Ancestral European Origins and Population Structure of Helicobacter pylori Strains from an Iranian Population
Article Type: Editorial | First Published: May 13, 2020
Helicobacter pylori is a spiral, microaerophilic and motile bacterium originated by its polar flagella that is the etiological reason of chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer, gastric cancer, and extra-gastrointestinal diseases. The human stomach is considered the only host of this bacterium. This bacterium has been residing in the human stomach for many years and has been coevolved simultaneously with its host, especially since the horizontally transmitted condition is not observed in Helicobacter py...
Which Aligner Software is the Best for Our Study?
Article Type: Short Report | First Published: May 13, 2020
Alignment is the first step in most RNA-seq analysis pipelines, and the accuracy of downstream analyses depends heavily on it. Many algorithms have been developed for this alignment step. Due to the increasing growth in the use of aligning and mapping software, this software has become particularly important. This seemingly worthless issue but it is confusing and difficult to compare results from different approaches. We performed a comprehensive benchmarking of 4 popular and common aligners and...
HLA DRB1*/DQA1*Alleles and TNF-alpha G308A Polymorphism Protect against Neuromyelitis Optica in the Cuban Population
Fernandez-de-Cossio ME, Cintado A, Nazabal M, Camacho H, Diaz T, Villarreal A, Ale M, Grass D, Cervantes-Llanos M, Pavon-Fuentes N, Benitez JV, Cabrera-Gomez JA, Diaz de la Fe A and Penton-Rol G
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 23, 2018
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a complex immune-mediated disease whose prevalence differs among ethnic groups, most likely due to genetic factors. The presence of the Human Leucocyte Antigens (HLA) extended haplotype is a risk for NMO. The tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-a) is believed to play a role in NMO pathogenesis. Although single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the TNF-a promoter region (pTNF-a) has been shown to influence levels of TNF-a production, such an association is not evident ...
Molecular Landscape and Clonal Evolution of Acute Mast Cell Leukemia: Case Study
Ricardo Sanchez, Maria Liz Paciello, Rosa M Ayala, Leyre Lorza, Teresa Cedena, M Pilar Martinez and Joaquin Martinez-Lopez
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 20, 2018
Systemic mastocytosis is a rare disorder characterized by clonal proliferation, which results in abnormally high numbers of mast cells in the skin, bone marrow, and internal organs, such as liver, spleen, or lymph nodes. Mast cell leukemia and subvariants were stratified by the World Health Organization in 2016, as a subtype of systemic mastocytosis. The World Health Organization classification of tumors that arise in hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues represents the worldwide consensus on hemat...
Combination of Vitamin K2 and Phosphatidylcholine Inhibits Hepatocarcinogenesis via Mir-16 Regulating
Ruicheng Yan, Jianfei Luo, Fusheng Lin, Chao Hu, and Shiqiang Shen
Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH | First Published: September 12, 2018
Vitamin K2 and phosphatidylcholine are two common drugs in clinical treatment. Studies carried out in the past several years demonstrated vitamin K2 and phosphatidylcholine could separately inhibit hepatocarcinogenesis. In this study, we sought to investigate the synergy of vitamin K2 and phosphatidylcholine and the potential mechanism. Multiple assays were performed to evaluate the effect of combination administration in vitro and in vivo. Then microRNA microarray, bioinformatics analysis and w...
Comprehensive Leaf Transcriptome of a Non-model Plant, Abelmoschus esculentus for the Functional Genomics Studies
Padmanabhan Priyavathi, Srikakulam Nagesh, Velayudha Vimala Kumar Kavitha, Christdas Johnson and Pandi Gopal
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 25, 2018
Abelmoschus esculentus is widely cultivated and consumed across the globe for its nutritional and medicinal purpose. In spite of the growing demand, its cultivation is massively affected by various insects, fungi, nematodes and viruses. Due to lack of genomic and limited transcriptomic resources, genetic manipulation studies concerning the crop improvement against various environmental factors is scarce for this crop. Thereby, the present study aims to develop high quality transcriptome of A. es...
Identification of Expression QTLs Targeting Candidate Genes for Residual Feed Intake in Dairy Cattle Using Systems Genomics
Salleh MS, Mazzoni G, Nielsen MO, Lovendahl P and Kadarmideen HN
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 16, 2018
Residual feed intake (RFI) is the difference between actual and predicted feed intake and an important factor determining feed efficiency (FE). Recently, 170 candidate genes were associated with RFI, but no expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) mapping has hitherto been performed on FE related genes in dairy cows. In this study, an integrative systems genetics approach was applied to map eQTLs in Holstein and Jersey cows fed two different diets to improve identification of candidate genes fo...
Investigation of Aeromonas: A Medical and Biotechnological Perspective
Zeynep Yegin and Cumhur Avsar
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 23, 2018
The genus Aeromonas is widely distributed in aquatic environments and certain strains are serious pathogens in poikilothermic animals and humans. Human infections related with this pathogen include gastroenteritis, urinary tract infections, pneumonia, wound infections and septicemia. In this study, both the correct medical diagnosis with taking advantages of molecular approaches and a brief investigation of the enzymatic activity potential of Aeromonas were aimed....
A Review of NEMO Protein and its Relationship with Genetic Diseases
Mohammad Reza Zinatizadeh, Zahra Masoumalinejad, Azim Nejatizadeh, Mohammad Shekari, Farzaneh Parnak and Faeghe Zaree
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: May 30, 2018
NF-κB essential modulator (NEMO) syndrome is an immunodeficiency disease. NF-κB proteins, which regulate the expression of genes that moderate important physiological processes, are called regulatory of cell homeostasis. NEMO is a protein in the IKK inhibitor complex that many organ systems normally do not grow. Cells (as well as organ and tissues) do not grow proteins they express proteins....