Assessment of the Topographic Memory in Epileptic Patients
BAKOU Niangoran Francois, KPI-N'DIH Annabelle, BA Abdoulaye and ADOU Kobenan Fieni
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 04, 2019
The method used is that of named Route Learning Task (RLT). It is a path learning task (topographic memory) that is based solely on learning a route composed of visual but non-verbal cues so that there is no influence of Examiner language or signposts on patient behavior. At a normal walking pace, the subjects had to travel a 10-minute loop in the cocody university hospital. The route (approximately 200 m) included 7 crossings that required an orientation decision. The examiner showed the route ...
Optic Perineuritis Secondary to Sjogreen’s Syndrome: Case Report
Juliana Emy Tolachinski Oikawa, Julia Gomes Leite de Souza, Vitoria Caroline Cardoso Ferreira, Paulo Roberto Wille, MD, PhD, Laura Fiuza Parolin, MD and Marcus Vinícius Magno Goncalves, MD, PhD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 04, 2019
Optic perineuritis (OPN) is a rare inflammatory disease involving the optic nerve sheath, causing pain and disc edema and is often bilateral. The diagnosis of OPN is commonly based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and clinical features. In MRI it is possible to visualize a circumferential enhancement around the intraorbital optic nerve with preservation of the nerve itself (doughnut sign). This is better seen in contrast-enhanced and suppressed coronal MRI sequences with fat. Magneti...
A Case of Postural Instability with Unusual Aetiology in a Elderly Patient
Valerio Massimo Magro, MD, Carla Coppola, MD, Giovanni Scala, MD and Walter Verrusio, MD, PhD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 28, 2019
Pneumocephalus or air within the cranial vault is usually associated with a series of symptoms caused by head trauma, the presence of neoplasms or after craniofacial surgical interventions or other causes. We report a case report of an elderly patient who presented with postural instability with an anamnestic history that didn’t talk about traumatic events. We review briefly the literature for nontraumatic causes causes of pneumocephalus, its symptoms and clinical manifestations and finally th...