Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3658/1510210
COVID-19 with Sporotrichosis (aka Sporothrix schenckii) and Fusobacterium Bloodstream Infections (BSI)
Stephen Catalya, MD, Cyrus Shariat, MD and Michael C Cloud, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 31, 2021
We present a case of COVID-19 complicated by sporotrichosis and fusobacterium blood stream infections - no known prior cases of sporotrichosis fungemia nor polymicrobial fusobacterium bloodstream infections in COVID-19 patients. Severe COVID-19, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus (DM), and prolonged corticosteroid use contributed to immune dysregulation, increasing the patient’s vulnerability to blood stream infection. This highlights the importance of vigilance regarding risks and complications o...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3658/1510209
Mathematical Modeling of the Infectious Diseases: Key Concepts and Applications
Anderson Luiz Pena da Costa, Marcelo Amanajas Pires, Rafael Lima Resque and Sheylla Susan Moreira da Silva de Almeida
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: May 31, 2021
The transmission dynamics of infectious diseases is susceptible to changes governed by several factors, whose recognition is critical for the rational development of strategies for prevention and control, as well as for developing health policies. In this context, mathematical modeling can provide useful insights concerning transmission patterns and detection of parameters to mitigate disease in the population. Infectious diseases are the result of a disharmonious ecological interaction between ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3658/1510208
A Case Report of COVID-19 Fatality in a Nigerian Child without Apparent Comorbidity
Festus Dele Akeredolu, MBBS,FMCPaed, Sunday Ochapa Onazi, BM,BCh, FWACP(paed), Usman Muhammad Waziri, MBBS,FMCPaed, Alfred Tume, MBBS,FWCS and Kelechi Obi, MBBS
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 17, 2021
As community transmission of COVID 19 peaks in our environment, more children are presenting with moderate to severe disease, as against the earlier notion of asymptomatic to mild disease severity in children. Mortality from COVID-19 infection in children with no apparent comorbidity is still rare. Our aim is to describe a fatal case of COVID-19 in a Nigerian girl with no background medical conditions. The 8-year-old girl presented with fever, cough and difficulty with breathing. She was febrile...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3658/1510207
Risk Factors for Surgical Site Infection Following Ventriculoperitoneal Shunting
Fabiana Guerra Pimenta, Roberta Maia de Castro Romanelli, Paulo Henrique Orlandi Mourão, Maria Letícia Barbosa Braga, Soraya Rodrigues de Almeida Sanches, Alexandre Varella Giannetti and Wanessa Trindade Clemente
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 17, 2021
Ventriculoperitoneal shunting (VPS) is a neurosurgical procedure used to treat hydrocephalus. However, after this procedure, the surgical site infection rates and associated risk factors remain unclear. Most studies do not apply clear criteria for the definition of surgical site infection (SSI), hindering its clinical applicability. We conducted a retrospective, case-control study to evaluate the risk factors for SSI after VPS. The National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) criteria were used to ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3658/1510206
Seropositive Prevalence of Antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 in Rural Harnett County, North Carolina
Anita Subramanian, MD, Gualberto B Morco VI OMS IV, Piper Olmsted DO, Qinfeng (Sarah) Liu, PhD and Asif Zia MD, MPH, FACP
Article Type: Epidemiological Survey | First Published: May 03, 2021
Reported infections of SARS-CoV-2 likely underestimate the prevalence of infection in affected communities. Seroprevalence studies allow us to understand how the virus is spreading through this local community and help us to identify people with previous infections known or unknown. This study is an epidemiologic survey to evaluate seroprevalence data in a rural community. Participants were tested between September 2020 to March 2021 using a Biohit SARS-CoV-2 IgM/IgG quick test. The positive fin...