Neurosurgery Cases and Reviews is an international, peer reviewed, open access journal that deals with the medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, surgical treatment, and rehabilitation of disorders affecting portions of the nervous system including the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system.
All the published articles are permanently archived without any restriction barriers to access under terms of creative commons attribution license. The submitted manuscripts undergo thorough double blind peer review process and are accepted only by recommendation of editorial experts. The journal invites various type of articles covering but not limited to ablative surgery, astroglias, brain hemorrhages, cervical spinal stenosis, cranial/peripheral nerve pain, deep brain stimulation surgery, drug-resistant epilepsy, glioblastomas, hydrocephalus infections, intracerebral hemorrhage, intractable psychiatric disorders, invasive stereotactic neurosurgery, lumbar spinal stenosis, movement disorders, moyamoya disease, skull fractures, spinal cord trauma, spinal disc herniation, traumatic injuries of peripheral nerves, tumors of the spine, spinal cord and peripheral nerves, vascular malformations, etc.
Articles Search by Keyword | Journal title | Author name | DOI
Open Access DOI:10.23937/NCR-2017/1710013
Wyatt McGilvery, BS, Marc Eastin, MD, Anish Sen, MD and Maciej Witkos, MS, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 05, 2019
The authors report a case in which a 38-year-old male who presented himself to the emergency department with a chief complaint of cervical neck pain and paresthesia radiating from the right pectoral region down his distal right arm following self manipulation of the patient's own cervical vertebrae. Initial emergency department imaging via cervical X-ray and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) without contrast revealed no cervical fractures; however, there was evidence of an acute cervical disc her...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/NCR-2017/1710012
Giuseppe Mariniello, MD, Carmela Peca, MD, Maria Laura Del Basso De Caro, MD, Sergio Corvino, MD, Valentina Orlando, MD, Elia Guadagno, MD and Francesco Maiuri, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 14, 2019
This article reports a left cerebellopontine angle glioblastoma presenting with two week history of rapidly progressive hearing loss and trigeminal pain, treated by subtotal resection and radiotherapy with concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide. At one year, local tumor control and diffuse neoplastic seeding in the cervical spinal cord were evidenced. Glioblastomas involving the cerebellopontine angle are exceptional with only 10 reported cases. T...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/ncr-2017/1710011
Pouya Entezami, MD, Emad Nourollahzadeh, MD, Adedamola Adepoju, MD, David Michael Jones, MD and John Dalfino, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 11, 2019
As our patient population grows older with improved health care technology and resources, chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is an increasingly common disease faced by the modern neurosurgeon. Despite good results with burr-hole irrigation and evacuation - the gold standard treatment for CSDH - recurrence rate remains high. Recent advancements in endovascular management of this diagnosis via embolization of the middle meningeal artery (MMA), either...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/ncr-2017/1710010
Pouya Entezami, M Reid Gooch, Emad Nourollahzadeh and John Dalfino
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 21, 2019
The basilar artery is the main arterial contributor to the posterior circulation. Interruptions of this flow can cause devastating strokes and neurological demise. While most patients with a basilar artery occlusion suffer from a high rate or morbidity and/or mortality, a small subset survive but have progressive symptomatic decline. Delayed revascularization of these patients with chronic basilar artery occlusions based on symptomatic progressio...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/ncr-2017/1710009
Alexandra Benouaich-Amiel, Shlomit Yust-Katz, Suzana Fichman and Tali Siegal
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 20, 2018
Lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LYG) is a rare, Epstein barr virus (EBV) associated, angiocentric B cell proliferation, which usually involves the lung but may also involve, more rarely, the central nervous system. Its malignant potential is uncertain, and seems to be linked to the number of EBV positive B cells. We report the case of a 32-years-old patient, with an antecedent of LYG grade 2, involving lung, who presented with a brain mass lesion on...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/ncr-2017/1710008
Alice Venier, Luca Roccatagliata, Alessandro Cianfoni and Emanuele Pravata
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 15, 2018
