Oblique Lumbar Interbody Fusion from the Right-Side Approach in the Treatment of a Patient with Left-Sided Inferior Vena Cava
Xigong Li, Weiyi Diao, Shuo Wang, Dongdong Yu, Junsong Wu and Yuzhu Zhang
Article Type: Case Report and Literature Review | First Published: March 31, 2021
Oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) can achieve better reconstruction of the lumbar spine via the anatomic corridor between the psoas muscle and the great vessels. Despite OLIF is considered as an effective and relatively safer procedure, congenital anomalies of the main vessels surrounding the oblique corridor may pose higher risk of vascular damage, which should bear in mind in deciding to use the OLIF procedure. We presented a case of an anomalous left-sided inferior vena cava (IVC) who un...
'Talk and Die' with Potential Medicolegal Issue: A Case and Literature Review
Masanori Kurimoto, MD and Hiromichi Yamamoto, MD
Article Type: Case Report and Literature Review | First Published: March 05, 2021
'Talk and die' patients are a small number of patients who present with a mild head injury (Glasgow coma scale [GCS] 13-15) and then subsequently deteriorate and die from intracranial causes. We report the case of a 60-year-old man who had the first mild head injury, followed by chronic subdural hematoma and finally suffered from the high-energy second head injury and was ambulated to our hospital with a GCS of 15. He presented with severe headache and uncontrollable high blood pressure but he c...
Cerebellar Hemorrhage Revealing a Community Acquired Bacterial Meningitis: A Rare Complication
Rida Touab, MD, Mohammed Rabii Andaloussi, MD, Khalil Mounir, PhD, Mustapha Bensghir, PhD and Hicham Belkhi, PhD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 28, 2021
Hemorrhagic stroke can be an exceptional complication of meningitis and constitute a differential diagnosis in our observation. A 73-year-old man, with a history of arterial hypertension, chronic smoking for 25 years, and has been abstinent for 30 years. The patient had had a fever of 38 °C for one week before admission with vomiting, headache complicated by altered consciousness, with suspension of contact. The patient had a Glascow Coma Scale at 10, and normal hemodynamic and respiratory para...
COVID-19 Associated with Severe Intracranial Hemorrhage in Previously Healthy Patients
Ioan Alexandru FLORIAN, Magdalena BALACI, Teodora Larisa TIMIȘ, Cristina Caterina ALDEA, Laura MUREȘAN, Oana Maria RADU and Ioan Stefan FLORIAN
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 27, 2021
The neurological complications of COVID-19 are still under scrutiny, stroke and intracranial hemorrhages being the most commonly described events. Hemorrhagic stroke in previously healthy patients and with a normal coagulative status has only rarely been described. We present three males aged 30, 57 and 38 respectively, who suffered from intracranial hemorrhages, having been diagnosed with COVID-19, with no medical history and under no previous medication. They were all operated via external ven...
Clinico-Radiological Presentation of Angiocentric Neuroepithelial Tumor Associated with Pharmacoresistant Epilepsy: A Case Report
Anne-Laure Hermann, MD, Christine Bulteau, MD, PhD, Marc Polivka, MD and Augustin Lecler, MD, PhD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 19, 2021
The World Health Organization (WHO) Classification of Central Nervous System describes several types of glioneuronal tumors, which are known to induce refractory partial seizures in children and adults. The most frequent ones are Dysembryoplastic Neuroepithelial Tumors (DNETs), gangliogliomas and oligodendrogliomas, but other types of complex glioneuronal lesions can be observed and are described as Low-Grade Epilepsy Associated Neuroepithelial Tumors (LEAT). The angiocentric glioma, previously ...
An Infant with Posterior Fossa Hemangioma with Aortic Stenosis: Case Report and Review of Literature
Senol Yigit Can, MD, Daglioglu Ergun, MD, Aydogdu Basaran Ozge, MD and Belen Deni, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 19, 2021
We presented a unique case of infantile type hemangioma corresponding with aortic stenosis. Therefore, we accepted this case as a PHACES syndrome. This case will be the 4th case of the literature. The most remarkable feature of PHACE syndrome is infantile hemangioma but abnormalities in the arteries which are not obvious on the clinical examination have considerable potential morbidity. We have certain diagnosis with pathology and no conflicts of interest disclosure. The most prevalent benign ne...
Non-Traumatic Intracranial Hemorrhage in Adolescent
Joana Vanessa Soares Silva, Benedita Sousa Amaral Bianchi de Aguiar, Eduardo Miguel Pereira da Costa, António Adriano Gonçalves Vilarinho, Josué Augusto de Carvalho Pereira and Magalys Sotto Gómez Pereira
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 15, 2021
Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is a rare entity in pediatric age, that is responsible to high rates of morbidity and mortality. Vascular malformations, such as Arteriovenous malformation (AVM), are the main causes in this age group. Despite its congenital nature, AVM is less commonly discovered in children than in adults unless it complicates. The authors present the clinical case of a 17-year-old boy, previously healthy, who suffered sudden focal neurologic deficits due to a hemorrhage located i...
Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: An Updated Review
George P Lee, MD, Bhaveshkumar Ahir, PhD, Nauman Chaudhry, MD and Herbert H Engelhard, MD, PhD
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: January 23, 2021
Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is a common cause of spinal cord dysfunction. The degenerative disease can cause serious neurological symptoms that can significantly affect the quality of life. The heterogenous presentation of CSM and a lack of a single comprehensive outcome instrument can make the management of suspected CSM very difficult. Despite the advances in surgical techniques to treat CSM, the indications to do surgery remain controversial, particularly in older individuals who co...
Primary Intramedullary Frontal Bone Osteoblastoma: A Case Report
Senai Goitom Sereke, MBChB, MMed (Radiology) and Felix Bongomin, MBChB, MSc
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 16, 2021
Osteoblastoma is a rare osteoid tissue forming tumor commonly affecting the posterior element of the spine. Intramedullary osteoblastoma of the calvarium is extremely rare. Osteoblastoma rarely occurs in the first decade of life. In this report we describe osteoblastoma of a very uncommon location in an 8-years-old male. An 8-year-old male presented with a 2-year history of progressive painless swelling of the left forehead. There was no prior history of trauma to the head. Head computed tomogra...