Repercussions of Smoking Habit on Orofacial Pain and Temporomandibular Dysfunction: Integrative Review
Oliveira-Souza AIS, Oliveira Ferro JK, Santana da Silva TP, Vasconcelos SC, Costa Lima, MD, and Oliveira DA
Article Type: Integrative Review | First Published: August 21, 2019
Temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) can be triggered by several factors, such as parafunctional habits, among them: smoking. However, the relationship between these two conditions is unclear. The aim of this study was to describe the repercussions of smoke habits in patients with TMD. This is an integrating review with a guiding question considered Population, Intervention, Comparison and Outcomes (PICO). The search strategy was conducted following some Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic R...
Fractional Anisotropy Brain Changes in Spasticity after Peripheral Injections of Botulin
Miguel Angel Bertoni, Mohammed Sakel and Ali Hojjatoleslami
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 22, 2018
Seven subjects with spasticity that developed 2-22 years after cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) were studied with 3T MRI of the brain including diffusion tractography (DTI) and fractional anisotropy (FA) measurements of the white matter of the corticospinal tracts (CST), corpus callosum (CC) and cerebral lobes of the affected and contralateral sides prior and after the injection of botulin toxin at the contours of peripheral nerves of the affected side....
The Role of Early Mobilization in the Intensive Care
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 07, 2018
Amyotrophy, muscle strength deficit, sarcopenia, pain, contractures and osteoporosis are some of the musculoskeletal complications frequently observed in critically ill patients. However, the negative effects of immobility are rarely limited to a single system....
Muscle Activation Patterns in Wheelchair Basketball Athletes with and without Physical Disability
Matthew Hanks and Gretchen Oliver
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 12, 2018
Wheelchair basketball is a highly competitive sport that uses primarily upper extremity and lumbo-pelvic musculature to accomplish all tasks of the sport (i.e., wheelchair propulsion, dribbling, passing, shooting, and rebounding). Free throw execution is one of the basic skills first introduced when learning the sport of wheelchair basketball, and the mechanics utilized during a free throw attempt are similar to overall shooting mechanics. ...