Glioblastoma scalp dissemination is uncommon. Infiltration may occur through the craniotomy, suggesting diffusion from the surgical site as the most likely mechanism. At Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), features of the metastatic tissue resemble those of the primary tumor. We show multimodal MRI appearance of a glioblastoma disseminating to the scalp. The patient presented with a stiff, non-tender palpable mass within the extracranial soft tissu...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/ncr-2017/1710007
A Giorgianni, P Veiceschi, G Agresta, S Balbi and D Locatelli
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 19, 2018
We report a case of right internal carotid artery pseudo-aneurysm, arising in the aspects of a giant macroadenoma in a 57-years-old man, presented with right severe temporal orbital headache and vomiting. Computed tomography scan (CT) revealed a destructive skull base mass extended from sellar region to clivus. Pre and post-gadolinium brain magnetic resonance (MRI) confirmed the lesion, characterized by an encasement of optic nerves and carotid s...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/ncr-2017/1710006
Adriana Rodrigues Liborio dos Santos, Gabriel Mufarrej, Priscila Oliveira da Conceicao, Paulo Luiz da Costa Cruz, Daniel Dutra Cavalcanti, Leila Chimelli and Paulo Niemeyer Filho
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: November 19, 2018
Selective Amygdalohippocampectomy (SAH) is a widespread technique for Mesial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy (MTLE) treatment. Dr. Niemeyer was the first to describe SAH using transventricular approach technique in 1958. In 2018, we celebrate 60 years of the original description of Niemeyer's approach. This study reviews the approach in light of currently technology and shows the results achieved with patients submitted to SAH following Niemeyer's approac...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/ncr-2017/1710005
Manuel Dujovny, Channan Kositzke, Pablo Sosa and Fabian Cremaschi
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 10, 2018
Suction capability in neurosurgery is a critical tool utilized to clear the field and improve visualization of anatomical structures. It is also used for fragmentation and debulking of pathological tumor masses. Prior to the Frazier cannula, there was no orifice bent pressure relief valve associated with suction; this tool provides independent dual suction force. The Frazier cannula has the capability to reach absolute suction or zero suction ins...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/ncr-2017/1710004
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 05, 2018
Acute peritentorial subdural hematoma (APSDH) is an extremely rare intracranial bleeding, which generally occurs due to a trauma. And, It usually regresses spontaneously without the need for a surgical intervention. However, it is difficult to determine the surgical method when it is life-threatening. A 15-year-old boy was brought to the hospital after a crash with a car whilst on a motorcycle. No significant intracranial bleeding was detected fo...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/ncr-2017/1710003
Francesco Restelli, Gianluca Agresta, Tommaso Alfiero, Alessandro Dario and Davide Locatelli
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 31, 2018
As physicians and neurosurgeons, our daily practice in Emergency Departments sometimes calls us to manage patients and to take decisions in sub-optimal conditions, maybe with partial anamnesis, incomplete neurological examinations or with lacks in routine radiological and laboratory exams. Such eventuality, although it may sometimes lead to misdiagnose and to confound some pathological conditions, fortunately is not always linked to bad repercuss...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/ncr-2017/1710002
Giyas Ayberk, Selen Isık Adiloglu, Aylin Kılıc Yazgan, Mahmut Ferhat and Mehmet Faik Ozveren
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 15, 2018
A giant cell granuloma (GCG) rarely occurs in the skull bones. Although it has destructive character, the GCG is used as the synonym of giant cell reparative granuloma (GCRG) in the literature. Differentiation from other osteolytic lesions quite difficult. The first case of GCG in the temporal bone was reported by Hirschl and Katz in 1974. Even though the GCG is not a true neoplasm, the locally aggressive behavior of this tumor necessitates surgi...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/ncr-2017/1710001
Renu Pokharna, Miles W Reese, Souvik Sen and Tushar Trivedi
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 11, 2018
Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare non-Hodgkin type neoplasm, which crosses the midline. We report an unusual case of a 71-year-old Caucasian female who was shown to have PCNSL by a tissue biopsy after the brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) showed Central Nervous System (CNS) lesions crossing the corpus callosum....
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