Original Research Article | Volume 1, Issue 1
Comparison of Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis and Magnetic Resonance Imaging for the Quantification of Fat Mass
Cuisle Forde, Niamh Murphy, James Meaney, Paul Kennedy, Gerard Boyle and John Gormley
Body composition is a key determinant of health. Many methods, including bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), are available to estimate body composition; however the validity of such methods varies greatly. The aim of this cross sectional study was to investigate the accuracy of the Tanita MC-180MA BIA machine in the quantification of fat mass through comparison with Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).
Short Review | Volume 1, Issue 1
Jose Esteves da Costa, Afonso Rocha and Fernando Parada
Ventricular premature complexes (VPCs) are a frequent finding, even in patients without heart disease. There is an age-dependent increase in prevalence, and might be present in many structural heart diseases. VPCs are present in about 1% of routine ECGs, in up to 80% of 24-hour Holters and might be transiently present in 80 to 90% of patients after an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The mechanisms by which they are generated include reentry, enhanced automaticity and triggered activity.
Research Article | Volume 1, Issue 1
Gross Motor Function Improvement in Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Case Series of Single-Event Multi-Level Chemoneurolysis Using Botulinum Toxin-A and/or Phenol Injections
Teerada Ploypetch, Jeong-Yi Kwon, Hilary F. Armstrong, Amanda C. Ayala and Heakyung Kim
Toxin injection has been a common option to manage spasticity in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Multi-level injections are recommended based on the fact that most patients have diffuse spasticity rather than focal spasticity. In order to achieve optimal limb alignment, a number of muscle groups are targeted. Bakheit et al. reported that multi-level Botulinum toxin-A (BTX-A) injections resulted in a better overall response than single level treatments. Other researchers have reported that the benefit of Single-Event Multi-Level Chemoneurolysis (SEMLC) is not only the body structure but also other aspects of function, activity, and participation.