Gemella is a Gram-positive, catalase-negative, facultatively anaerobic coccus bacterium. It is a member of the normal flora and rarely causes infection. This study aims at evaluating, accompanied by the literature, Gemella-associated infections that are also present in the normal flora.
This study is a cross-sectional study. Gemella infections recorded in 2014-2018 in University Hospital, Turkey.
When the identified species of Gemella are examined, it is found that 74.4% (n = 29) is G. haemolysans and 17.9% (n = 7) is G. morbillorum. On the other hand, typology cannot be determined for the 7.7% (n = 3) of cases.
When the distribution of cases to units are examined, anaesthesia intensive care ranked first with 41.0% (n = 16). It is followed by Neurology ICU by 10.3% (n = 4), Paediatric ICU 7.7% (n = 3) and Chest diseases service 7.7% (n = 3).
In conclusion, Gemella is a member of normal flora and it rarely causes serious infections. However, the agent is susceptible to many antibiotic groups and an optimum treatment will give successful results.