Hasnain H, Afif N, Nicholas SB (2018) Case Report: 52-Year-Old Male with Right Upper Quadrant Abdominal Pain. J Clin Nephrol Ren Care 4:040.


© 2018 Hasnain H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

CASE REPORT | OPEN ACCESS DOI: 10.23937/2572-3286.1510040

Case Report: 52-Year-Old Male with Right Upper Quadrant Abdominal Pain

Huma Hasnain, Nawal Afif and Susanne B Nicholas*

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, USA


Renal artery dissections (RADs) are lesions that disrupt vessels that primarily occur in patients with a known history of hypertension and caused by stenosis or enlargement of the renal artery typically due to underlying connective tissue disorders. However, RADs may occur spontaneously from trauma and no previous history of hypertension. Here, we report a rare case of bilateral isolated spontaneous RADs that characteristically occurs in healthy males. A 52-year-old male presented with left lower quadrant abdominal pain and renal insufficiency. Two years prior, he had experienced a similar episode of pain on the contralateral side, which was due to an infarct of the right kidney. On this admission, a computed tomography angiogram confirmed a new infarct of the left kidney, with dissection of a branch of the renal artery supplying the upper lobe. Work-up for cardiovascular, hematologic, radiographic or connective tissue causes was negative. We postulate that both RADs were potentially associated with the rapid twisting and turning of the abdominal area on a daily basis required for his occupation as an air traffic controller. The patient was treated with a renin angiotensin system inhibitor. After one year, both RADs had significantly improved and his renal function increased by ~23%. Isolated RAD may be associated with consistent or long-term activities that require rapid twisting and turning of the abdominal area. If left untreated, this may result in malignant hypertension, bilateral dissections, or renal ischemia. To avoid misdiagnosis; we provide a comprehensive review of the typical presentation and necessary assessment and management.