a generally better outcome and response to interventions. Such cases have not been described from an Indian sub-continental background....