Cytotoxic Effect of Snake (Echis Carinatus) Venom on Human Embryonic Kidney Cells (HEK 293)
Mahboobeh Balali Bahadorani and Abbas Zare Mirakabadi
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: September 26, 2016
Background: The venom of snake (Echis carinatus) induces hemorrhage and necrosis locally at the bite site as well as acute renal failure (ARF) as a consequence of morphological and functional alterations in glomerular and tubular cells. Objectives: It is not clear that ARF results from a direct cytotoxic effect on renal epithelia or from a renal ischemia due to systemic hemodynamic disturbances. This work investigated the in vitro effect of Echis Carinatus crude venom, using cultured Human embry...
Advances in the Management of Skin Wounds with Synthetic Dressings
Fletes-Vargas Gabriela, Leon-Mancilla Benjamin and Esquivel-Solis Hugo
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 16, 2016
Treating wounds under normal wound healing processes often require little or no intervention, consisting primarily of debridement, as during the inflammatory stage the cells clear the wound to healing. However wound care professionals face many challenges in treating acute wounds with impairment on healing such as burn injuries or chronic wounds like diabetic, vascular and pressure ulcers. Wound healing is a complex process of several stages that requires being free of complications....
A Young Man with Joints Effusion without Trauma: It is a Rheumatic Disease
Cinzia Casu, Francesco Benazzo, Eleonora Bruschi, Franco Combi and Oscar Massimiliano Epis
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 14, 2016
The problem of swollen joints in athletes represents a typical risk following a sports injury, but this is not the only cause, although it is the most frequent one. Indeed inflammatory arthritis may also be a source of joint effusion. We report the case of a 21-year-old professional football player who suffered from pain and swelling in his joints after a mild sprain. He first underwent arthroscopy, followed by intra-articular steroid injections at a later stage....
Malignant Peritoneal Mesothelioma in a Clerk: A Diagnostic Dilemma
Victoria Achaval Rodriguez, Patricia Moreira, Maria Camara, Pilar Rondon, Maria Garrido, Ricardo Hitt and Maria Jose Echarri
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 05, 2016
Diffuse malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (DMPM) represents one-fourth of all mesotheliomas. Association of asbestos exposure with DMPM has been observed, especially in males. Incidence is increasing worldwide and is not expected to peak for another 5 to 20 years. The majority of patients present with abdominal pain and distension, caused by accumulation of tumors and ascitic fluid....